When Tanganyika united with the island of Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964, the new country adopted the motto of “Freedom and Unity” or Uhuru na Umoja in Swahili. In keeping with this motto, Tanzania has become a wellspring of diversity.
Tanzania is located in East Africa between Kenya and Mozambique. On the east, Tanzania borders the Indian Ocean. Dar es Salaam is the administrative capital of Tanzania and its principal commercial city. The government offices in Dar es Salaam were moved to Dodoma in 1996 making it the country’s political capital.
Tanzania includes Mt. Kilimanjaro (Africa’s highest peak), Lake Victoria (Africa’s largest lake) and Lake Tanganyika (the world’s second deepest lake). Among the significant geographical and ecological areas are numerous wildlife parks, including Gombe National Park, the site of Dr. Jane Goodall’s behavioral studies of chimpanzees. Tanzania’s economy depends almost entirely on agriculture. However, due to topography and climatic conditions, cultivated crops are limited to only 4 percent of the land.