Professor of PJCS, Director of Peace, Justice & Conflict Studies
After a decade of sporadic research on themes of vengeance and forgiveness, my colleague Paul Keim and I are in conversation with a publisher about producing a book. If that doesn’t work, we can always revert to plan B, which is to serialize some chief insights into one- or two-sentence fragments for publication in church bulletins. Said serialization might also lend itself to tweeting our findings, I suppose.
My standard courses have become: Dynamics and Theology of Reconciliation; Religion, Conflict, and Peace; War, Peace, and Nonresistance; Authentic Mission; Violence and Nonviolence; and the PJCS Junior and Senior Seminars. In the fall of 2017, I’m looking forward to finally adding a course on Vengeance and Forgiveness.
In this millennium . . .
“Reconciling Memories Reconsidered: Reflections on a 1988 Irish Reconciliation Classic in Light of Three Decades of Scholarship and Political Experience.” In Representing Irish Religious Histories: Historiography, Ideology and Practice, edited by Jacqueline Hill and Mary Ann Lyons, 275-289. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.
“The Importance of Working with Scraps: Reconciliation in Difficult Contexts.” Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace 4, no. 2 (Spring 2011). http://www.religionconflictpeace.org/editor/importance-working-scraps-reconciliation-difficult-contexts -contexts
“Defining Forgiveness: Some Reflections on David Konstan’s Before Forgiveness.” Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace 4, no. 1 (Fall 2010). http://www.religionconflictpeace.org/editor/defining-forgiveness
“World Cup Reflections: Religion (But Mostly) Conflict and Peace.” Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace 3, no. 2 (Spring 2010). http://www.religionconflictpeace.org/editor/world-cup-reflections-religion-mostly-conflict-and-peace
“The National Anthem Debate at Goshen College.” Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace 3, no. 1 (Spring 2010). http://www.religionconflictpeace.org/editor/national-anthem-debate-goshen-college
“Multiplying Conversation Partners and Intercultural Translators: Teaching Theology and Expressing Personal Faith in the Undergraduate Classroom.” Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace 2, no. 2 (Spring 2009). http://www.religionconflictpeace.org/editor/multiplying-conversation-partners-and-intercultural-translators
[Editor, with Tim McElwee, Welling Hall, and Julie Garber] Peace, Justice, and Security Studies: A Curriculum Guide. Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2009.
“Religion and the Environmental Crisis.” Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace 2, no. 1 (Fall 2008). http://www.religionconflictpeace.org/editor/religion-and-environmental-crisis
“Fundamentalist Rights.” Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace 1, no. 2 (Spring 2008). http://www.religionconflictpeace.org/editor/fundamentalist-rights
“Staying Mennonite: Why Martyrs Still Matter.” Mennonite Life 62, no. 1 (Spring 2007). http://www.bethelks.edu/mennonitelife/2007spring/liechty.php.
“Forgiveness.” Vision: A Journal for Church and Theology 8, no. 1 (Spring 2007): 44-53.
[Editor, with David Tombs] Explorations in Reconciliation: New Directions for Theology. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2006.
“Putting Forgiveness in Its Place: An Account of the Dynamics of Reconciliation.” In Explorations in Reconciliation, 59-68.
[With Cecelia Clegg] ‘Moving Beyond Sectarianism: Religion, Conflict, and Reconciliation in Contemporary Northern Ireland.’ In Toleration and Religious Identity: The Implications of the Edict of Nantes for France, Britain and Ireland, edited by Ruth Whelan and Carol Baxter, 262-76. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2002.
“Mitigation in Northern Ireland: A Strategy for Living in Peace When Truth Claims Clash.” In Interfaith Dialogue and Peacebuilding, edited by David Smock, 89-101. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2002.
[With Cecelia Clegg] Moving Beyond Sectarianism: Religion, Conflict, and Reconciliation in Northern Ireland. Blackrock, Co. Dublin: Columba Press, 2001.
“Four Religious Variations on the Theme of Sectarianism in Northern Ireland.” In National Questions, edited by Vincent Comerford and Enda Delaney, 94-109. Dublin: Wolfhound Press, 2000.
“Mennonites and Conflict in Northern Ireland, 1970-1996.” In From the Ground Up: Mennonite Experiences in Peacebuilding, edited by John Paul Lederach and Cynthia Sampson, 77-96. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Community and Church service
I served as a mayor’s appointee to Goshen’s Community Relations Commission from its founding in 2004 through 2014. I’ve found no comparable community role since then, but in recent years a church-related involvement I have loved is working in various ways with the Colossian Forum (http://colossianforum.org/about-us/mission-vision-our-story/). They make these simple statements about mission and vision –
“Our mission is to equip leaders to transform messy cultural conflicts into opportunities for spiritual growth and witness.”
“Our vision is of a Christian community that behaves like Christ, especially in the face of conflict.”
I find that they work at these goals with remarkable creativity and effectiveness. Most recently Hannah Canaviri, a GC colleague, and I led a 10-session Colossian Way (http://www.colossianway.org/) pilot program on churches and lgbt inclusion for our congregation, Berkey Avenue Mennonite Fellowship in Goshen. All 12 participants found the experience most helpful, and I look forward to being involved in more ways with Colossian Forum work.
Michael Sharp was a young Mennonite peace worker in the Congo. He lived around Goshen before going to the Congo and I got to know him a bit, through some personal conversations and having him speak in classes. He was an engaging, likeable person; I really liked his vision for peace work and marked him as someone to keep an eye on as his work developed. Then in late March 2017, I learned that Michael was murdered as he went about the work he did so bravely and creatively in the Congo. A couple days later I wrote the following text on my Facebook page.
Unable to get much work done today, I decided that I might as well write down some of what I was thinking. In deepest gratitude, I write now to honor Michael’s life, his work, his memory. I am among so many grieving his loss.
Day-to-day, Mennonites can be horrible at conflict. Sometimes we can’t handle tension over “issues” like music styles in worship, let alone conflict concerning issues of real substance. If we’re not quite as bad as Irish revolutionaries—Brenda Behan quipped that the first item on the agenda of any new Irish organization was The Split—well, for Mennonites The Split is a “last resort” too easily and too often resorted to.
Right now, we won’t even talk about Mennonites at our worst.
But at our best, we do what Michael Sharp did. Michael was one of our best, and now he’s gone.
Yesterday, March 29, National Public Radio had a brief news report about Michael’s death (http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/03/28/521861266/u-n-human-rights-investigators-killed-in-democratic-republic-of-the-congo). Talking about his work with rebel groups in the eastern Congo, a place as dangerous and difficult as any in the world, they quoted Michael saying about his work, “You can always listen.” He was speaking for himself, but he was also speaking for Mennonites at our best, and I was struck immediately by the immense depths, the many layers of practice, wisdom, experience, tradition, and faith, undergirding his simple statement.
“You can always listen.” But why listen? Below are some of the answers that have been coming to mind since I learned of Michael’s death. He was speaking specifically about listening to members of rebel groups, some of whom had no doubt done some gruesome things, but the principle applies in every kind of conflict, from the interpersonal to the international. I didn’t know Michael real well, but I knew him well enough to be certain that some of my answers would have been his answers, too. Others may be just my interpretation of Michael’s life, framed my way, not his. I hope nothing I say contradicts what he stood for.
So why listen?
Because you’ve just got to understand, you ache to understand, and listening is the beginning of insight and maybe wisdom.
Because to listen is to offer a gift that can sometimes spark and nurture trust, and no real peace is possible without some level of trust.
Because to listen is to invite a relationship, and the magic of relationships can shift what is blocked, animate what has seemed lifeless.
Because listening well may allow you to be heard.
Because listening is a sacred opportunity.
Because listening is a form of power, available to almost anyone at almost any time.
Because listening is an almost secret form of power, hiding in plain sight, especially available to the less powerful—and all praise to those comparatively few experts and people of rank who also know and practice the power of listening.
Because nothing the person you’re listening to may have done can undo the reality that they are created in the image of God and worthy of being heard.
Because to listen is to honor and respect, potentially opening new possibilities for those who have been shamed, dishonored, disrespected.
Because, although you don’t very often say so out loud, you’re operating out of love, and love longs to hear and know.
Because to listen is to offer grace, and knowing your own reliance on God’s grace, you relish the opportunity to extend grace to others.
Here are some links to things written and said about Michael’s work: