Recent Posts

June 12, 2013


Lima, Peru’s bustling capital, was founded in 1535 by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro.  He intended to establish a capital accessible to Spanish ships, a place to export the gold and silver he found here as well as bring more Europeans to the region.  Pizarro built a city centered around the Plaza de Armas (the central plaza where his troops would parade and show off their military technology).  On one side of the plaza is the large cathedral where Pizarro himself was laid to rest after a successful assassination attempt by a group of rival Spanish soldiers.  On another is the…

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June 2, 2013

Life on the Coast

The students have spent the past week getting to know Lima.  They have spent time with their new host families.  They have learned how to travel by bus from their family’s home to Iglesia Buen Pastor (Good Shepherd Church) where we meet each morning.  They have met a new set of lecturers, workshop leaders and Spanish instructors.  And they are quickly becoming accustomed to life at a faster pace, the pace of a city that continues to grow, a city that has its eyes turned toward the Global North. James Plunkett  is an American business person who fell in love…

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May 28, 2013

Lima Families

Lima is a lively, bustling city of 9 million people.  People come here from all over Peru in search of work, education, medical treatment or, simply, new opportunities.  We arrived here several days ago from our three-week adventure in the Andes to begin the Lima portion of our study program.  The students will spend the next three weeks listening to lectures, taking part in workshops, studying Spanish and visiting a variety of places in this growing metropolitan area.  They will also get to know a new set of host families.   On the evening we arrived the new host mothers, fathers,…

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May 27, 2013

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu means “old mountain” in Quechua.  The greatest Inca ruler, Pachucutec, built this citadel atop a giant granite outcropping many years before the arrival of the Spanish  in 1532.  Archaeologists believe that the city provided a place for the Inca ruler and his predecessors to rest — a royal retreat center for the king and his court.  It was also a religious site, as evidenced by the fine stone work and temples situated around the city.  Perhaps it was here that Pachucutec had his grand revelation:  there must be a God greater than the sun, Inti, worshiped by his…

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May 26, 2013

Sacred Valley

The Wilcamayu — Quechua for “Sacred River” — flows through one of the most beautiful and historic valleys of Peru.  We began our five-day tour in central Cusco, capital of the Inca Realm that once extended from modern day Colombia all the way south into Chile.  The Inca people referred to Cusco as the “Navel of the World.”  After lunch we traveled to Pisac where we left our bus and hiked seven kilometers — a little over four miles — from a fascinating archaeological site tucked into the mountains to the market town at the base of the Sacred Valley. …

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May 22, 2013

Mountains and Valleys

The Andes are a fascinating place, steeped in history and buzzing with activity.  It is commonly held that the Inca people believed in a variety of dieties, including the sun, the stars and the snow-capped mountains.  But one of our speakers, Juan Carlos Machicado, has a different perspective on Andean spirituality.  His studies of Spanish manuscripts and Inca archaeology, along with visits to distant communities where the old ways are still practiced, lead him to the conclusion that the Incas as well as many cultures that preceded them believed in a creator God named Wiracocha who, along with Pachamama (mother…

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May 19, 2013

The Peasantry

We are reading a book entitled A Path of Our Own: An Andean Village and Tomorrow’s Economy of Values.  The author, Adam K. Webb, describes how more than one-third of the earth’s inhabitants live as peasants.  Subsistence farmers, they plant crops and tend animals much as their ancestors did.  While many in the Global North consider this lifestyle backward or undeveloped, Webb points out that peasant life can have redeeming qualities.  The peasantry places a greater emphasis on traditional values such as equity and fairness, life in community, family ties and a basic sense of decency that are becoming increasingly…

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May 10, 2013

We began our first week of study with a colloquium presentation on income and poverty in Peru — how poor is this country relative to the U.S.?  We discovered that the average income is about five times higher in the U.S. when the difference in cost of living is accounted for.  But Peru’s average income is growing about three times faster and the poverty rate is falling quickly.  And compared to other SST countries (e.g. Nicaragua, Cambodia), income is several times higher and much less equally distributed.  There is tremendous wealth concentrated in the capital of Lima, much of it…

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May 7, 2013

Life in the Andes

If our purpose is to study the changes happening in Peru — the movement from a traditional Andean culture to a society influenced by North America and connected to the global economy – it makes sense to begin in the beginning.  If we had a time machine, we’d simply dial back to the 1400’s, a century before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors on South American soil, and experience life in an Inca village.  But Apple hasn’t invented this device yet– or at least it hasn’t been released to the public.  So instead we boarded a jet for Cusco, one-time…

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May 4, 2013


This country is incredibly diverse — how do we even begin to learn about Peru and the changes that are taking place here as the nation evolves from a people steeped in Inca culture and tradition to an up-and-coming global player? The students began their first day on Peruvian soil walking the streets of Miraflores, recovering from their 24-hour journey from Goshen and taking in the sights, sounds and smells all around them.  The district of Miraflores and neighboring San Isidro are affluent by any standard.  The group instantly recognized names and businesses that are common in North America:  Starbucks,…

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