Mennonite and Amish Folklore and Folk Arts
Professor Emeritus of English
With thanks to Lon Sherer, Linda Kimpel and Linda Rouch for technical assistance.
To suggest corrections or additions to this bibliography, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Because so many elements of Amish and Mennonite culture are transmitted orally or by customary example, it is often difficult to draw the line between folk and other spheres of Mennonite and Amish culture. Although this bibliography is of necessity selective, it errs in the direction of inclusivity. Some principles used in selecting items for the bibliography include the following:
Secondary reports/analyses prevail, although primary sources are sometimes included for under-researched areas. Similarly, every effort has been made to include all available scholarly studies, although many popular sources are also included.
The bibliography is relatively complete for items published since 1980; less complete for earlier years. A few items lack important bibliographical information; the compiler welcomes corrections by e-mail.
The bibliography does not regularly include items on the Hutterites, nor on Mennonites or Amish in Europe — unless such items deal with aspects of culture that have also been brought to North America. Nor does the bibliography include cookbooks, unless they also contain information on folk cultural contexts.
The borderline between folk and sociological and anthropological studies is problematic. Some sociological and anthropological studies are included, especially if they appear in the annual bibliographies for Folklore published by the Modern Language Association.
“Barn Raising at Metamora: A Photographic Essay.” Material Culture (Spring 1989): 47- 56.
Bartel, Lois Franz. “A Pioneer Home.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1962): 162-66.
Bruce. “Patterns in Brick.”
Bucher, Robert C. and Isaac Clarence Kulp, Jr. “Bau-Typen in
Harry L. The
Nina Perkins. A Heritage of Stone: Buildings of the
The Russian Mennonite House-barn of
Robert F. “A Comparative Study of
__________. “A Search for the Origin of the
Cynthia G. Architecture and Artifacts of
Rudy P. with Sergey Shmakin. Into the Past: Buildings of the
Friesen, Steve. A Modest Mennonite Home. Intercourse, PA.: Good Books, 1990.
Jeffrey L. “The Traditional Farmhouse of the
Henry J. Architecture of the Pennsylvania Dutch Country, 1700-1900.
Nancy. “From Barn Raising to
Keen, R. Martin. “Community
and Material Culture among
“Master Farmers in
Krahn, Cornelius, Don E. Smucker and George Stonebach. [On church architecture.] Educational
News Bulletin [
Edward. “European Antecedents of Seventeenth and Eighteenth
Century Germanic and Scots-Irish Architecture in
Ledohowski, Edward M. and David K. Butterfield. Architectural Heritage: Traditional Mennonite
Architecture in the Rural
Lorrain. “The Farm Home.” Mennonite Traditional
Arts of the
—John Janzen, “Anabaptist-Mennonite Spaces and Places of Worship,” 151-65.
—Leonard Gross, “Building the House of the Lord: Hutterian Architecture as an Expression of the Christian Faith,” 178-92.
—Gradon Snyder, “Christian Meeting Places, Constantinian Basilicas and Anabaptist Restorationism,” 167-77.
—Reinhild Kauenhover Janzen, “Door to the Spiritual: The Visual Arts in Anabaptist-Mennonite Worship,” 367-90.
—John Janzen, “Form and Meaning in Central Kansas Mennonite Buildings for Worship,” 323-53.
—Sebastian Schritt, “Heinrich Johann Freyse’s Renovation of the
—Keith Sprunger, “History and Theology,” 306-22.
—John Ruth, “‘Only a House . . . Yet It Becomes’: Some Mennonite Traditions of Worship Space,” 235-56.
Friesen, “Places of Worship in the
Horst-Martz, “Restoring the
—Harold Funk, “Today’s
—Robert Kreider, “What Then Is the Anabaptist-Mennonite Architecture of Worship and Meeting?” 391-99.
Visser, “‘Wherever Christ is Among Us We Will Gather’: Mennonite Worship Places
Klassen, “Worship and Churches in the Development of Mennonite Settlements in
Levi, ed. The Meetinghouse of God’s People: Essays
Musselman, V. Gerald. “Architecture and Our Faith.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1965): 159- 67.
Everett R. “Two Triple-Decker Barns, One Historic Grist Mill: --and Snippets of
Amish and Mennonite Beliefs. [
Petterson, Nancy-Lou. “The Tramp Room.” [book?]
Patterson, Nancy-Lou and Susan Burke. “Mennonite Georgian: The Joseph Schneider Haus,
Ravensway, Charles van. The Arts and Architecture of the German Settlements in
Reimer, John C. and Julius G. Toews. “Mennonite Buildings.” In Mennonite
Memories: Settling in
Thomas A. “The Peter Martin House Restoration: A Photographic Essay.”
Margaret Clark. “Assimilation and Acculturation in a Pennsylvania-German
Landscape: The Nisley Family and Its Architecture in the
Chronicle in Stone and Wood: The
Johnson. Fifteen Most Historic Properties in
Sawatsky, Tamara A. “The Dutch Windmill as Icon of Russian Mennonite Heritage.” MQR 79.2 (April 2005): 191-206.
Schmidt, Richard H. “The Hochfeld Village.” Mennonite Life (March 1985): 12-16.
David B. Foundations in a Fertile Soil: Farming and
William I. “The Pennsylvania Dutch Bank Barn in
Scott, Stephen. Amish Houses and Barns. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1992.
Shoemaker, Alfred. “Pennsylvania German Barns.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1951): 6-11.
Stauffer, Harry Franklin. “Pennsylvania German Countryside.” Der Reggeboge 17 (1983): 1-32. Photo essay.
Bryan J. “The Swiss Bank House Revisited: Messerschmidt-Dietz Cabin.”
Stucky, Brian D. “Alexanderwohl Architecture.” Mennonite Life (March 1986): 16-23.
Beck, Ervin. “Mennonite Origin Tales and Beliefs.” MQR 64:1 (Jan. 1990): 32-48.
John Frederick. “Note on the Dyeing of the Halb Leinich among the Pennsylvania
Werner. “The Social Construction of Past, Present and Future in the Written and
Oral Texts of the Old Order Amish: An Ethno-Semiotic Approach to Social Belief.”
Literary Anthropology. Ed.
Miller. Beliefs and Superstitions of the
Annamaria. “Communication in American Contexts of Religion: Old Order Amish vs.
Born-Agains.” Internal and External Perspectives on Amish
and Mennonite Life II. Ed. Werner Enninger, et al.
Kulig, Judith C., et.al. “Childbearing Beliefs Among Low-German-Speaking Mennonite Women.” International Nursing Review 55.4 (December 2008): 420-26.
B. Old Order Mennonites: Rituals, Beliefs and Community.
Naka, Tomomi. “Faith at Work: Mennonite Beliefs and Occupations.” Ethnology: An International Journal. 47.4 (Fall 2008): 271-89.
Alfred L. “Amish Folk-Beliefs.”
__________. “Water Witching.”
Myths about the Pennsylvania Dutch Country: Hex Signs; Seven Sours and Seven
Sweets; the Amish Blue Gate.
George. “Amish Folk-Beliefs.”
Richard E. Pennsylvania Dutch Folk Spirituality.
Zook, Lee. “The
K. “The Pennsylvania Dutch Carriage Trade.”
Kurtz, Karen B. “His Wheels Roll On.” Heritage Country (Spring-Summer 1985): 23-24.
Stephen. Plain Buggies: Amish, Mennonite, and Brethren Horse-Drawn
Bellafiore, Sharyn, and T. J. Redclay. Amish Farm Animals.
Burke, Susan. “Jacob Roth: Folk Artist.” Kitchener, ON: Joseph Schneider Haus, 1989. Exhibit pamphlet.
Kobayashi, Terry. “Folk Art in Wood.” Canadian Antiques and Art Review (March 1980): 26-30.
B. Horst (1873-1975): St. Jacobs Woodcarver.”
Patterson, Nancy-Lou. “Death and Ethnicity: Swiss-German Mennonite Gravestones of the ‘
Richard. David L. Hostetler, the Carver.
Wust, Klaus. Folk Art in Stone.
Olive G. “Amish Sculpture.”
“Clock Restorations Mark Passage of Time.” The Mennonite
Gibbs, James W. “Religious Sect Clockmakers, Part 1.” National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors Bulletin 167 (Dec. 1973): 44-47; “Part 2.” 168 (Feb. 1974): 168-74.
O. “The Mennonite Clockmakers of
__________. “The Search for Jacob Mandtler, Clockmaker,” Mennonite Life (Summer 2010). Online.
Janzen, Reinhild Kauenhoven. “Keeping Faith and Keeping Time: Old Testament Images on Mennonite Clocks.” Mennonite Life 55:4 (Dec. 2000). Online.
Clocks.” Winnipeg: [n.p., n.d.]. 20 pp.
Mimeographed copy in Mennonite Historical Library,
Kroeker, Wally. “Marking Time.” Mennonite Historical Bulletin 60:3 (July 1999): 14-16.
LaFond, Edward F., Jr., and J. Carter Harris.
Peters, John W. “Russian Wall Clocks Built Again.” Festival Quarterly (Feb.-April 1980): 22.
Wood, Stacy B. Clockmakers and Watchmakers of
Wood, Stacy B. C., Jr., and Stephen E. Kramer
Arthur, Linda Boynton. “Cloth, Constraint and Creativity: The Engendering of Material Culture Among the Holdeman Mennonites.” Conrad Grebel Review 17.3 (Fall 1999): 32-51.
__________. “Clothing Is a Window to the Soul: The Social Control of Women in a Holdeman Mennonite Community.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 15 (1997): 11-30.
Sioux. “Amish Plain Costume; a Matter of Choice.”
Bates, Mary Ann Miller. “Insubordinate Anabaptists in Virtuous Clothing? Amish Anabaptists as Model Subjects in the Context of Bernese Sumptuary and Moral Mandates.” MQR 82.4 (Oct. 2008): 517-32.
Linda. “Attire as an Expression of Roles among Holdeman
Mennonite Women.” Women in Anthropology Symposium Papers, 1980-81.
Teresa. Sewing for Conservative Men.
Catherine L. West. “Clothing the
Werner. “Clothing.” International
__________. “The Design Features of Clothing Codes: The Functions of Clothing Displays in Interaction.” Ars Semeiotics 8:1/2 (1985): 81-110.
Semiotic Structure of Amish Folk Costume: Its Function
in the Organization of Face-to-face Interaction.”
__________. “Structural and Pragmatic Properties of Grooming and Garment Grammars.” Semiotics Unfolding 1 (1984): 467-75.
Marlene. “Carrying the Banner of Nonconformity:
Gehret, Ellen J. Rural
Gingerich, Melvin. “Change and Uniformity in Mennonite Attire.” MQR 70 (Oct. 1966): 243-59.
Attire Through Four Centuries.
Graybill, Beth E. “‘To Remind Us of Who We Are’: An Ethnographic Exploration of Women’s Dress and Gender Roles in a Conservative Mennonite Community.” (Master’s Thesis, U. of Maryland, 1995).
Mary Jane. “A Study of the Dress of the Old Mennonites of the
Hostetler, John A. “Amish Costume: Its European Origins.” The American-German Review (Aug.-Sept. 1956): 11-14.
Laura. “Straw Hat Making Among the Old Order Amish.”
Frederic. “Bonnets and Broadbrims.” Saturday
Legoues, Thierry. “Fundamentals Now and Always.” Harper’s Bazaar 3381 (Aug. 1993): 158-64.
William. “Why I Wear a Beard.”
__________. Why We Wear Plain Clothes. Minerva, O.: The Author, 1981.
Jane. “Origin, Development and Trends of the Dress of the
Plain People of
Nystrom, Dick. “The Amish Aesthetic.” Esquire 120:2 (Aug. 1993): 107.
Fritz. “The Evolution of Clothing Trends Among the
Amish: An Interpretation.” Internal and External
Perspectives on Amish and Mennonite Life,
Lynette Sarah. “Refashioning Kleine Gemeinde Mennonite
Women’s Dress in
Regier, Amy. “Revising the Plainness of Whiteness.” Mennonite Life 57:2 (June 2002). Online.
Where Women’s Outside Work and Insider Dress Collided.” In Strangers at Home: Amish and Mennonite
Women in History. Ed. Kimberly D. Schmidt, et al.
Umble, John. “Memoirs of an Amish Bishop.” MQR 22 (April 1948): 94-115.
Von Unwerth, Ellen. “The Great Plain.” Vogue 183:8 (Aug. 1993): 278-92.
Weaver, Laura. “Forbidden Fancies: A Child’s Version of Mennonite Plainness.” Mennonite Life (June 1988): 20-23.
__________. “Plain Clothes Revisited: Empathy for Muslim Women.” Mennonite Life 57:2 (June 2002). Online.
__________. “Writing about the Covering and Plain Clothes as a Mennonite ‘Family Possession.’” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1994): 4-7.
the Strings Go, Everything Goes: The Metamorphosis of a Mennonite Cap.”
Weiser, Frederick S. “The Clothing of the “White Top” Amish of
Yoder, Don. “The Costumes of the ‘Plain People.’”
Costume.” Folklore and Folklife. Ed. Richard M. Dorson.
Costumes Among the Plain People.”
__________. “Sectarian Costume Research in the
Clarita. American Coverlets and Their Weavers... Including
a Dictionary of More Than 700 Coverlet Weavers.
Bird, Michael S. “Friedrich K. Ploethner (1826-1883): Cabinet-maker and Weaver.” Canadian Collector (May/June 1980): 28-32.
Bixel, Phyllis. “Pennsylvania German Coverlets.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1950): 34.
Burnham, Harold B. and Dorothy K. Burnham. “Keep Me Warm One Night”: Early Handweaving in
W., comp. A Checklist of American Coverlet Weavers.
Hersh, Tandy and Charles Hersh. Rural Pennsylvania German Weaving 1833-1857; and
the Christian Frey and Henry Small, Jr. Patterns Books.
__________. “Master Coverlet Weavers of
F. “Coverlets of the
E. “David Stoner: Notes on a Neglected Craftsman.”
Cavanaugh, Rodney G. “John Ziegler, Organ Builder.” Mennonite Family History 30.3 (July 2011): 156-57.
__________. “Coal and Coke and Mennonites.” Mennonite Family History 30.4 (Oct. 2011): 212-23.
“Consider the Ancient Water Wheel Life.” Countryside & Small Stock Journal 80:4 (July/Aug. 1996): 55.
Melvin. “Mint Farming in
Glick, Maggie. “Horses with Heart.” Heritage Country (Spring-Summer 1985): 18-20.
Tony. “Pennsylvania German Bookbinding and Anabaptist
Carleen. “A Second Parting of the
Keen, R. Martin. “Christian Hess, Mennonite Gunsmith.”
G. “Gardens and Gardening Among the
Lasansky, Jeannette. “Pennsylvania-German Round-Rod Oak Baskets.” Antiques (April 1984): 886-95.
Annette. “Amish Cottage Industries.”
Long, Amos. “Bakeovens in the
__________. The Pennsylvania German Family Farm.
Luthy, David. “Martin Printers.” MQR 51 (April 1977): 152-62.
__________. “Metal Initial and Date Plates on Amish and Mennonite Books.”
Malachi S. “The Ethics of Craftsmanship among the
Patterson, Nancy-Lou. “
Schmidt, Orlando. “Mennonite Organ Builders You May Not Know.” Festival Quarterly (Nov.-Dec. 1978, Jan. 1979): 31.
Schultz, Carolyn, and Adelia Stuckey. Wheat Weaving Made Easy.
Shenton, Donald R. “The Balance of the Sowing of the Seed.” Keystone Folklore Quarterly (Winter 1956-57).
Teichroew, Allan. “As Far as the Eye Can See: Some Depression Photos of Mennonite Farmers.” Mennonite Life (Sept. 1978): 4-15.
Waltner, Willard, and Elma Waltner. Year Round Hobbycraft.
Johanna. “An Analysis of Stability and Change in an Old Order Mennonite Farming
“The Amish at Auction.” Country Living 14:4 (Apr. 1991): 84-5.
a Barn.” Life
H. “Mennonite Wedding.”
Bernstein, Barbara E. “A Cross-Cultural Study of Sixth-Graders’ New Year’s Resolutions; Middle Class Versus Mennonite and Amish Youth.” Social Behavior and Personality 5:2 (1977): 209-15.
Blum, Peter C. “Heidegger’s Shoes and Beautiful Feet: Ritual Meaning and Cultural Portability.” MQR 79:1 (January 2005): 89-108.
Rolf Wilhelm. The Bible and the Plow: The Lives of a Hutterite Minister and
a Mennonite Farmer.
Joshua R. “An Amish Mortuary Ritual at
the Intersection of Cultural Anthropology and Lexicography.” In William D. Keel and C. Richard Bean,
Language and Culture of the
Canas Bottos, Lorenzo. “Transformations of Old Colony Mennonites: The Making of a Trans-statal Community.” Global Networks 8.2 (April 2008): 214-31.
“Christmas Memories.” Festival Quarterly (Nov.-Dec.1978, Jan. 1979), 16-17.
Arnold. “Can Anything Be Learned From the
Dana, Leo-Paul and Teresa E. Dana. “Collective Entrepreneurship in a Mennonite Community
Rhoda Horning. “Metzler’s School, Then and Now.”
“Dis-quest: Symbols: What Symbols are Important to Your Group?” Festival Quarterly (Aug.-Oct. 1980), 20-21.
Gingrich, Luann Good and Ernie Lightman. “Mediating Communities and Cultures: A Case Study of Informal Helpers in an Old Order Mennonite Community.” Families in Society 85.4 (Oct. – Dec. 2004): 511-20.
__________. “Striving Toward Self-Sufficiency: A Qualitative Study of Mutual Aid in an Old Order Mennonite Community.” Family Relations 55.2 (April 2006): 175-89.
Richard C. “Amish Barn-Raising.”
Donald M. “The Philopena Album of Harriet Musser Grider (1837-1923) of
Wilborn. “A Country Horse Auction.” New York Times
Hark, Ann. “Amish Christmas.” American-German Review (Dec. 1959/Jan. 1960).
Henderson, Stuart. “’While There is Still Time’: J. Murray Gibbon and the Spectacle of Difference in Three CPR Folk Festivals, 1928-31.” Journal of Canadian Studies 39:1 (Winter 2005): 139-74.
R. A Separate People: An Insider’s View of Old Order Mennonite Customs and
Hostetler, John A. “The Amish Use of Symbols and their Function in Bounding the Community.” The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (1963): 11-22.
David. Teen Life Among the Amish and
Other Alternative Communities: Choosing
P. “Marriage Practices Among the ‘
Huxman, Susan Schultz and Gerald Biesecker-Mast. „In the World but not of It: Mennonite Traditions as Resources for Rhetorical Invention.“ Rhetoric and Public Affairs 7:4 (Winter 2004): 539-54.
Reinhild Kauenhoven. “‘To Help Us Think of God’: Iconic Versus Anti-Iconic
Mennonite Celebrations of Christmas and Easter in
Theodore W. “Kutztown’s Plain People.”
Dave. “A Day on the
Kraus, Jetta. Jacob’s Ladder: Einfluss der Religion
auf das Alltagsleben einer Old Order Amisch-Gemeinde in Ohio/USA.
Disquiet in the Land: Conflict over Ideas and Symbols among American
Mennonites, 1870-1985. Diss.,
Kreider, Robert. “Four Moments of Worship Around the World.” Festival Quarterly (Feb.-April 1981): 12-14.
Kulp, Isaac Clarence, Jr. “Christmas Customs of the Goschenhoppen Region.” The Goschenhoppen Region (Allen Heil Issue 1968): 4-11.
Jeannette. A Good Start: The Aussteier or Dowry.
Old Order Mennonites: Rituals, Beliefs, and Community.
Liechty, Joseph C. “Humility.” MQR 54 (Jan. 1980): 5-32.
M. “Barn Raising Modern Version.” Iowa’s Farm and Home Register
Elizabeth. “Farming among Old Order Mennonites of
Aaron. “Courtship and Marriage Practices of
Jorg. “Solving the Preacher’s
Dilemma: Communication Strategies in Old
Order Amish Sermons.” In William D. Keel
and C. Richard Bean, eds. The Language and Culture of the
Roth, Dwight E. “The Journey of Life: Aspects of Older Adulthood Among the Old Order Amish.” Journal of Aging and Identity 2.1 (Mar 1997): 59-78.
Schreiber, William I. “Amish Wedding Days.” Journal of American Folklore (1960): 12-17.
Shachtman, Tom. Rumspringa: To Be or Not to Be Amish. NY: North Point Press, 2007.
Schmidt, Kimberly D. “‘Sacred Farming’ or ‘Working Out,’ The Negotiated Lives of Conservative Mennonite Farm Women.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies. 22:1 (2001): 79-102.
Scott, Stephen. The Amish Wedding and Other Special Occasions of Old Order Communities. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1988.
Shearer, Tobin Miller. “Chickens, Crops and Tractors: The Use of Machines as Sacred Symbols in Mennonite Fresh Air Hosting Programs.” Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture 4:3 (Sept. 2010): 153-81.
Alfred Lewis. Eastertide in
Lewis. Bundling Among the Amish.
Stewart, Doug. “For the Best Show in the Country, Check Out a Farm Auction.” Smithsonian 25:5 (Aug. 1994): 38-46.
Vincent R. “Amish Funerals.”
Wiebe, Katie Funk. “The Quest for a Proper Burial: How My Family Buried Their Dead.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 25 (2007): 215-28.
R. “Anointing the Sick with Oil in the
__________. “The Origins and Development of Anointing Among Nineteenth-Century Mennonites.” MQR 79:1 (Jan, 2005): 19-50. On powwow and anointing.
Bailey-Dick, Matthew. “The Kitchenhood of all Believers: A Journey into the Discourse of Mennonite Cookbooks.” MQR 79.2 (April 2005): 153-78.
Marie G. “Smoky and Old World.”
Elizabeth with Kevin Williams. The Amish Cook: Recollections and Recipes
from an Old Order Amish Family.
David. “Farm Fresh and Friendly.”
Catherine L. “The Hearth Is Where the Cook Is.”
M and Jonel M. H. Ness. “Great-Grandpa
Bucher’s Walnut-Custard Pie.”
“From Gravy to Jus, Now ‘Amish’ is Trendy.” New York Times
Mehegan, Sean. “The Modest Merchants.” Restaurant Business 95:6 (April 1996): 57-58.
Steve. “Diversity and Flux in
Earl F. Pennsylvania German Cooky Cutters and Cookies.
Hoover. “Historian at the Stove.”
Tiessen, Paul. “[T]here are certain things Mennonite children are kept from seeing’: Sexuality, Seeing, and Saying in Rudy Wiebe’s Of This Earth and Peace Shall Destroy Many.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 26 (2008): 133-42.
Calvin. American Fried.
Trollinger, Rebekah. “The Pleasure of Habit: Holy Frustrations in Mennonite Kitchens.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 81.4 (Oct. 2007): 531-48.
Yoder, Don. “Historical
Sources for American Traditional Cookery: Examples from the Pennsylvania German
Signs: Pennsylvania Dutch Barn Symbols and Their Meaning, rev. ed.
__________. “Amish Haystack Dinner.” Good Housekeeping (Feb. 1996): 134.
Abrahams, Ethel. “Anna’s Wuensche.” Mennonite Life (June 1979): 21-25.
__________. The Art of Fraktur Schriften among the Dutch-German Mennonites. Thesis, Wichita State U., 1975.
__________. “Learning Arithmetic with the Help of Fraktur.” Festival Quarterly (May-July 1981): 34.
__________. Frakturmalen und Schoenschreiben.
Michael S. “Christian L. Hoover (1835-1918):
“Fraktur in the
Noble Heart = O edel Herz: Fraktur and Spirituality in Pennsylvania German Folk
and Vivian, et al.
Henry S. Pennsylvania German Illuminated Manuscripts.
“Calligraphy to Cabinetmaking: The Fraktur and Furniture of Abraham Latschaw (1799- 1870).” Kitchener, Ont.: Joseph Schneider Haus, [date?].
Dietrich Fraktur Collections.”
Corinne Pattie, and Beverly R. Hoch. German-American Family Records in the
Corinne and Russell. Fraktur: Folk Art and Family.
Russell D. Freys on Fraktur (Fraktur and Families Series).
Living Tradition: Perspectives on North American Amish Fraktur.”
for Birth Dayes: Guide to the Fraktur Artists and Scriveners.
A Selective Guide to the Franklin and Marshall Fraktur Collection.
Beatrice B. The Pennsylvania German Collection.
Reginald. Anna’s Art: The Fraktur Art of Anna Weber, a
Sheila. “Pennsylvania German Frakturs in
“The Henry Lapp Paintings.” Festival Quarterly (May-July 1980): 22-23.
Hershey, Mary Jane Lederach, et al. “Andreas Kolb, 1749-1811.” MQR 61 (April 1987): 121-202.
Johnson, David R. “Christian Alsdorff, the ‘Earl Township Artist.’” Der Reggeboge 20 (1986): 45-59.
__________. “Hans Jacob Brubacher, Fraktur Artist.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Jan. 1986): 11-17.
David. Amish Folk Artist Barbara Ebersol: Her Life, Fraktur and Death Record
McCauley, Daniel J. “The Paintings of Henry and Eliza Lapp.” Folk Art (Fall 1994): 53-61.
Richard S. and Rowemarie B. Machmer. Berks County Pennsylvania Fraktur:
Geburts und Taufscheine Artists, Scriveners, Printers.
Henry C. “Survival of the Art of
Illuminating Manuscripts Among the Germans in
__________. “The Survival of the Mediaeval Art of
Illuminative Writing among
Nancy-Lou. “Anna Weber (1814-1888) A Fraktur Painter of
Weber Hat Das Gemacht.” Work Paper No. 20, American Historical Society of
Zeichen Der Zwillinge.”
German Fraktur and Color Drawings Exhibited at
Library. Fraktur Treasures from the Schwenkfelder Library and
Stoltzfus, Louise. Two Amish Folk Artists: The Story of Henry Lapp and Barbara Ebersol. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1995.
Gerald C. Christopher Dock: Colonial Schoolmaster.
Donald R. “Jacob Strickler,
“Wedding Certificates.” Bride’s and Your New Home 59:6 (Dec. 1992): 430-31.
Frederick S. “Baptismal Certificate and Gravemarker; Pennsylvania German Folk
Art at the Beginning and the End of Life.” Perspectives on American Folk Art.
Ed. Jan M.G. Quimby and Scott T. Swank.
__________. “Daniel Schumacker’s Baptismal Record.” Pennsylvania German Society (1968): 185-407.
Gift Is Small, the Love Is Great.
__________. “IAE SD the Story of Johann Adam Eyer (1755-1837), Schoolmaster and Fraktur Artist with a Translation of His Roster Book, 1779-1787.” Pennsylvania German Society (1980), 437-506.
Place of Fraktur Among the Mennonites: An Introduction to the Fraktur
Collection of the
__________. “Tiny Tokens: Small Presentation Fraktur.” Antiques (Feb. 1995): 280-89.
Frederick S., and Howell J. Heaney. The Pennsylvania German Fraktur of the
Free Library of
Carolyn C. “Heritage Focus: A Vorschrift by Jacob Botz.”
Yoder, Don. “Fraktur in Mennonite Culture.” MQR 48 (July 1974): 35-42.
Michael S. Canadian Country Furniture 1675-1950.
Painted Furniture of John and Christian Gerber.”
James and Vivian, et al.
Edna V., and Robert B. Myers. “It’s Not
Weekley, “Notable Accessions at the Abby
Cavanaugh, Rodney G. “Manufactured in Soap Hollow.” Mennonite Family History 29.4 (Oct. 2010): 165-70.
Jane, and Charles R. Muller. “
de Julio, Mary Antoine. “New York-German Painted Chests.” Antiques (May 1985): 1156-65.
Henry, and Barbara Dobson. The Early Furniture of
E. “The Bachman Family of Cabinetmakers, 1766-1897.” Journal of the
Susan, and David Pottinger. “Amish Interiors.” The Quilt Digest, rev.
Enninger, Werner. “Zur Erhaltung deutscher Sprachvarietaten unter den Altamischen.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language 69 (1988): 33-57.
Monroe H. The
Inlay in Pennsylvania German Furniture.”
Fales, Dean A., Jr. American Painted Furniture: 1660-1880. NewYork.: E.P. Dutton, 1972.
Steve. The Life and Times of Emil Kym, a
“From Rockers to Mailboxes to Pies, QVC Sold Them.”
“Gerhard Esau, Artist in Wood.” Mennonite Life (Jan. 1949): 12-13.
“Henry Lapp, Cabinetmaker.” Colonial Homes (May-June 1981): 84-87, 48.
M. “”John Long and John Boyer: Nineteenth-Century Craftsmen in
__________. “Joseph Lehn and Lehnware: Nineteenth Century
Reinhild Kauenhoven. “Mennonite Furnishings: The Dynamics of a Migrant Cultural
Janzen, John and Reinhild Kauenhover Janzen. Mennonite Furniture. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1991.
and Styles of the Material Culture of the Mennonites in the
Stanley. “The Unknown Furniture Master of
Stanley, and Michael S. Bird. “Furniture and Fraktur: An Exhibition of
A Craftsman’s Handbook.
David. “Henry Lapp: Amish Folk Artist and Craftsman.”
__________. “Henry Lapp: Amish Folk Artist and Craftsman.” Family Life (Oct. 1988): 23-27.
by Hand: The
Charles M. Soap Hollow: The Furniture and its Makers.
Furniture of Soap Hollow.”
M., and Patricia D. Musson. Mennonite Furniture: The
Nancy-Lou Gellermann. Swiss-German and Dutch-German Mennonite Traditional
Art in the
Mrs. E. S., and Mrs. John Goldie. “
Philip. The Furniture of Old
G. The Pennsylvania Dutch and Their Furniture.
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Edited by Linda Rouch, June 2010