Mennonite and Amish Folklore and Folk Arts

June 2013

Ervin Beck

Professor Emeritus of English

Goshen College

Goshen,Indiana

 

With thanks to Lon Sherer, Linda Kimpel and Linda Rouch for technical assistance.

To suggest corrections or additions to this bibliography, e-mail: ervinb@goshen.edu

Foreword

Because so many elements of Amish and Mennonite culture are transmitted orally or by customary example, it is often difficult to draw the line between folk and other spheres of Mennonite and Amish culture. Although this bibliography is of necessity selective, it errs in the direction of inclusivity. Some principles used in selecting items for the bibliography include the following:

Secondary reports/analyses prevail, although primary sources are sometimes included for under-researched areas. Similarly, every effort has been made to include all available scholarly studies, although many popular sources are also included.

The bibliography is relatively complete for items published since 1980; less complete for earlier years. A few items lack important bibliographical information; the compiler welcomes corrections by e-mail.

The bibliography does not regularly include items on the Hutterites, nor on Mennonites or Amish in Europe — unless such items deal with aspects of culture that have also been brought to North America. Nor does the bibliography include cookbooks, unless they also contain information on folk cultural contexts.

The borderline between folk and sociological and anthropological studies is problematic. Some sociological and anthropological studies are included, especially if they appear in the annual bibliographies for Folklore published by the Modern Language Association.

Outline of the Bibliography

A. Architecture

B. Beliefs and superstitions

C. Buggies

D. Carvings (wood and stone)

E. Clocks

F. Costumes (including hairstyle)

G. Coverlets

H. Crafts (including occupational)

I. Customs

J. Foods

K. Fraktur

L. Furniture and household furnishings

M. Games and toys

N. Language

O. Legends and Oral History

P. Medicine

Q. Museums

R. Music and Songs

S. Names

T. Needlework

U. Paintings

V. Paper-cuttings

W. Pottery

X. Preaching

Y. Proverbs

Z. Proxemics

AA. Quilts

BB. Rhymes

CC. Tales and Jokes

DD. General/Mixed genres

 

A. Architecture

“Barn Raising at Metamora: A Photographic Essay.” Material Culture (Spring 1989): 47- 56.

Bartel, Lois Franz. “A Pioneer Home.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1962): 162-66.

Boyer, Bruce. “Patterns in Brick.” Americana (Jan.-Feb.1982): 59.

Bucher, Robert C. and Isaac Clarence Kulp, Jr. “Bau-Typen in Goschenhoppen; Eighteenth Century Building Types in Goschenhoppen; a Preliminary Architectural Survey.” The Goschenhoppen Region (1969-1970). 57 pp.

Burkholder, Harry L. The Strasbourg Meeting House. Washington, Pa.: Franklin Mennonite Historical Committee, 1964.

Burns, Deborah Stephens. Pennsylvania Architecture: The Historic American Buildings Survey. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 2000.

Chapple, Nina Perkins. A Heritage of Stone:  Buildings of the Niagara Peninsula. Toronto: Lorimer, 2006.

Dick, Jerry. The Russian Mennonite House-barn of Manitoba: A Study in Cultural Transformations. M.A. thesis, U. of Waterloo, 1984.

Ensminger, Robert F. “A Comparative Study of Pennsylvania and Wisconsin Forebay Barns.” Pennsylvania Folklife 32 (Spring 1983): 98-114.

__________. The Pennsylvania Barn: Its Origin, Evolution and Distribution in North America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1992.

__________. “A Search for the Origin of the Pennsylvania Barn.” Pennsylvania Folklife 30 (Winter 1980-81): 50-71.

Falk, Cynthia G. Architecture and Artifacts of the Pennsylvania Germans:  Constructing Identity in Early America. Publication of the Pennsylvania German Society, Vol. 42. University Park, PA:  Pennsylvania State U., 2008.

Friesen, Rudy P. with Sergey Shmakin. Into the Past: Buildings of the Mennonite Commonwealth. Winnipeg: Roduga, 1996.

Friesen, Steve. A Modest Mennonite Home. Intercourse, PA.: Good Books, 1990.

Godshall, Jeffrey L. “The Traditional Farmhouse of the Franconia Mennonite Community.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Jan. 1983): 22-25.

Kauffman, Henry J. Architecture of the Pennsylvania Dutch Country, 1700-1900. Lancaster, PA: The Author, 1992.

Keates, Nancy. “From Barn Raising to Home Building.”  Wall Street Journal 252: 39 (Aug. 15, 2008): W1-W6.

Keen, R. Martin. “Community and Material Culture among Lancaster Mennonites: Hans Hess from 1717 to 1733.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Jan. 1990): 2-25.

Knoop, Fred. “Master Farmers in Lancaster Co.Mennonite Life (Jan. 1947): 17-23, 43.

Krahn, Cornelius, Don E. Smucker and George Stonebach. [On church architecture.] Educational News Bulletin [Newton, KS] (Feb. 1955).

Lay, K. Edward. “European Antecedents of Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Germanic and Scots-Irish Architecture in America.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Autumn 1982): 2-43.

Ledohowski, Edward M. and David K. Butterfield. Architectural Heritage: Traditional Mennonite Architecture in the Rural Municipality of Stanley. Winnipeg: Department of Culture, Heritage and Recreation Province of Manitoba, 1990.

Lestz, Gerald. “Introduction.” Lancaster County Architecture 1700-1850. Lancaster, PA: Historical Preservation Trust of Lancaster County, 1992.

Lounsberry, Lorrain. “The Farm Home.” Mennonite Traditional Arts of the Waterloo Region and Southern Ontario: A Historical Review. Kitchener, Ont.: Kitchener-Waterloo Art Gallery, 1974. Exhibition catalogue.

Marshall, Jeffrey L. Pennsylvania German Barns of Southeastern Pennsylvania. Morgantown, PA:  Masthof Press, 2006.

[Mennonite Church Architecture Special Issue.] Mennonite Quarterly Review 73:2 (April 1999).

—John Janzen, “Anabaptist-Mennonite Spaces and Places of Worship,” 151-65.

—Leonard Gross, “Building the House of the Lord: Hutterian Architecture as an Expression of the Christian Faith,” 178-92.

—Gradon Snyder, “Christian Meeting Places, Constantinian Basilicas and Anabaptist Restorationism,” 167-77.

—Reinhild Kauenhover Janzen, “Door to the Spiritual: The Visual Arts in Anabaptist-Mennonite Worship,” 367-90.

—John Janzen, “Form and Meaning in Central Kansas Mennonite Buildings for Worship,” 323-53.

—Sebastian Schritt, “Heinrich Johann Freyse’s Renovation of the Krefeld Mennonite Church,” 193-214.

—Keith Sprunger, “History and Theology,” 306-22.

—John Ruth, “‘Only a House . . . Yet It Becomes’: Some Mennonite Traditions of Worship Space,” 235-56.

—Rudy Friesen, “Places of Worship in the Russian Mennonite Commonwealth: Expressions of Conformity, Contradiction and Change,” 257-85.

—Galen Horst-Martz, “Restoring the Germantown Mennonite Meetinghouse: A Process,” 303-5.

—Harold Funk, “Today’s Church Buildings in the Anabaptist-Mennonite Tradition,” 355-66.

—Robert Kreider, “What Then Is the Anabaptist-Mennonite Architecture of Worship and Meeting?” 391-99.

—Piet Visser, “‘Wherever Christ is Among Us We Will Gather’: Mennonite Worship Places in the Netherlands,” 215-33.

—Peter Klassen, “Worship and Churches in the Development of Mennonite Settlements in Paraguay and Brazil,” 286-302.

Miller, Levi, ed. The Meetinghouse of God’s People: Essays on Mennonite Church Architecture. Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Publishing House, 1977.

Musselman, V. Gerald. “Architecture and Our Faith.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1965): 159- 67.

Newswanger, Everett R. “Two Triple-Decker Barns, One Historic Grist Mill: --and Snippets of Amish and Mennonite Beliefs.  [Lancaster, PA:  The Author, c. 2005].

Petterson, Nancy-Lou. “The Tramp Room.” [book?] Waterloo, ON: Friends of Joseph Schneider Haus and Wilfred Laurier U. Press, 1999.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou and Susan Burke. “Mennonite Georgian: The Joseph Schneider Haus, Kitchener, Ontario.” [periodical?] (Nov.-Dec. 1983).

Ravensway, Charles van. The Arts and Architecture of the German Settlements in Missouri. Columbia: U. of Missouri Press, 1977.

Reimer, John C. and Julius G. Toews. “Mennonite Buildings.” In Mennonite Memories: Settling in Western Canada. Ed. Lawrence Klippenstein and Julius G. Toews. Winnipeg: Centennial Publications, 1977. Pp. 114-18.

Reitz, Thomas A. “The Peter Martin House Restoration: A Photographic Essay.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (July 1991): 2-9.

Reynolds, Margaret Clark. “Assimilation and Acculturation in a Pennsylvania-German Landscape: The Nisley Family and Its Architecture in the Lower Swatara Creek Basin.” Thesis, Pennsylvania State U., 1992.

__________. “A Chronicle in Stone and Wood: The Magdalena House and the River Brethren.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (July 1993), 2-10.

Ruth, Phil Johnson. Fifteen Most Historic Properties in Lower Salford Township, Montgomery County, PA. Harleysville, PA: Lower Salford Historical Society, 1990. 19 pp.

Sawatsky, Tamara A. “The Dutch Windmill as Icon of Russian Mennonite Heritage.” MQR 79.2 (April 2005): 191-206.

Schmidt, Richard H. “The Hochfeld Village.” Mennonite Life (March 1985): 12-16.

Schneider, David B. Foundations in a Fertile Soil: Farming and Farm Buildings in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Lancaster, PA: Historic Preservation Trust of Lancaster County, 1994.

Schreiber, William I. “The Pennsylvania Dutch Bank Barn in Ohio.” Journal of the Ohio Folklore Society (Spring 1967): 15-28.

Scott, Stephen. Amish Houses and Barns. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1992.

Shoemaker, Alfred. “Pennsylvania German Barns.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1951): 6-11.

Stauffer, Harry Franklin. “Pennsylvania German Countryside.” Der Reggeboge 17 (1983): 1-32. Photo essay.

Stevens, Bryan J. “The Swiss Bank House Revisited: Messerschmidt-Dietz Cabin.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Winter 1980-81): 78-86.

Stucky, Brian D. “Alexanderwohl Architecture.” Mennonite Life (March 1986): 16-23.

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B. Beliefs and Superstitions

Beck, Ervin. “Mennonite Origin Tales and Beliefs.” MQR 64:1 (Jan. 1990): 32-48.

Doering, John Frederick. “Note on the Dyeing of the Halb Leinich among the Pennsylvania Dutch of Ontario.” Journal of American Folklore 52 (1939): 124-25.

Enninger, Werner. “The Social Construction of Past, Present and Future in the Written and Oral Texts of the Old Order Amish: An Ethno-Semiotic Approach to Social Belief.” Literary Anthropology. Ed. Fernando Poyatos. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1988. Pp. 195-256.

Fogel, Edwin Miller. Beliefs and Superstitions of the Pennsylvania Germans (2nd ed., rev.). Millersville, PA: Center for Pennsylvania-German Studies, 1995.

Geiger, Annamaria. “Communication in American Contexts of Religion: Old Order Amish vs. Born-Agains.” Internal and External Perspectives on Amish and Mennonite Life II. Ed. Werner Enninger, et al. Essen: U. of Essen, 1986. Pp. 148-69.

Kulig, Judith C., et.al. “Childbearing Beliefs Among Low-German-Speaking Mennonite Women.” International Nursing Review 55.4 (December 2008): 420-26.

Lee, Daniel B. Old Order Mennonites: Rituals, Beliefs and Community. Chicago: Burnham, 2000.

Levine, Neil Ann Stuckey.  “Notebook-Keeper Christian Engel (1764-1838) . . .” [remedies].  Mennonite Family History 31:1 (January 2012): 25-32.

Naka, Tomomi. “Faith at Work: Mennonite Beliefs and Occupations.” Ethnology: An International Journal. 47.4 (Fall 2008): 271-89.

Shoemaker, Alfred L. “Amish Folk-Beliefs.” Pennsylvania Dutchman (Sept. 1952): 3-4. Selection from his novel The Amishman.

__________. “Water Witching.” Pennsylvania Dutchman (Fall 1961): 25-27. On Amishman David K. Stoltzfus.

__________. Three Myths about the Pennsylvania Dutch Country: Hex Signs; Seven Sours and Seven Sweets; the Amish Blue Gate. Lancaster, PA: Pennsylvania Dutch Folklore Centre, Franklin and Marshall College, 1951.

Smith, George. “Amish Folk-Beliefs.” Pennsylvania Dutchman (Sept. 1953): 3-4.

Wentz, Richard E. Pennsylvania Dutch Folk Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 1993.

Zook, Lee. “The Amish in America: Conflicts between Cultures.” Journal of American Culture 12:4 (Winter 1989): 29-33.

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C. Buggies

Brown, Waln K. “The Pennsylvania Dutch Carriage Trade.” Pennsylvania Folklife 23 (Spring 1973): 22-36.

Kurtz, Karen B. “His Wheels Roll On.” Heritage Country (Spring-Summer 1985): 23-24.

Scott, Stephen. Plain Buggies: Amish, Mennonite, and Brethren Horse-Drawn Transportation. Lancaster, PA: Good Books, 1981.

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D. Carvings and Sculpture

Barba, Preston A. Pennsylvania German Tombstones. Breinigsville: Pennsylvania German Society, 1954.

Bellafiore, Sharyn, and T. J. Redclay. Amish Farm Animals. Gettysburg, PA: Americana Souvenirs and Gifts, 1992.

Burke, Susan. “Jacob Roth: Folk Artist.” Kitchener, ON: Joseph Schneider Haus, 1989. Exhibit pamphlet.

Hanks, Carole. Early Ontario Gravestones. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1974.

Kobayashi, Terry. “Folk Art in Wood.” Canadian Antiques and Art Review (March 1980): 26-30.

__________. “Fred Hoffman (1844-1926): Waterloo County Itinerant Woodcarver.” Waterloo Historical Society Annual Report (1981): 111-26.

__________. “David B. Horst (1873-1975): St. Jacobs Woodcarver.” Waterloo County Historical Society Annual Report (1977): 78-92.

Neal, Avon, and Ann Parker. Ephemeral Folk Figures. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1969.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou. “Death and Ethnicity: Swiss-German Mennonite Gravestones of the ‘Pennsylvania Style’ (1804-54) in the Waterloo Region, Ontario.” Mennonite Life (Sept. 1982): 4-7.

Waltner, Lena. “Woodcarving Elma Waltner.” Mennonite Life (April 1952): 63-64.

Wootten, Richard. David L. Hostetler, the Carver. Athens: Ohio U. Press, 1992.

Wust, Klaus. Folk Art in Stone. Edinburgh, Va.: Shenandoah History, 1970.

Zehner, Olive G. “Amish Sculpture.” Pennsylvania Dutchman (1956-57): 20-21.

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E. Clocks

“Clock Restorations Mark Passage of Time.” The Mennonite 10 Jan. 2000.

Gibbs, James W. “Religious Sect Clockmakers, Part 1.” National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors Bulletin 167 (Dec. 1973): 44-47; “Part 2.” 168 (Feb. 1974): 168-74.

Hamms, James O.  “The Mennonite Clockmakers of Prussia and Russia,” Mennonite Historian 34:2 (June 2008): 1.

__________.  “The Search for Jacob Mandtler, Clockmaker,” Mennonite Life (Summer 2010).  Online.

Janzen, Reinhild Kauenhoven. “Keeping Faith and Keeping Time: Old Testament Images on Mennonite Clocks.” Mennonite Life 55:4 (Dec. 2000).  Online.

Kroeger, Arthur. “Kroeger Clocks.” Winnipeg: [n.p., n.d.]. 20 pp. Mimeographed copy in Mennonite Historical Library, Goshen, Indiana.

__________.  Kroeger Clocks.  Winnipeg:  Mennonite Heritage Village, 2012.

Kroeker, Wally. “Marking Time.” Mennonite Historical Bulletin 60:3 (July 1999): 14-16.

LaFond, Edward F., Jr., and J. Carter Harris.  Pennsylvania Shelf and Bracket Clocks 1750-1850.  Columbia, PA:  National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors, 2008.

Peters, John W. “Russian Wall Clocks Built Again.” Festival Quarterly (Feb.-April 1980): 22.

Wood, Stacy B. Clockmakers and Watchmakers of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Lancaster, PA: Lancaster County Historical Society, 1995.

Wood, Stacy B. C., Jr., and Stephen E. Kramer III. Clockmakers of Lancaster County and their Clocks, 1750-1850. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1977.

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F. Costume

Arthur, Linda Boynton. “Cloth, Constraint and Creativity: The Engendering of Material Culture Among the Holdeman Mennonites.” Conrad Grebel Review 17.3 (Fall 1999): 32-51.

__________. “Clothing Is a Window to the Soul: The Social Control of Women in a Holdeman Mennonite Community.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 15 (1997): 11-30.

Baldwin, Sioux. “Amish Plain Costume; a Matter of Choice.” Pennsylvania Folklife 19 (1970): 10-17.

Bates, Mary Ann Miller. “Insubordinate Anabaptists in Virtuous Clothing? Amish Anabaptists as Model Subjects in the Context of Bernese Sumptuary and Moral Mandates.”  MQR 82.4 (Oct. 2008): 517-32.

Boynton, Linda. “Attire as an Expression of Roles among Holdeman Mennonite Women.” Women in Anthropology Symposium Papers, 1980-81. Sacramento: Sacramento Anthropological Society, 1983.

Brunk, Teresa. Sewing for Conservative Men. Harrisonburg, Va.: Christian Light, 1994.

Emerson, Catherine L. West. “Clothing the Pennsylvania Mennonite Woman in the Eighteenth Century.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (April 1997): 2-19.

Enninger, Werner. “Clothing.” International Encyclopedia of Communications I. Ed. Erik Barnouw, et al. New York: Oxford U. Press, 1989. Pp. 305-12.

__________. “The Design Features of Clothing Codes: The Functions of Clothing Displays in Interaction.” Ars Semeiotics 8:1/2 (1985): 81-110.

__________. “The Semiotic Structure of Amish Folk Costume: Its Function in the Organization of Face-to-face Interaction.” Multimedia Communication I. Ed. Ernest W.B. Hess-Luttich. Tubingen: Gunter Narr, c. 1982.

__________. “Structural and Pragmatic Properties of Grooming and Garment Grammars.” Semiotics Unfolding 1 (1984): 467-75.

Epp, Marlene. “Carrying the Banner of Nonconformity: Ontario Mennonite Women and the Dress Question.” The Conrad Grebel Review 8.3 (1990): 237-58.

Gehret, Ellen J. Rural Pennsylvania Clothing. York, PA: George Shumway, 1976.

Gingerich, Melvin. “Change and Uniformity in Mennonite Attire.” MQR 70 (Oct. 1966): 243-59.

__________. Mennonite Attire Through Four Centuries. Breinigsville, Pa.: Pennsylvania German Society, 1970.

Graybill, Beth E. “‘To Remind Us of Who We Are’: An Ethnographic Exploration of Women’s Dress and Gender Roles in a Conservative Mennonite Community.” (Master’s Thesis, U. of Maryland, 1995).

Hamilton, Jean A. aand Jana M. Hawley. “Sacred Dress, Public Worlds: Amish and Mormon Experiences and Commitment.” In Religion, Dress and the Body, ed. Linda Arthur. Oxford: Berg, 1999. Pp. 31-51.

Hershey, Mary Jane. “A Study of the Dress of the Old Mennonites of the Franconia Conference, 1700-1953.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Summer 1958): 24-47.

Hostetler, John A. “Amish Costume: Its European Origins.” The American-German Review (Aug.-Sept. 1956): 11-14.

Huyett, Laura. “Straw Hat Making Among the Old Order Amish.” Pennsylvania Dutchman (Fall 1961): 40-41.

Klees, Frederic. “Bonnets and Broadbrims.” Saturday Evening Post 26 Jan. 1957, 22- 23.

Legoues, Thierry. “Fundamentals Now and Always.” Harper’s Bazaar 3381 (Aug. 1993): 158-64.

McGrath, William. “Why I Wear a Beard.” Hayesville, N.C.: The Author, 1968.

__________. Why We Wear Plain Clothes. Minerva, O.: The Author, 1981.

Miller, E. Jane. “Origin, Development and Trends of the Dress of the Plain People of Lancaster County.” Thesis, Cornell U., 1943.

Nystrom, Dick. “The Amish Aesthetic.” Esquire 120:2 (Aug. 1993): 107.

Plancke, Fritz. “The Evolution of Clothing Trends Among the Amish: An Interpretation.” Internal and External Perspectives on Amish and Mennonite Life, I. Ed. Werner Enninger. Essen: Unipress, 1984.

Plett, Lynette Sarah. “Refashioning Kleine Gemeinde Mennonite Women’s Dress in Kansas and Manitoba: A Textual Crazy Quilt.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 26 (2008): 111-32.

Regier, Amy. “Revising the Plainness of Whiteness.” Mennonite Life 57:2 (June 2002).  Online.

Schmidt, Kimberly. “Schism:  Where Women’s Outside Work and Insider Dress Collided.” In Strangers at Home: Amish and Mennonite Women in History. Ed. Kimberly D. Schmidt, et al. Baltimore:  The Johns Hopkins U. Press, 2002.

Umble, John. “Memoirs of an Amish Bishop.” MQR 22 (April 1948): 94-115.

Von Unwerth, Ellen. “The Great Plain.” Vogue 183:8 (Aug. 1993): 278-92.

Weaver, Laura. “Forbidden Fancies: A Child’s Version of Mennonite Plainness.” Mennonite Life (June 1988): 20-23.

__________. “Plain Clothes Revisited: Empathy for Muslim Women.” Mennonite Life 57:2 (June 2002).  Online.

__________. “Writing about the Covering and Plain Clothes as a Mennonite ‘Family Possession.’” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1994): 4-7.

__________. “When the Strings Go, Everything Goes: The Metamorphosis of a Mennonite Cap.” Mississippi Folklore Register 21 (Spring-Fall 1987): 41-54.

Weiser, Frederick S. “The Clothing of the “White Top” Amish of Central Pennsylvania.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 21:3 (July 1998): 2-10.

Yoder, Don. “The Costumes of the ‘Plain People.’” Pennsylvania Dutchman (Aug. 1952): 6-7.

__________. “Folk Costume.” Folklore and Folklife. Ed. Richard M. Dorson. Chicago: U. of Chicago Press, 1972. Pp. 293-323.

__________. “Men’s Costumes Among the Plain People.” Pennsylvania Dutchman (Easter 1953): 6-9.

__________. “Sectarian Costume Research in the United States.” Forms Upon the Frontier. Ed. Austin E. Fife. Logan, UT: Utah State U. Press, 1969.

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G. Coverlets

Anderson, Clarita. American Coverlets and Their Weavers... Including a Dictionary of More Than 700 Coverlet Weavers. Williamsburg, VA: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 2002.

__________. “Ohio Coverlets in the Stuck Collection.” Antiques (March 1995): 418-27.

Bird, Michael S. “Friedrich K. Ploethner (1826-1883): Cabinet-maker and Weaver.” Canadian Collector (May/June 1980): 28-32.

Bixel, Phyllis. “Pennsylvania German Coverlets.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1950): 34.

Burnham, Harold B. and Dorothy K. Burnham. “Keep Me Warm One Night”: Early Handweaving in Eastern Canada. Toronto: U. of Toronto Press, 1972.

Heisy, John W., comp. A Checklist of American Coverlet Weavers. Williamsburg, VA: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1978.

Hersh, Tandy and Charles Hersh. Rural Pennsylvania German Weaving 1833-1857; and the Christian Frey and Henry Small, Jr. Patterns Books. Carlisle, PA: Authors, 2001.

Montgomery, Pauline. Indiana Coverlet Weavers and Their Coverlets. Indianapolis: Hoosier Heritage Press, 1974.

__________. “Master Coverlet Weavers of Indiana.” Yearbook of the Society of Indiana Pioneers. Indianapolis: Hoosier Heritage Press, 1974.

Rabb, Kate Milner. “Indiana Coverlets and Coverlet Weavers.” Indiana Historical Society Publications, 6:8 Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1928.

Reinert, Guy F. “Coverlets of the Pennsylvania Germans.” Yearbook of the Pennsylvania German Folklore Society, 13. Allentown, PA: Pennsylvania German Folklore Society, 1949.

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H. Crafts

Barrick, Mac E. “David Stoner: Notes on a Neglected Craftsman.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Winter 1970-71): 16-20.

Butler, J. D. “The Mennonite Stove.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1949): 16-17.

Cavanaugh, Rodney G.  “John Ziegler, Organ Builder.”  Mennonite Family History 30.3 (July 2011): 156-57.

__________.  “Coal and Coke and Mennonites.” Mennonite Family History 30.4 (Oct. 2011): 212-23.

“Consider the Ancient Water Wheel Life.” Countryside & Small Stock Journal 80:4 (July/Aug. 1996): 55.

Ediger, Glen E.  Leave No Threshing Stone Unturned.  Newton, KS:  Author, 2012.

Gingerich, Melvin. “Mint Farming in Northern Indiana.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1949): 40- 41.

Glick, Maggie. “Horses with Heart.” Heritage Country (Spring-Summer 1985): 18-20.

Haverstick, Tony. “Pennsylvania German Bookbinding and Anabaptist Bookbinders.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 23:3 (July 2000): 8-14.

Hawn, Carleen. “A Second Parting of the Red Sea.” Forbes 161:5 (Mar. 1998): 138-42.

Hollands, Mara. “Garden to Table: Continuity and Change in the Gardens of Waterloo’s Mennonites.” From Pennsylvania to Waterloo. Ed. Susan M. Burke and Matthew H. Hill. Kitchener, ON: Joseph Schneider Haus, 1991.

Homan, Wayne E. “How Kansas Got Winter Wheat.” Liberty (Jan.-Feb. 1971): 20-21.

Hornberger, Patrick and John Kolar.  The Lancaster Long Rifle at the Landis Valley Village & Farm Museum.  Trapp, MD: Eastwind, 2012.

Keen, R. Martin.  “Christian Hess, Mennonite Gunsmith.”  Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 35.2 (April 2012): 18-26.

Keyser, Alan G.  “Flachsbu/Growing and Processing Flax.”  Pennsylvania Mennonie Heritage 35:2 (April 2012): 27-36.

__________. “Gardens and Gardening Among the Pennsylvania Germans.” Pennsylvania Folklife 20 (Spring 1971): 2-15.

__________.  “Harvesting Ice Years Ago—and Fishing in Winter.”  Pennsylvnia Mennonite Heritage 35:1 (January 2012): 29-31.

Lasansky, Jeannette. “Pennsylvania-German Round-Rod Oak Baskets.” Antiques (April 1984): 886-95.

Levine, Neil Ann Stuckey.  ”German Plums.”  Mennonite Family History 28:3 (July 2009): 128-38.

Lockwood, Annette. “Amish Cottage Industries.” Pennsylvania Folklife 41:2 (Winter 1991-92): 95-96.

Long, Amos. “Bakeovens in the Pennsylvania Folk-Culture.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Dec. 1964): 16-29.

__________. The Pennsylvania German Family Farm. Breinigsville, Pa.: The Pennsylvania German Society, 1972.

Luthy, David. “Martin Printers.” MQR 51 (April 1977): 152-62.

__________. “Metal Initial and Date Plates on Amish and Mennonite Books.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Jan. 1984): 2-8.

__________.  “Metal Initial and Date Plates on Amish and Mennonite Books Known to Exist in North America.”  Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 35:3 (July 2012): 2-14.

O’Connor, Malachi S. “The Ethics of Craftsmanship among the Lancaster County Amish.” Craft and Community: Traditional Arts in Contemporary Society. Ed. Shalom D. Staub. Philadelphia: Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, 1988. Pp. 87-98.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou. “Mennonite Gardens.” Canadian Antiques (Sept. 1980) : 36-39.

Schmidt, Orlando. “Mennonite Organ Builders You May Not Know.” Festival Quarterly (Nov.-Dec. 1978, Jan. 1979): 31.

Schultz, Carolyn, and Adelia Stuckey. Wheat Weaving Made Easy. North Newton, KS: Mennonite Press, 1977.

Shenton, Donald R. “The Balance of the Sowing of the Seed.” Keystone Folklore Quarterly (Winter 1956-57).

Teichroew, Allan. “As Far as the Eye Can See: Some Depression Photos of Mennonite Farmers.” Mennonite Life (Sept. 1978): 4-15.

Waltner, Willard, and Elma Waltner. Year Round Hobbycraft. New York: Lantern Press, 1968.

Wandel, Johanna. “An Analysis of Stability and Change in an Old Order Mennonite Farming System in Waterloo Region, Ontario.” Diss., U. of Guelph, 1995.

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I. Customs

“The Amish at Auction.” Country Living 14:4 (Apr. 1991): 84-5.

“Amish Raise a Barn.” Life 29 Aug. 1949, 30.

Beck, Herbert H. “Mennonite Wedding.” Pennsylvania Dutchman 5 Feb. 1954, 2.

Bernstein, Barbara E. “A Cross-Cultural Study of Sixth-Graders’ New Year’s Resolutions; Middle Class Versus Mennonite and Amish Youth.”   Social Behavior and Personality 5:2 (1977): 209-15.

Blum, Peter C. “Heidegger’s Shoes and Beautiful Feet: Ritual Meaning and Cultural Portability.” MQR 79:1 (January 2005): 89-108.

Brednich, Rolf Wilhelm. The Bible and the Plow: The Lives of a Hutterite Minister and a Mennonite Farmer. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1981.

Brown, Joshua R.  “An Amish Mortuary Ritual at the Intersection of Cultural Anthropology and Lexicography.”  In William D. Keel and C. Richard Bean, eds.  The Language and Culture of the Pennsylvania Germans:  A Festschrift for Earl C. Haag.  Society for German-American Studies, 2010.  Pp. 85-100.

Canas Bottos, Lorenzo. “Transformations of Old Colony Mennonites:  The Making of a Trans-statal Community.”  Global Networks 8.2 (April 2008): 214-31.

“Christmas Memories.” Festival Quarterly (Nov.-Dec.1978, Jan. 1979), 16-17.

Cressman, Arnold. “Can Anything Be Learned From the Lot?” Festival Quarterly (Feb.- April 1981), 13-19.

Dana, Leo-Paul and Teresa E. Dana. “Collective Entrepreneurship in a Mennonite Community in Paraguay.”  Latin American Business Review 8.4 (2007): 82-96.

Denlinger, Rhoda Horning. “Metzler’s School, Then and Now.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Autumn 1988): 14-23.

“Dis-quest: Symbols: What Symbols are Important to Your Group?” Festival Quarterly (Aug.-Oct. 1980), 20-21.

Gingrich, Luann Good and Ernie Lightman. “Mediating Communities and Cultures:  A Case Study of Informal Helpers in an Old Order Mennonite Community.” Families in Society 85.4 (Oct. – Dec. 2004): 511-20.

__________. “Striving Toward Self-Sufficiency: A Qualitative Study of Mutual Aid in an Old Order Mennonite Community.” Family Relations 55.2 (April 2006):  175-89.

Gougler, Richard C. “Amish Barn-Raising.” Pennsylvania Folklife 21 (1972 Supp.): 14-18.

__________. “Amish Weddings.” Pennsylvania Folklife 20 (Folk Festival Issue 1973): 12-13.

__________. “The Amish Wedding.” Pennsylvania Folklife 30 (Summer 1981): 14-16.

__________. “The Shunning.” Pennsylvania Folklife 28 (1979 Supp.): 6-7.

Grider, Donald M. “The Philopena Album of Harriet Musser Grider (1837-1923) of West Hempfield Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Jan. 1997): 30-39.

Hampton, Wilborn. “A Country Horse Auction.” New York Times 15 Sept. 1996, XX8.

Hark, Ann. “Amish Christmas.” American-German Review (Dec. 1959/Jan. 1960).

Henderson, Stuart. “’While There is Still Time’:  J. Murray Gibbon and the Spectacle of Difference in Three CPR Folk Festivals, 1928-31.” Journal of Canadian Studies 39:1 (Winter 2005):  139-74.

Hoover, Amos B.  “A Letter Defining Old Order Mennonite Worship in the Nineteenth Century.”  In William D. Keel and C. Richard Bean, eds.  The Language and Culture of the Pennsylvania Germans:  A Festschrift for Earl C. Haag.  Society for German-American Literature, 2010.  Pp. 47-56.

Horst, Isaac R. A Separate People: An Insider’s View of Old Order Mennonite Customs and Traditions. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2000.

Hostetler, John A. “The Amish Use of Symbols and their Function in Bounding the Community.” The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (1963): 11-22.

Hunter, David. Teen Life Among the Amish and Other Alternative Communities:  Choosing a Lifestyle. Philadelphia: Mason Crest, 2007.

Hurd, James P. “Marriage Practices Among the ‘Nebraska’ Amish of Mifflin County.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (April 1997): 20-24.

Huxman, Susan Schultz and Gerald Biesecker-Mast.  „In the World but not of It:  Mennonite Traditions as Resources for Rhetorical Invention.“   Rhetoric and Public Affairs 7:4 (Winter 2004):  539-54.

Janzen, Reinhild Kauenhoven. “‘To Help Us Think of God’: Iconic Versus Anti-Iconic Mennonite Celebrations of Christmas and Easter in Kansas.” MQR 79.2 (April 2005): 207-30.

Jentsch, Theodore W. “Kutztown’s Plain People.” Pennsylvania Folklife (1978 Supp.): 8-11.

Kauffman, Dave. “A Day on the Bread Route: A Letter from Dave Kauffman.” Heritage Country (Fall-Winter 1983): 6-7.

Kraus, Jetta. Jacob’s Ladder: Einfluss der Religion auf das Alltagsleben einer Old Order Amisch-Gemeinde in Ohio/USA. Frankfurt: fin-Druck, Kachew, 1993.

Kniss, Fred. Disquiet in the Land: Conflict over Ideas and Symbols among American Mennonites, 1870-1985. Diss., U. of Chicago, 1992.

Kreider, Robert. “Four Moments of Worship Around the World.” Festival Quarterly (Feb.-April 1981): 12-14.

Kulp, Isaac Clarence, Jr. “Christmas Customs of the Goschenhoppen Region.” The Goschenhoppen Region (Allen Heil Issue 1968): 4-11.

Lasansky, Jeannette. A Good Start: The Aussteier or Dowry. Lewisburg, Pa.: Oral Traditions, 1990.

Lee, Daniel. Old Order Mennonites: Rituals, Beliefs, and Community. Chicago: Burnham, 2000.

Liechty, Joseph C. “Humility.” MQR 54 (Jan. 1980): 5-32.

Ludwig, G. M. “Barn Raising Modern Version.” Iowa’s Farm and Home Register 2 Oct. 1949, 4-H.

Macnaughton, Elizabeth. “Farming among Old Order Mennonites of Ontario in the Early Twentieth Century.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (July 1991): 10-17.

Martin, Aaron. “Courtship and Marriage Practices of Lancaster County Mennonites.” Mennonite Life (Jan. 1962): 31-35.

Meindl, Jorg.  “Solving the Preacher’s Dilemma:  Communication Strategies in Old Order Amish Sermons.”  In William D. Keel and C. Richard Bean, eds.  The Language and Culture of the Pennsylvania Germans:  A Festschrift for Earl C. Haag.  Society for German-American Studies, 2010.  Pp. 123-38.

Miller, R.M. “New Holland Horse Auction.” Western Horseman (Nov. 1988): 1.

Mountain Lake Gopher Historians. Off the Mountain Lake Range: A Collection of Old Recipes and Customs Brought to this Country by the Early Settlers of this Community. Mt. Lake, MN: MLGH, 1958.

Roth, Dwight E. “The Journey of Life: Aspects of Older Adulthood Among the Old Order Amish.” Journal of Aging and Identity 2.1 (Mar 1997): 59-78.

Schreiber, William I. “Amish Wedding Days.”  Journal of American Folklore (1960): 12-17.

Shachtman, Tom. Rumspringa:  To Be or Not to Be Amish. NY: North Point Press, 2007.

Schmidt, Kimberly D. “‘Sacred Farming’ or ‘Working Out,’ The Negotiated Lives of Conservative Mennonite Farm Women.” Frontiers:  A Journal of Women Studies. 22:1 (2001): 79-102.

Scott, Stephen. The Amish Wedding and Other Special Occasions of Old Order Communities. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1988.

Shearer, Tobin Miller.  “Chickens, Crops and Tractors:  The Use of Machines as Sacred Symbols in Mennonite Fresh Air Hosting Programs.”  Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture 4:3 (Sept. 2010): 153-81.

Shoemaker, Alfred Lewis. Eastertide in Pennsylvania: A Folk-Cultural Study. Foreword and afterword by Don Yoder. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2000.

Smith, Elmer Lewis. Bundling Among the Amish. Lebanon, Pa.: Applied Arts Publishers, 1977.

Stewart, Doug. “For the Best Show in the Country, Check Out a Farm Auction.” Smithsonian 25:5 (Aug. 1994): 38-46.

Tortora, Vincent R. “Amish Funerals.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Sept. 1997): 132-36.

Wiebe, Katie Funk.  “The Quest for a Proper Burial:  How My Family Buried Their Dead.”  Journal of Mennonite Studies 25 (2007):  215-28.

Wenger, Mark R. “Anointing the Sick with Oil in the Mennonite Church: An Exercise in Practical Theology.” Diss., Union Theological Seminary in Virgina, 2000.

__________. “The Origins and Development of Anointing Among Nineteenth-Century Mennonites.” MQR 79:1 (Jan, 2005): 19-50.  On powwow and anointing.

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J. Food

Bailey-Dick, Matthew. “The Kitchenhood of all Believers: A Journey into the Discourse of Mennonite Cookbooks.” MQR 79.2 (April 2005): 153-78.

Bongiovanni, Marie G. “Smoky and Old World.” Americana (June 1988): 35-38.

Coblentz, Elizabeth with Kevin Williams. The Amish Cook: Recollections and Recipes from an Old Order Amish Family. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press, 2002.

Colley, David. “Farm Fresh and Friendly.” Americana (July-Aug. 1985): 38-41.

Emerson, Catherine L. “The Hearth Is Where the Cook Is.” Pennsylvania Folklife 40 (Spring 1991): 116-18.

Fabricant, Florence. “Amish Market East.” New York Times 3 June 1998, F2.

Herr, Joann M and Jonel M. H. Ness.  “Great-Grandpa Bucher’s Walnut-Custard Pie.”  Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 35.1 (Jan. 2012): 32-33.

Marin, Rick. “From Gravy to Jus, Now ‘Amish’ is Trendy.” New York Times 17 Mar. 1999, F1.

Mehegan, Sean. “The Modest Merchants.” Restaurant Business 95:6 (April 1996): 57-58.

Prystuysa, Steve. “Diversity and Flux in Manitoba Mennonite Material Culture.” Just for Nice: German-Canadian Folk Art. Ed. Magnus Einarsson and Helga B. Taylor. Hull: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1993. Pp. 28-34.

Robacher, Earl F. Pennsylvania German Cooky Cutters and Cookies. Plymouth Meeting, PA: Mrs. C. Naaman Keyser, 1946.

Seitz, Ruth Hoover. “Historian at the Stove.” Americana (Jan.-Feb. 1984).

Tiessen, Paul. “[T]here are certain things Mennonite children are kept from seeing’:  Sexuality, Seeing, and Saying in Rudy Wiebe’s Of This Earth and Peace Shall Destroy Many.Journal of Mennonite Studies 26 (2008):  133-42.

Trillin, Calvin. American Fried. New York: Doubleday, 1974.

Trollinger, Rebekah. “The Pleasure of Habit:  Holy Frustrations in Mennonite Kitchens.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 81.4 (Oct. 2007): 531-48.

Yoder, Don. “Historical Sources for American Traditional Cookery: Examples from the Pennsylvania German Culture.” Pennsylvania Folklife 20 (Spring 1971): 16-29.

__________. Hex Signs: Pennsylvania Dutch Barn Symbols and Their Meaning, rev. ed. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2000.

__________. “Amish Haystack Dinner.” Good Housekeeping (Feb. 1996): 134.

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K. Fraktur

Abrahams, Ethel. “Anna’s Wuensche.” Mennonite Life (June 1979): 21-25.

__________. The Art of Fraktur Schriften among the Dutch-German Mennonites. Thesis, Wichita State U., 1975.

__________. “Learning Arithmetic with the Help of Fraktur.” Festival Quarterly (May-July 1981): 34.

__________. Frakturmalen und Schoenschreiben. North Newton, KS: The Author, 1980.

Amsler, Cory M. ed. Bucks County Fraktur. Doylestown, PA: Bucks County Historical Society, c. 2001.

__________. “Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Fraktur.” Antiques (April 1998): 582-91.

Beck, Ervin.  “The Family Registers of Conrad Schlunegger.”  Mennonite Family History July 2013: 108-14.

Bird, Michael S. “Christian L. Hoover (1835-1918): Markham Township Fraktur Artist.” Canadian Collector (July-Aug. 1977): 28-31.

___________. “Fraktur in the Niagara Peninsula.” Circa 76 (June 1977).

__________. O Noble Heart = O edel Herz: Fraktur and Spirituality in Pennsylvania German Folk Art. Virginia Beach, VA: Donning Co., 2002.

__________. “Ontario Fraktur.” Antiques (Sept. 1983): 538-47.

__________. Ontario Fraktur: A Pennsylvania German Folk Art Tradition in Early Canada. Toronto: M.F. Feheley, 1977.

__________. “Ontario Fraktur Art, A Decorative Tradition in Three Germanic Settlements.” Ontario History (Dec. 1976): 247-72.

__________. “Three Waterloo County Fraktur Artists.” Waterloo Historical Society Annual Report (1976), 78-79.

Bonson, Jems and Vivian, et al. Pennsylvania Folk Art of Samuel Plank. Allensville, PA: Kishacoquillas Valley Historical Society, 1994.

Borneman, Henry S. Pennsylvania German Illuminated Manuscripts. New York: Dover Publications, 1964.

“Calligraphy to Cabinetmaking: The Fraktur and Furniture of Abraham Latschaw (1799- 1870).” Kitchener, Ont.: Joseph Schneider Haus, [date?].

“The Dietrich Fraktur Collections.” Hagerstown, MD: Washington County Museum of Fine Arts, 1989.

Earnest, Corinne Pattie, and Beverly R. Hoch. German-American Family Records in the Fraktur Tradition. Albuquerque: Russell D. Earnest, 1991.

__________.  The Genealogist’s Guide to Fraktur: For Genealogists Researching Families of German Heritage.  2nd ed.

Earnest, Corinne and Russell.  Fraktur: Folk Art and Family. Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 1999.

____________. The Heart of the Taufschein:  Fraktur and the Pivotal Role of Berks County, Pennsylvania.  Kutztown, PA:  The Pennsylvania German Society, 2012.

___________ .  To the Latest Posterity:  Pennsylvania-German Family Registers in the Fraktur Tradition.  University Park, PA:  Pennsylvania State University Press, 2004.

__________. “A Living Tradition: Perspectives on North American Amish Fraktur.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 23:1 (Jan. 2000): 2-12.

__________. Papers for Birth Dayes: Guide to the Fraktur Artists and Scriveners. Albuquerque: R. D. Earnest, c. 1989; also East Berlin, PA: R. D. Earnest, 1997.

Earnest, Russell D. Freys on Fraktur (Fraktur and Families Series). East Berlin, PA: Russell D. Earnest Associates, 2000.

Fraktur: A Selective Guide to the Franklin and Marshall Fraktur Collection. Lancaster, PA: Franklin and Marshall College, 1987.

Garvan, Beatrice B. The Pennsylvania German Collection. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1982.

Good, Edgar Reginald. Anna’s Art: The Fraktur Art of Anna Weber, a Waterloo County Mennonite Artist, 1814-1888. Kitchener, ON: Pochauna Publications, 1976.

__________. “Isaac Ziegler Hunsicker: Ontario Schoolmaster and Fraktur Artist.” Pennsylvania Folklife 26 (Spring 1977): 2-8.

__________. Waterloo County Itinerant Fraktur Artists. Kitchener, Ont.: Pochauna, 1977.

Greenspan, Sheila. “Pennsylvania German Frakturs in Canada.” Thesis, U. of Toronto, 1968.

Gunnon, Vernon S., and Carroll J. Hopf. Pennsylvania German Fraktur. Lancaster, PA: Pennsylvania Farm Museum of Landis Valley, 1967.

“The Henry Lapp Paintings.” Festival Quarterly (May-July 1980): 22-23.

Hershey, Mary Jane Lederach, et al. “Andreas Kolb, 1749-1811.” MQR 61 (April 1987): 121-202.

Johnson, David R. “Christian Alsdorff, the ‘Earl Township Artist.’” Der Reggeboge 20 (1986): 45-59.

__________. “Hans Jacob Brubacher, Fraktur Artist.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Jan. 1986): 11-17.

Kline, Robert M. And Frederick S. Weiser, eds. “A Fraktur Fest III“ in Der Reggebogge 4.3-4 (1970).  “Hidden Treasures in the Mennonite Heritage Center Fraktur Collection“ and “’My Work is Symbolical’:John D. Souder’s Fraktur, 1937-1942.“

Lichten, Frances. Fraktur: The Illuminated Manuscripts of the Pennsylvania Dutch. Philadelphia: The Free Library of Philadelphia, 1958.

Luthy, David. Amish Folk Artist Barbara Ebersol: Her Life, Fraktur and Death Record Book. Lancaster, PA: Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society, 1995.

McCauley, Daniel J. “The Paintings of Henry and Eliza Lapp.” Folk Art (Fall 1994): 53-61.

Machmer, Richard S. and Rowemarie B. Machmer. Berks County Pennsylvania Fraktur: Geburts und Taufscheine Artists, Scriveners, Printers. Readings, PA: Historical Society of Berks County, 2001.

Mercer, Henry C.  “Survival of the Art of Illuminating Manuscripts Among the Germans in Eastern Pennsylvania.”  Science (n.s.) 6:142 (Sept. 17, 1897): 447-48.

__________.  “The Survival of the Mediaeval Art of Illuminative Writing among Pennsylvania Germans.”  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 36:156 (Dec. 1897): 424-33.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou. “Anna Weber (1814-1888) A Fraktur Painter of Waterloo County, Ontario.” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1975), 15-19.

__________. “Anna Weber Hat Das Gemacht.” Work Paper No. 20, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Spring 1976): 50-54.

__________. “Im Zeichen Der Zwillinge.” Waterloo Historical Society Annual Volume, 1975. Kitchener, ON: Waterloo Historical Society, 1976. Pp. 52-62.

“Pennsylvania German Fraktur and Color Drawings Exhibited at Pennsylvania Farm Museum of Landis Valley, Lancaster, Pa., May 19-June 30, 1969.” Lancaster, PA: Landis Valley Associates, 1969. 69 pp.

Schwenkfelder Library. Fraktur Treasures from the Schwenkfelder Library and Heritage Center Collection May 22 - September 30, 2001. Pennsburg, PA: Schwenkfelder Library and Heritage Center [2001].

Stoltzfus, Louise. Two Amish Folk Artists: The Story of Henry Lapp and Barbara Ebersol. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1995.

Studer, Gerald C. Christopher Dock: Colonial Schoolmaster. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1967.

Walters, Donald R. “Jacob Strickler, Shenandoah County, Virginia, Fraktur Artist.” Antiques (Sept. 1976): 536-43.

“Wedding Certificates.” Bride’s and Your New Home 59:6 (Dec. 1992): 430-31.

Weiser, Frederick S. “Baptismal Certificate and Gravemarker; Pennsylvania German Folk Art at the Beginning and the End of Life.” Perspectives on American Folk Art. Ed. Jan M.G. Quimby and Scott T. Swank. New York: W.W. Norton, 1980.

__________. “Daniel Schumacker’s Baptismal Record.” Pennsylvania German Society (1968): 185-407.

__________. The Gift Is Small, the Love Is Great. York, Pa.: York Graphic Service, 1994.

__________. “IAE SD the Story of Johann Adam Eyer (1755-1837), Schoolmaster and Fraktur Artist with a Translation of His Roster Book, 1779-1787.” Pennsylvania German Society (1980), 437-506.

__________. “The Place of Fraktur Among the Mennonites: An Introduction to the Fraktur Collection of the Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 4 (Jan. 1981): 2-9.

__________. “Tiny Tokens: Small Presentation Fraktur.” Antiques (Feb. 1995): 280-89.

Weiser, Frederick S., and Howell J. Heaney. The Pennsylvania German Fraktur of the Free Library of Philadelphia. Breinigsville, Pa.: The Pennsylvania German Society and the Free Library of Philadelphia, 1976.

Wenger, Carolyn C. “Heritage Focus: A Vorschrift by Jacob Botz.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 25.3 (July 2002): 29-30.

Yoder, Don. “Fraktur in Mennonite Culture.” MQR 48 (July 1974): 35-42.

__________ .  The Pennsylvania German Broadside:  A History and Guide.  University Park, PA:  Pennsylvania State University Press, 2005.

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L. Furniture

Bell, Gary P. Joseph Lehn, Woodturner. Lancaster, PA: Scaff Library, Lancaster Theological Seminary, 1967.

Bird, Michael S. Canadian Country Furniture 1675-1950. Toronto: Stoddart, 1994.

__________. “The Painted Furniture of John and Christian Gerber.” Waterloo Historical Society (1981): 26-31.

Bonson, James and Vivian, et al. Pennsylvania Folk Art of Samuel L. Plank. Allensville, PA.: Kishacoquillas Valley Historical Society, 1994.

Brendlinger, Edna V., and Robert B. Myers. “It’s Not Johnstown It’s Soap Hollow.” Ohio Antiques Review (Oct. 1980): 37-42; (Nov. 1980): 37-41.

Carolyn, J. Weekley, “Notable Accessions at the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, Virginia.” Antiques (Sept. 1984): 540-47.

Cavanaugh, Rodney G.  “Manufactured in Soap Hollow.”  Mennonite Family History 29.4 (Oct. 2010): 165-70.

Columbus Museum of Art. Made in Ohio, Furniture 1788-1888: February 12-March 25, 1984. Columbus: Columbus Museum of Art, 1984.

Connell, E. Jane, and Charles R. Muller. “Ohio Furniture 1788-1888.” Antiques (Feb. 1984): 462-68.

de Julio, Mary Antoine. “New York-German Painted Chests.” Antiques (May 1985): 1156-65.

Dobson, Henry, and Barbara Dobson. The Early Furniture of Ontario and the Atlantic Provinces. Toronto: M.F. Feheley, 1974.

Ducoff-Barone. “Philadelphia Furniture Makers, 1800-1815.” Antiques (May 1991): 982-95.

Dyke, Samuel E. “The Bachman Family of Cabinetmakers, 1766-1897.” Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society (1966): 168-80.

Einstein, Susan, and David Pottinger. “Amish Interiors.” The Quilt Digest, rev. ed. San Francisco: Quilt Digest Press, 1985. Pp. 14-23.

Enninger, Werner. “Zur Erhaltung deutscher Sprachvarietaten unter den Altamischen.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language 69 (1988): 33-57.

Fabian, Monroe H. The Pennsylvania German Decorated Chest. New York: Universe, 1978.

__________. “Sulfur Inlay in Pennsylvania German Furniture.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Fall 1977): 2-9.

Fales, Dean A., Jr. American Painted Furniture: 1660-1880. NewYork.: E.P. Dutton, 1972.

Friesen, Steve. The Life and Times of Emil Kym, a Great Plains Folk Artist and the Immigrant Experience. M.A. thesis, Cooperstown, 1978.

Geiger, Mia. “From Rockers to Mailboxes to Pies, QVC Sold Them.” Philadelphia Business Journal 14:34 (Oct. 1995): 12.

“Gerhard Esau, Artist in Wood.” Mennonite Life (Jan. 1949): 12-13.

“Henry Lapp, Cabinetmaker.” Colonial Homes (May-June 1981): 84-87, 48.

Herr, Donald M.  “”John Long and John Boyer:  Nineteenth-Century Craftsmen in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.”  Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 29.2 (April 2006):  20-27.  With colored photograph insert.

__________.  “Joseph Lehn and Lehnware: Nineteenth Century Woodworker in Elizabeth Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 24.2 (April 2001): 19-26.

Janzen, Reinhild Kauenhoven. “Mennonite Furnishings: The Dynamics of a Migrant Cultural Tradition.” Kansas Quarterly 25 (1995): 31-45.

Janzen, John and Reinhild Kauenhover Janzen. Mennonite Furniture. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1991.

__________. “Sources and Styles of the Material Culture of the Mennonites in the Vistula Delta.” MQR 66 (April 1992): 167-213.

Johannesen, Stanley. “The Unknown Furniture Master of Waterloo County.” Canadian Collector (July.-Aug. 1977): 18-23.

Johannesen, Stanley, and Michael S. Bird. “Furniture and Fraktur: An Exhibition of Artifacts from Waterloo County.” Sept. 18-Oct. 16, 1977. Waterloo, ON.: U. of Waterloo Art Gallery, 1977.

The Language of Paradise: Folk Art from Mennonite and Other Anabaptist Communities of Ontario. London, ON: London Regional Art Gallery, 1985.

Lapp, Henry. A Craftsman’s Handbook. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art and Tindicum Press, 1975.

Lichten, Frances. “A Masterpiece of Pennsylvania German Furniture.” Antiques (Feb 1960): 176-78.

Luthy, David. “Henry Lapp: Amish Folk Artist and Craftsman.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Oct. 1988): 2-6.

__________. “Henry Lapp: Amish Folk Artist and Craftsman.” Family Life (Oct. 1988): 23-27.

McIntyre, John. “Niagara Furniture Makers I.” Canadian Collector (May-June 1977).

__________. “Niagara Furniture Makers II.” Canadian Collector (Sept.-Oct. 1977).

__________. “Niagara Furniture Makers III.” Canadian Collector (Mar.-Apr. 1978): 24-28.

__________. “Niagara Furniture Makers IV.” Canadian Collector (July-Aug. 1978): 37-40.

Manufactured by Hand: The Soap Hollow School. Loretto, Pa.: Southern Alleghenies Museum of Art, 1993.

Muller, Charles M. Soap Hollow: The Furniture and its Makers. Groveport, OH: Canal Press, 2002.

__________. “The Furniture of Soap Hollow.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 23:3 (July 2000): 2-7

Nykor, Lynda M., and Patricia D. Musson. Mennonite Furniture: The Ontario Tradition in York County. Toronto: J. Lorimer, 1977.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou Gellermann. Swiss-German and Dutch-German Mennonite Traditional Art in the Waterloo Region, Ontario. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1979.

Poole, Earl L. “Joseph Lehn: Driven to Design.” The Decorator Digest [date?]: 209-13. From the American German Review.

Sargeant, Mrs. E. S., and Mrs. John Goldie. “Waterloo Pioneer’s Furniture.” Nineteenth Annual Report of the Waterloo Historical Society, 1931. Kitchener, ON: Waterloo Historical Society, 1933. Pp. 263-65.

Shackleton, Philip. The Furniture of Old Ontario. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1973.

Shea, John G. The Pennsylvania Dutch and Their Furniture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1980.

Snyder, John J., Jr. “The Bachman Attributions: A Reconsideration.” Antiques (May 1974): 106-65.

__________. “Carved Chippendale Case Furniture from Lancaster, Pa.Antiques (May 1975): 964-75.

__________. “Chippendale Furniture of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1760-1810.” M.A. thesis, U. of Delaware, 1976.

__________. “New Discoveries in Documented Lancaster County Chippendale Furniture.” Antiques (May 1984): 1150-55.

Steinfeldt, Cecelia, and Donald Lewis Stove. Early Texas Furniture and Decorative Art. San Antonio, TX: Trinity U. Press, San Antonio Museum Association, 1974.

Stoltzfus, Louise. Two Amish Folk Artists: The Story of Henry Lapp and Barbara Ebersole. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1995.

Suter, Scott Hamilton. Tradition and Fashion: Cabinetmaking in the Upper Shenandoah Valley, 1850-1900. Dayton, VA: Shenandoah Valley Folk Art and Heritage Center, 1996.

Trice, Hanley N. II. “Decorated Furniture of Soap Hollow, Somerset County, Pennsylvania.” Antiques (May 1983): 1036-39.

van Ravensway, Charles. The Arts and Architecture of German Settlements in Missouri. Columbia, MO: U. of Missouri Press, 1977.

Walters, Donald R. “Johannes Spitler, Shenandoah County, Virginia, Furniture Decorator.” Antiques (Oct. 1975): 730-35.

Weekley, Carolyn J. “Notable Accessions at the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, Virginia.” Antiques (Sept. 1984): 540-47. Spitler tall case decorated clock.

“Western Canadian Furniture Mennonite and Doukhobor.” Country Living (May 1987).

Wills, James T. “Living with Antiques: Bedford Mills in Ontario.” Antiques (June 1983): 1214-20.

Wilmot, Sandra. “More than Just Hearts and Flowers.” Americana (Sept.-Oct. 1982): 30- 36.

Woodward, Kathy. “Amish Furniture Makers Go High Tech with Computer Desks.” Business First—Columbus 12:12 (Nov. 1995): 17-18.

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M. Games and Toys

Buck, Roy C. “From Work to Play: Some Observations on a Popular Nostalgic Theme.” Jounal of American Culture 1 (1978): 543-53.

Chen, David W. “Amish Going Modern, Sort of, About Skating.” New York Times 11 Aug. 1996, 1:20.

Grey, Sara. “Children’s Games among Lancaster County Mennonites.” Pennsylvania Folklife 16 (Summer 1967): 46-47.

Hershberger, Aaron. Games for Everyone. Millersburg, OH: The Author, 2002.

Martin, Susan P. “Games and Activities of the New Wilmington Amish School Children.” Pennsylvania Folklife 33 (Winter 1983-84): 61-66.

Panabaker, D.N. “Pastimes among the Pennsylvania Dutch in Waterloo.” Annual Report of the Waterloo Historical Society (1931): 245-49.

Pellman, Kenneth and Rachel. Amish Doll Quilts, Dolls and Other Playthings. Intercourse, PA.: Good Books, 1986.

Wilson, Marion Ball. “Mennonite Maids.” Pennsylvania Folklife 15 (Spring 1966): 38-39.

Yoder-Sickler, Telissa, ed. J. C. Penney and Other Camp Skits. Goshen, IN: Pinchpenny Press, 1994.

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N. Language

NOTE:  Following the 2012 updating of this bibliography, this section will be discontinued, except for publications that relate language to folk culture.

Beck, Ervin. “Alice Ipps and Sammy Blitz.”  In MennoFolk2: A Sampler of Mennonite and Amish Folklore, ed. Ervin Beck. Scottdale, PA:  Herald Press, 2005.  Pp. 230-41.

Bender, Ruth E., et al. The Kalona/Iowa Pennsylvania German Dialect. Ed. C. Richard Beam and Rachel Cornelius. Millersville, PA: Center for Pennsylvania German Studies, 2003.

Buchheit, R. “Language Maintenance and Shift among Mennonites in South-Central Kansas.” Society for German-American Studies Yearbook (1982).

__________. “Language Shift in the Concentrated Mennonite District of Kansas.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language (1988): 5-18.

__________. “Mennonite ‘Plautdietsch:’ A Phonological and Morphological Description of a Settlement Dialect in York and Hamilton Counties, Nebraska.” M.A. thesis, U. of Nebraska, 1978.

__________. “‘Plautdietsch:’ Some Impressions about Mennonite Low German in Kansas and Nebraska.” Mennonite Life (Sept. 1982): 16-20.

Buehler, Allan M. The Pennsylvania German Dialect and the Autobiography of an Old Order Mennonite. Cambridge, ON: Buehler, 1977.

Burridge, Kate, and Werner Enninger, eds. Diachronic Studies on the Languages of the Anabaptists. Bochum: Brocksmeyer, 1992.

Burridge, Kate. “Changes within Pennsylvania German Grammar as Enactments of Anabaptist World View.” In Ethnosyntas: Explorations in Grammar and Culture, ed. N.J. Enfield. NY: Oxford University Press, 2002. Pp. 207-30.

—Karen M. Johnson-Weiner, “Group Identity and Language Maintenance: The Survival of Pennsylvania German in Old Order Communities,” 26-42.

—J. Winfield Fretz, “The Pennsylvania German Dialect in Southern Ontario, Canada,” 43-63.

—Wolfgang W. Moelleken, “The Development of the Linguistic Repertoire of the Mennonites from Russia,” 64-93.

—Joachim Raith, “Dialect Mixing and/or Convergence: Pennsylvania German?” 152-65.

—Marion Lois Huffines, “Language Change and Enabling Strategies of Pennsylvania Anabaptists,” 166-81.

—Silke Van Ness, “The New Order Amish in Ohio: A Grammatical Change in Progress,” 182-97.

—Kate Burridge, “Creating Grammar Examples from Pennsylvania German, Ontario,” 199-241.

—John R. Costello, “The Peripharastic duh Construction in Anabaptist and Nonsectarian Pennsylvania German,” 242-63.

—Mark L. Louden, “Old Order Amish Verbal Behavior as a Reflection of Cultural Convergence,” 264-78.

Considine, John. “Dialectology - Storytelling and Memory: Jack Thiessen’s Mennonite Dictionaries.” In Refractions of Germany in Canadian Literature and Culuture, Ed. Heinz Antor, et al. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2003. Pp. 145-68.

__________. “Fourteen Words for Moose: Cultural and Intercultural Contexts of Four Canadian Dictionairies, 1977-1996.” In English Literatures in International Contexts, Ed. Heinz Antor and Klaus Stiersdorfer. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitatsverlog, 2000. Pp 317-31.

DeHaven, Michael R.  “Pennsylvania German in Lyndon, Kansas:  Variation, Change, Decline.”  In William D. Keel and C. Richard Bean, eds.  The Language and Culture of the Pennsylvania Germans: A Festschrift for Earl C. Haag.  Society for German-American Studies, 2010.  Pp. 113-22.

Dow, James and Michele Wolff, eds. Language and Lives: Essays in Honor of Werner Enninger. New York: P. Lang, 1997.

—Kate Burridge, “On the Trail of the Conestoga Modal: Recent Movements of Modal Auxiliaries in Pennsylvania German,” 7-28.

—John Costello, “Remarks on Linguistic Convergence, Lexical Syncretism, and Cognition: The Merge of bitte and Fraage . . .,” 29-38.

—Marion Lois Huffines, “Language Contact and the Amish,” 53-66.

—Karen Johnson-Weiner, “Reinforcing a Separate Amish Identity: English Instruction and the Preservation of Culture in Old Order Amish Schools,” 67-78.

—Mark Louden, “Linguistic Structure and Sociolinguistic Identity in Pennsylvania German Society,” 79-92.

—Wolfgang Moelleken, “A Phonetic Orthography of Mennonite Low German,” 93-104.

Dow, James R., et al, eds. Old and New World Anabaptists: Studies on the Language, Culture, Society and Health of the Amish and Mennonites. Essen: U. of Essen, 1994.

—Marion Lois Huffines,”Amish Languages,” 21-32.

Joachim Raith, “Is Pennsylvania German Still a Palatine-based Dialect of German?” 33-49.

Emeneau, M.B. “Some Neologisms in ‘-ize.’”American Speech 22.1 (Feb. 1947): 71-72.

Enninger, Werner. Bibliographie Enninger. Essen: W. Enninger, 1988. This bibliography includes essays that Enninger published in German on dialects of German used by Anabaptists in North America and Europe.

__________. “The Ethnolinguistic Profile of the Old Order Amish.” The Transit of Civilization from Europe to America: Essays in Honor of Hans Galinsky. Tubingen: Gunter Narr, 1986. Pp. 197-215.

__________. Language and Language Use of the Amish and Mennonite Groups of Swiss-German Origin: An Annotated Bibliography. Essen: University of Essen, LAUD, 2002.

__________. “The Old Order Amish (00A) of Delaware: Their Linguistic Repertoire.” In Global Eurolinguistics, ed. P. Sture Ureland. Tubingen: Niemeyer, 2001. Pp 369-85.

__________. Us vs. Them: A Socio-semiotic Case Study of an Old Order Amish Community. Amsterdam: Benjamins, [date?].

Enninger, Werner, ed. Internal and External Perspectives on Amish and Mennonite Life, I. Essen: Unipress, 1984.

—John Hostetler, “Silence and Survival Strategies Among the New and Old Order Amish,” 81-91.

—Karen Yoder, “Appraising the Cognitive Style of the Old Order Amish Aged,” 119-30.

—Werner Enninger, “Notes on the Expression System of Amish High German,” 131-44.

Enninger, Werner, ed. Studies on the Languages and the Verbal Behavior of the Pennsylvania Germans. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1986-89.

—Joachim Raith, “Variation, Linguistic Continua and Related Issues: Data from Anabaptist Groups in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania,” 37-45.

—Richard J. Brunt, “Studies on the Linguistic Repertoire of the Old Order Amish: An Introductory Research Report,” 46-52.

—Werner Enninger, “Structural Aspects of Amish High German,” 61-105.

Enninger, Werner, et al. “The English of the Old Order Amish of Delaware.” English World-Wide 5:1 (1984): 1-24.

__________. “Rules of Speaking and Their Mediation: The Case of the Old Order Amish.” Zeitschrift fur Dialektologie und Linguistik 64 (1989): 137-68.

Enninger, Werner, et al, eds. Internal and External Perspectives on Amish and Mennonite Life, III. Essen: Unipress, 1988.

—Karl-Heinz Wandt, “A (Socio) dialect-geographical Investigation of Pennsylvania-German: The Problem of Informant Selection,” 1-15.

—Werner Enninger, “Coping with Modernity: Instrumentally and Symbolically with a Glimpse at the Old Order Amish,” 16-51.

—Karl-Heinz Wandt, “Pennsylvania German under the Influence of Modernity: Continuity versus Discontinuity,” 52-61.

—Joachim Raith, “Amish High German and Pennsylvania German: Developments under the Pressure of Modernity,” 62-83.

Enninger, W., and Joachim Raith. “Varieties, Variation, and Convergence in the Linguistic Repertoire of the Old Order Amish in Kent County, Delaware.” Variation and Convergence: Studies in Social Dialectology (1988): 260-93.

Enninger, W., and K. Wandt. “Pennsylvania German in the Context of an Old Order Amish Settlement.” Society for German-American Studies Yearbook (1982), 123- 43.

Enninger, Werner and Joachim Raith. An Ethnography-of-Communication Approach to ... The Old Order Amish Church Service. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1982.

Epp, Reuben. The Story of Low German and Plautdietsch: Tracing a Language across the Globe. Hillsboro, KS: Reader’s Press, 1993.

Erickson, Vincent O. “The Diminutive in Mennonite Low German.” Papers from the Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistic Association. Ed. D. H. Jory. St. John: U. of New Brunswick, 1989. Pp. 161-71.

Essen-Delaware Amish Project Team. “The English of the Old Order Amish of Delaware: Phonological, Morpho-Syntactical and Lexical Variation of English in the Language Contact Situation of a Trilingual Speech Community.” English World-Wide: A Journal of Varieties of English 5:1 (1984): 1-24.

Ferre, Christa Barbara Meister. Stability and Change in the Pennsylvania German Dialect of an Old Order Amish Community in Lancaster County. Diss., U. of Georgia, 1991.

Gehman, Ernest G. “The Pennsylvania-German Dialect.” Mennonite Life (Jan. 1963): 40- 42.

Geiger, Annamaria. “Communication in American Contexts of Religion: Old Order Amish Vs. Born-Agains.” Internal and External Perspectives on Amish and Mennonite Life, II. Ed. Werner Enninger, et al. Essen: Unipress, 1986. Pp. 148-69.

Graaf, Tjeerd de. “The Language of the Siberian Mennonites.” In New Insights in Germanic Linguistics, II NY: Peter Lang, 2001. Pp. 21-34.

Humpa, Gregory J. “Retention and Loss of Bernese Alemannic Traits in an Indiana Amish Dialect: A Comparative-Historical Study.” Diss., Purdue U., 1996.

Ich Kann Pennsylvania Dietsch Laysa: A Self-teaching Primer. Sugar Creek, OH: Committee for Translation, 1994.

Joseph, Brian D., et al, eds. When Languages Collide: Perspectives on Language Conflict, Language Competition and Language Coexistence. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2003.

Kaufmann, Goz. “Des Plattdeutschen Wanderjahre oder die lexikalischen Folgen der Mennonitischen Flucht nach Amerika” in “Standardfragen”: Soziolinguistische Perspektiven,” ed. Jannis K. Androutsopoulos and Evelyn Ziegler. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2003. Pp. 139-60.

Keel, William D. “From the Netherlands to Kansas: Mennonite Low German.” Heritage of the Great Plains (Summer 1994): 39-50.

Kehr, Kurt. “‘Deutsche’ Sprache bei Mennoniten und Amischen im Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.” Muttersprache 92 (1982): 227-40.

Keiser, Steve Hartman. “Language Change Across Speech Islands.’ The Emergence of a Midwestern Dialect of Pennsylvania German.”  Diss., Ohio State University, 2001.

__________.“Pennsylvania German and the ‘Lunch Pail Threat’: Language Shift and Cultural Maintenance        in Two Amish Communities.” In When Languages Collide, ed. Brian D. Joseph, et al.            Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2003. Pp. 3-20.

Kloss, Heinz. “Sociolinguistic Parallels Between the Mennonite Speakers of Pennsylvania German (or Pennsylfoanisch) and of Plautdietsch.” Zeitschrift fur Dialektologie und Linguistik 64 (1989): 117-24.

Kuester, Martin. “Shibboleth or Trademark? Code Switching and Mixed Language in Contemporary Canadian Mennonite Writing.” In Ahornblatter: Marburger Bertiage zur Kanada - Forschung. Marburg: Universitatbibliotek Marburg, 2003. Pp. 47-59.

Light, Janice, et al. “Instructing Facilitators to Support the Communication of People who Use Augmentative Communication Systems.” Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 35 (Aug. 1992): 865-75.

Loewen, Jacob. “Toward a Phonemic Alphabet of Plautdietsch.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 16 (1998): 128-46.

Loewen, Harry, and Al Reimer. “Origins and Literacy Development of Canadian- Mennonite Low German.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 59 (July 1985): 179-86.

Louden, Mark. Bilingualism and Syntactic Change in Pennsylvania German. Diss., Cornell U., 1988.

“Mennonites like ‘First,’ ‘Bethel,’ Trees in Names.” Christian Century 121:11, June 1, 2004, p. 15.

Mierau, Eric. “A Descriptive Grammar of Ukrainian Low German.” Diss., Indiana U., 1965.

Moelleken, Wolfgang W. “The Demise of Mennonite Low German in Reedly, California.” Berend, Nina & Klaus J. Mattheier, eds. Sprachenselforschung: Eine Gedenkschrift fur Hugo Jedig. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1994. Pp. 303-17.

__________. “A Phonetic Orthography of Mennonite Low German.” Dow, James R. & Michele Wolff, eds. Languages & Lives: Essays in Honor of Weiner Enninger. NY: Peter Lang, 1997. Pp. 93-103.

Neufeld, Eldo. Dictionary of Plautdietsch Synonyms and Antonyms. Munich: Lincom Europa, 2003.

­­­­__________. A Dictionary of Plautdietsch Rhyming Words.  Munich: Lincom Europa, 2002.

__________. Plautdietsch Humour (Humooa opp Plautdietsch): Well wi dan mol bat sposs mookse? Munich: Lincom Europa, 2007.

Newcomb, Thomas. A Brief Introduction to Amish Culture and Language Dialects. Garrettsville, OH The Author, 1980.

Palmer, F. W. “Several Mennonite Americanisms.” American Speech (Feb. 1947): 72-73.

Prokop, Manfred “The Maintenance of German as a Mother Tongue and Home Language in the Province of Manitoba.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 20 (2002): 73-87.

Raith, Joachim and Uwe Lehmann. “The Pronunciation of Amish High German.” Zeitschrift fur Dialektologie und Linguistic, Supplement 64. Stuttgart: 1989. Pp. 81-93.

Rein, Kurt. “German Dialects in Anabaptist Colonies on the Great Plains.” In Paul Schach, ed. Language in Conflict: Linguistic Acculturation on the Great Plains. Lincoln, Neb.: U. of Nebraska, 1980. Pp. 94-110.

Rempel, Herman. Kjenn jie noch Plautdietsch? A Mennonite Low German Dictionary, 2nd rev. ed. Rosenort, MA: Prarieviews, 1995.

__________. Waed Buiak: Low German to English Dictionary. Altona, Man.: Friesen Printers, 1979.

Seifert, Lester W. A Word Atlas of Pennsylvania German. Madison: U. of Wisconsin, 2001.

Stine, Eugene.  Pennsylvania German Dictionary . . .  Kutztown:  Pennsylvania German Society, 2008.

Sutter, Sem. C. “Mennonites and the Pennsylvania German Revival.” MQR 50 (Jan. 1976): 37-57.

Thiessen, Jack. Mennonite Low-German Dictionary. Mennonitisches Worterbuch. Marburg, Germany: Elwert, 1977.

__________. Mennonite Low German Dictionary. Madison: U. of Wisconsin, 2003.

__________.  ”Playing Word Doctor behind the Barn.” Journal of American Folklore 124:492 (Spring 2011): 228-32.

Tortora, Vincent R. The Amish Talk of Pennsylvania Dutch Country. Lancaster, PA: Photo Arts, 1970.

Troyer, Les. Pennsylvania Dutch Lore. Kathmandu, Nepal: Summer Institute of Linguistics, Tribhuvan U., 1974.

Van Ness, Silke. “Playing Musical Chairs in Pronominal Gender Reassignment?” American Speech 75:3 (Fall 2000): 295-97.

Wiebe, Katie Funk. “Low German: The Language of the True Believer.” Festival Quarterly (Aug.-Oct. 1983): 12-14.

Wiens, Gerhard. “Russo-German Bilingualism:  A Case Study.” Modern Language Journal 36.8 (Dec. 1952):  392-95.

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O. Legends and Oral History

Aberle, George P. Anecdotes of the Prairies. Bismarck, ND: Quality Printing Service, 1975.

Baughman, J. Ross. A Lake Beneath the Crescent Moon: Some of the History, Legends and Folkart from around Zunich ... Edinburgh, VA: Shenandoah History, 2000.

Beck, Ervin. “Mennonite Origin Tales and Beliefs.” MQR 64 (Jan. 1990): 32-48.

__________. “Mennonite Trickster Tales: True to Be Good.” MQR 61 (Jan. 1987): 58-74.

__________. “Reggie Jackson among the Mennonites.” MQR 58 (April 1984): 147-67.

Coffman, Barbara F. “Samuel Fry the Weaver and Mennonites of the Twenty.” Canadian- German Folklore Society of Ontario (1982).

Frazer, Heather T., and John O’Sullivan. We Have Just Begun to Not Fight: An Oral History of Conscientious Objectors in Civilian Public Service During World War II. New York: Twayne, 1996.

“Hooks and Eyes.” Pennsylvania Dutchman (Oct. 1953): 13.

Klaus, Menno, ed. Growing Up Mennonite: Stories by the People. Vineland, ON: [M. Klaus], 1982.

Luthy, David. “The ‘Blue Gate’ Legend.” Family Life (May 1981): 19-20.

McCabe-Juhnke, John. “Enacting Geimeinde in the Language and Style of Swiss Volhynian Mennonite Storytelling.” Heritage of the Great Plains 27:2 (Summer 1994): 21-38.

__________. “Narrative and Everyday Experience: Performance Process in the Storytelling of the Swiss Volhynian Mennonites.” Diss., Louisiana State U., 1990.

__________. “Storytelling Style and Community Codes Among the Swiss Volhynian Mennonites.” Traditional Storytelling Today: An International Sourcebook. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999. Pp. 434-41.

McGrath, William, ed. Christian and Plain: Life Stories of Converts Who Left Worldly Society to Join Plain Churches, Vol. 1. Minerva, OH: Martin’s, 1984.

“Mennonite Legend.” Pennsylvania Dutchman (June 1953): 10.

Mock, Melanie Joy Springer. “Journeys of God and Country: The Narrative of Great War Mennonite Conscienteous Objectors.” Diss., Oklahoma State U., 2000.

Penner, Sydney. “Swiss Anabaptists and the Miraculous.”  MQR 80:2 (April 2006):  207-28.

Ruth, John L. ‘“Not Only Tradition but Truth:’ Legend and Myth Fragments among Pennsylvania Mennonites.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Autumn 1996): 20-37.

Yoder, Don. “The Saint’s Legend in the Pennsylvania German Folk-Culture.” American Folk Legend. Ed. Wayland Hand. Los Angeles: U. of California, 1971. Pp. 157-83

__________. “Witch Tales from Adams County.” Pennsylvania Folklife 12 (1962): 29-37.

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P. Medicine

Brendle, Thomas, and Claude W. Unger. Folk Medicine of the Pennsylvania Germans: The Non-Occult Cures. Norristown, PA: Proceedings of the Pennsylvania German Society, 1935.

Colbert, Lisa. “Amish Attitudes and Treatment of Illness.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Autumn 1980): 9-15.

Dieffenbach, Victor C. “Powwowing among the Pennsylvania Germans.” Pennsylvania Folklife 25 (Winter 1975-76): 29-46.

Dluge, Robert L., Jr. “My Interview with a Powwower.” Pennsylvania Folklife 21 (Summer 1972): 39-42.

Doering, John Frederick. “Folk Remedies for Diverse Allergies.” Journal of American Folklore 57 (1944): 140-41.

Elder, D. Rose. “‘O Gott Vater, Wir Lohen Dich’: Amish Childhood Singing Forges Commitment to God and Community.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 27:1 (January 2004): 18-25.

Frazier, Paul. “Some Lore of Hexing and Powwowing.” Midwest Folklore (Summer 1952): 101-7.

Girod, Jennifer. “A Sustainable Medicine: Lessons from the Old Order Amish.” Journal of Medical Humanities 13:2 (March 2002): 31-42.

Hohman, John George. The Long Lost Friend, Containing Mysterious and Invaluable Remedies, for Man as well as Animals. Lancaster, PA: [n.p.], 1865. For the original German text see Der Langeverborgene Schatz und Haus Freund, oder Getreuer und Chrestlicher Unterich fur Jedermann. Skippacksville, PA: A. Puwells, 1837.

Home Remedies from Amish Country. Millersburg, OH: Abana Books, 2001.

Hostetler, J. A. “Folk and Scientific Medicine in Amish Society.” Human Organization (Winter 1963-64): 269-75.

__________. “Healing Arts and Cures.” Christian Living (Aug. 1954): 7-9, 38.

Keen, R. Martin. “The Medical Remedy Notebook of John Reist in Its Historical Context.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 24.1 (Jan. 2001): 23-25.

Kendig, Fannie Dombach, comp. “Special Remedies for Home and Farm.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 27:2 (April 2004): 2-13.

Kriebel, David W. “New Directions in a Traditional Pennsylvania German Healing Practice:  A Twenty-First Century Powwower.”  In William D. Keel and C. Richard Beam, eds.  The Language and Culture of the Pennsylvania Germans:  A Festschrift for Earl C. Haag.  Society for German-American Literature, 2010.  Pp. 57-72.

_____________.  “Powwowing Among the Pennsylvania Dutch:  A Traditional Medical Practice in the Modern World.” University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State U. Press, 2007.

Kulig, Judith C. and Barry L. Hall. “Health and Illness Beliefs among the Southern Alberta Kanadier Mennonite Immigrants.” Jounal of Mennonite Studies 22 (2004): 185-204.

“Landmark Series on Quakery Aimed at Amish.” NCAHF Newsletter 20:1 (Jan/Feb 1997): 1.

Levine, Neil Ann Stuckey. “A Selection of Remedies from the Reist Notebook.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 24.1 (Jan. 2001): 2-22.

McGrath, William R. Amish Folk Remedies for Plain and Fancy Ailments. Minerva, OH.: Martin’s, 1984.

McKegney, Patricia P. Charm for Me, Mr. Eby: Folk Medicine in Southern Ontario, 1890-1920. Wellesley, ON: Bamberg Press, 1989.

Miller, Levi. “The Role of a Braucher-Chiropractor in an Amish Community.” MQR 55 (April 1981): 157-71.

“Phoney Doctor.” NCAHF Newsletter 17:2 (Mar/Apr. 1994): 2.

Quillin, Patrick. Amish Folk Medicine. North Canton, OH: Leader Co., 1996.

__________. The Wisdom of Amish Folk Medicine. North Canton, OH: Leader Co., 1993.

Reimensnyder, Barbara. “Annotated Bibliography of Pennsylvania Folk Medicine.” Pennsylvania Folklife 26 (Autumn 1977): 40-48.

Reinschmidt, Kerstin. “Old Colony and General Conference Mennonites in Chihuahua, Mexico: History, Representations and Women’s Everyday Lives in Health and Illness.” Diss., U. of Arizona, 2001.

Schmidt, John F. “The Horse and Buggy Doctor and his Friends.” Mennonite Life (June 1976): 4-7, 31.

Snellenburg, Betty. “Four Interviews with Pow-wowers.” Pennsylvania Folklife 18 (Summer 1969): 40-45.

Stewart, Susan. “Rational Powwowing: An Examination of Choice among Medical Alternatives in Rural York County, Pennsylvania.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Fall 1976): 12-17.

Studer, Gerald C. “Powwowing: Folk Medicine or White Magic?” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (July 1980): 17-23.

Troyer, Henry. “Medical Considerations of the Amish.” Old and New World Anabaptists. Ed. James R. Dow, et al. Essen: U. of Essen, 1994.  Pp. 68-87.

Wenger, Anna Frances Z. “Health and Health Care Decision-Making: The Old Order Amish.” Old and New World Anabaptists: Studies on the Language, Culture, Society and Health of the Amish and Mennonites. Ed. James R. Dow, et al. Essen: U. of Essen, 1994.  Pp. 88-104.

Wenger, Mark Richard. “Anointing the Sick with Oil in the Mennonite Church: An Exercise in Practical Theology.” Diss., Union Theological Seminary in Virginia, 2001.

Yoder, Don. “Folk Medicine.” Folklore and Folklife, An Introduction. Ed. Richard Dorson. Chicago: U. of Chicago Press, 1972. Pp. 191-215.

__________. “Hohman and Romanus: Origins and Diffusion of the Pennsylvania German Powwow Manual.” American Folk Medicine: A Symposium. Ed. Wayland D. Hand. Berkeley: U. of California. Pp. 235-48.

__________. “Twenty Questions on Powwowing.” Pennsylvania Folklife 25 (Summer 1976): 38-40.

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Q. Museums

Caskey, Douglas L. “1719 Herr House Tours: Great Traditions through Cultural Performance.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Jan. 1994): 2-15.

__________. “Tour Guide Performances at Mennonite Historical Sights [sic] as Cultural Performances.” Diss., Bowling Green State U., 1992.

__________. “Tours at the 1770 Germantown Mennonite Meetinghouse: Authentic Experience through Cultural Performance.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (July 1994): 2- 14.

Cavanaugh, Rodney G.  “West Overton Museums.”  Mennonite Family History 29:3 (July 2010): 104-9.

Friesen, Steven K. “Faith and Furrow: An Exhibit of Mennonite Rural Life at the Hans Herr House Museum.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Oct. 1987): 2-11.

__________. “The Kauffman Museum.” Mennonite Life (June 1977): 14-20.

Goertzen, Peter, and Lawrence Klippenstein. Mennonite Village Museum. Steinbach, MAN: Mennonite Village Museum, 1980.

“If Our Museum Were Burning, I’d Try to Save. “ Festival Quarterly (Aug.-Oct, 1980): 26-27.

Johnson, Elizabeth. Landis Valley Museum: Pennsylvania Trail of History Guide. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2002.

Kauffman, Charles. “Glimpses into the Past.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1949): 4-10.

Krahn, Cornelius (interview by Robert Kreider). “Infinite Riches in the Crowded Rooms of the Mennonite Library and Archives.” Mennonite Life (Sept. 1977): 18-24.

Mast, Lois Ann.  Mifflin County Mennonite Historical Society.”  Mennonite Family History 30.2 (April 2011):  72-77.  Museum and contents.

Mexico’s House of Three Cultures Portrays Mennonite Heritage.” Festival Quarterly (Nov.-Dec. 1982, Jan. 1983): 18.

Muddy Creek Farm Library.  Catalog of Museum Exhibit.  Ephrata, Pa: Muddy Creek Farm Library, 2009.

Museum Committee. “A Museum Exhibit in the Making: Concepts and Objects along the Way.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Oct. 1996): 2-10.

“Museums of Mennonite Interest.” Festival Quarterly (May-July 1978): 35-37.

Parmer, John A.  The Nicholas Stoltzfus House.  Wyomissing, PA:  The Nicholas Stoltzfus House, 2010.

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R. Music and Songs

Bachmann-Geiser, Brigitte. Amish:  The Way of Life of the Amish in Berne, Indiana, with a CD of Amish Hymns and Folksongs. Trans. John Bendix. Rockland ME: Picton Press, 2009.

Beck, Vincent, and Ervin Beck. “CPS Protest Songs.” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1996), 12-23.

Berg, Wesley Peter. “Choral Festivals and Choral Workshops among the Mennonites of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, 1900-1960 “ Diss., U. of Washington, 1979.

__________. “The Development of Choral Singing among Mennonites of Russia to 1895.” MQR 55 (April 1981): 131-42.

__________. “From Piety to Sophistication:  Developments in Canadian Mennonite Music after World War II.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 6 (1988): 89-99.

__________. From Russia with Music:  A Study of the Mennonite Choral Singing Tradition in Canada. Winnipeg: Hyperion, 1985.

__________. “Hymns of the Old Colony Mennonites and the Old Way of Singing.”  Musical Quarterly 80:1 (Spring 1996): 77-116.

__________. “Robert Shaw, Helmuth Rilling and the Mennonite Festival Chorus.” Choral Journal 32.2 (1991): 43-48.      

Borden, Ronald J. My Testimony Concerning Musical Instruments. Minerva, OH: A-M Publications, 1982.

Brunk, George R. Musical Instruments. Minerva, OH: William R. McGrath, 1981.

Burkhart, Charles. “The Music of the Old Order Amish and the Old Colony Mennonites: A Contemporary Monodic Practice.” Thesis, Colorado College, 1952.

Cheyenne Spiritual Songs. Newton, KS: Faith and Life Press, 1982. Northern Cheyenne Mennonite Churches.

Doerksen, Victor G. “The Anabaptist Martyr Ballad.” MQR 51 (Jan. 1977): 5-21.

Dueck, Jonathan. “Mennonite Choral Music Recordings of the West Coast Mennonite Chamber Choir.” Journal of American Folklore 121 (Summer 2008):  348-60.

__________. “Music and Development:  MCC Workers in Chad.”  Conrad Grebel Review  25.1 (Winter 2007):  63-82.

Duerksen, Rosella Reimer. “The Anabaptist Hymnody of the 16th Century: A Study of Its Marked Individualism Coupled With a Dependence.” Thesis, Union Theological Seminary, 1956.

Durnbaugh, Hedwig T. “The Amish Singing Style: Theories of Its Origin and Description of Its Singularity.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 22:2 (April 1999): 24-31.

Elder, D. Rose. “‘Es Sind Zween Weg’: Singing Amish Children into the Faith Comminuty.” Cultural Analysis 2 (2001): 39-63.

__________. “O Gott Vater, Wir Loben Dich: Amish Childhood Singing Forges Commitment to God and Community.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 27:1 (January 2004): 18-25.

Ellinwood, Leonard. “Singer’s Glen: A Plea for the Local History of Music.” American Guild of Organists’ Quarterly (Oct. 1957): 1138-41.

Epp, Maureen and Carol Ann Weaver, eds. Sound in the Land:  Essays on Mennonites and Music.  Kitchener, ON:  Pandora Press, 2005.

Eskew, Harry. “Joseph Funk’s ‘Allgemein Ntzliche Choral-Music’ 1816.” Thirty-Second Report. Baltimore: Society for the History of Germans in Maryland, [date?].

__________. “Joseph Funk’s Contribution to Church Music.” EMC Bulletin 44:2 (1965).

__________. “Shape-note Hymnody in the Shenandoah Valley, 1816-1860.” Diss., Tulane U., 1966.

Frey, J. William. “Amish Hymns as Folk Music.” Pennsylvania Songs and Legends. Ed. George Korson. Philadelphia: U. of Pennsylvania Press, 1949. Pp. 129-62.

Friesen, Dietrich. The Development of Church Music in the Mennonite Brethren Churches. Fresno, CA: Fresno Pacific College, 1983.

Friesen, Frank, trans. Material Accompanying the ‘Ausbund.’ Sterling, ON: 1977.

Funk, Joseph and Sons. The New Harmonia Sacra, 22nd ed. Harrisonburg, VA: H.A. Brunk, 1959.

Gingerich, James Nelson and Matthew Lind. The Harmonia Sacra Handbook. Goshen, IN: The Authors, 1994.

Graeff, Marie K. “Folk Songs.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Autumn 1981): 20-25.

Gross, Suzanne E. “Hymnody of Eastern Pennsylvania German Mennonite Communities: Notenbuchlein (manuscript songbooks) from 1780 to 1835.” Diss., U. of Maryland, 1994.

Gross, Suzanne and Wesley Berg. “Singing It Our Way: Pennsylvania-German Mennonite Notebuchlein”. (1780-1835). American Music 19:2 (Summer 2001): 190-.

Hess, Albert. “Deutsche Brauche und Volkslieder in Maryhill (Waterloo County).” German-Canadian Yearbook (1976): 221-25.

Hohmann, Rupert K. The Church Music of the Old Order Amish of the United States. Diss., Northwestern U., 1959.

Hohmann, W.H. “The Beginning of Protestant Hymn Melodies.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1964): 174-76.

__________. “The Greiter Melody and Variants.” The Hymn (April 1961).

__________. “An Historic Melody.” Mennonite Life (July 1960): 107-8.

Horst, Isaac R. Lieder-Sammlung Commentary: Self-Helps for the Gemeinschaftliche Lieder-Sammlung. Mount Forest, ON: The Author, 1981.

Hostetler, John A. Tape recordings of Amish singing in the Mennonite Historical Library, Goshen College, Goshen, Indiana.

—Milo F. Yoder, Goshen, Ind. (June 1960).

—Joni Eash and Eli J. Bontreger, Goshen, Ind. (April 13, 1938), by Alan Lomax.

—Hay John Miller, wife, et al, Kalona, Iowa (Feb. 8, 1943), by Marcus Bach and Addison Alspach, Library of Congress.

—Mr. and Mrs. Sam H. Peachey, Belleville, Pa. (July 1960), by J. A. Hostetler.

Isaak, Mary Anne. A Description of the Oneology Expressed in Song of the Mennonite Brethren Church of Zaire. Thesis, Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary, 1993.

Jackson, George Pullen. “The American Amish Sing Medieval Folk Tunes Today.” Southern Folklore Quarterly (June 1946): 151-57.

__________. White Spirituals on the Southern Uplands. Hatboro, PA: Folklore Associates, 1964.

__________. “The Strange Music of the Old Order Amish.” Music Quarterly (July 1945): 275- 88.

Kadelbach, Ada. “Again: Four Hundred Years with the Ausbund: A Study on Stability and Change.” Studies on the Languages and the Verbal Behavior of the Pennsylvania Germans. Ed. Werner Enninger. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1986-89. Pp.106-13.

Kallman, Helmut. “The German Contribution to Music in Canada.” German-Canadian Yearbook (1975), 152-66.

Klassen, Doreen. “Low German Songs?” Mennonite Life 33 (1978): 20-24.

__________. “Musical Borrowing and Sociopolitical Power: Low German Songs of the Southern Manitoba Mennonites.” Ethnomusicology in Canada. Ed. Robert Witmer. Toronto: Institute for Canadian Music, 1990. Pp. 93-97.

__________. Singing Mennonite: Low German Songs among the Mennonites. Winnipeg: U. of Manitoba Press, 1988.

Klassen, Judith. “Under the Bed and Behind the Barn: Musical Secrets and Family Vitality in Mennonite Mexico.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 27 (2009): 229-48.

Kraybill, Donald B. “A Content and Structural Analysis of Mennonite High School Songs.” MQR 51 (Jan. 1977): 52-66.

Krehbiel, Stephanie. “Water for a Barren Land:  Worship Music Among the Mennonites of East Freeman, South Dakota.”  Thesis, Michigan State U., 2003.

Kropf, Marlene and Kenneth Nafziger. Singing: A Mennonite Voice. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2001.

Luthy, David. “A History of the ‘Loblied.’” Family Life (Feb. 1978): 16-19.

Martens, Helen. Hutterite Songs. Kitchener, ON: Pandora Press, 2002.

Martin, Lena, and Elizabeth Drudge. Echoes of Triumph: Old Order Mennonite Songs in 4-part Harmony. Wroxeter, ON: John Drudge, 1980.

Nettl, B. “Hymns of the Amish: An Example of Marginal Survival.” Journal of American Folklore 70 (Oct. 1957): 323-8.

Overholt, Joseph. Theological Themes in the Hymns of the Ausbund. Uniontown, OH: The Author, 1980.

Oyer, Mary K. Exploring the Mennonite Hymnal, Essays. Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Publishing House, 1980.

Peacock, Kenneth. “Twenty Ethnic Songs from Western Canada.” National Museums of Canada Bulletin No. 211, Anthropological Series No. 76. Ottawa: Queen’s Printer, 1966.

Peters, Galen A., ed. The Earliest Hymns of the Ausbund.  Kitchener, ON: Pandora Press, [2004].

Peters, Victor and Elisabeth. “Our Heritage of Music in Manitoba.” Mennonite Life (April 1948): 23-26.

Plantenga, Bart. Yodel-Ay-Ee-Oooo: The Secret History of Yodeling Around the World. London: Routledge, 2004.

Presgraves, James S., ed. Two Notable Shaped-note Leaders: Joseph Funk . . . Wytheville, VA: Bookworm and Silverfish, 1995.

Regier, Bernard W. “Music and Mennonite Youth in the Prairie States.” Mennonite Life (April 1948): 27-29.

Ressler, Martin E. “American Continuance of European Origins in Mennonite, Hutterite and Amish Music.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Jan. 1986): 6-10.

__________. “A Song of Praise.” [Lob Lied]. Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (Oct. 1978).

Riall, Robert. First Suffering, Then Joy: The Early Anabaptist Passau Martyr Songs. Aylmer, OH: Pathway, 2003.

Schmitt, Orlando. Church Music and Worship Among the Mennonites. Newton, KS: Faith and Life Press, 1981.

School Day Favorites: Approximately 188 Favorite German and English Parochial School Songs. Gordonville, PA: Gordonville Print Shop, 1980.

Schreiber, William J. “The Ausbund Hymns in the Newly-Found Ehrenpreis MS.” MQR 43 (Oct. 1969): 322.

__________. “Hans Betz: Poet of the Ausbund.” MQR 53 (April 1979): 128.

__________. “The Hymns of the Amish Ausbund in Philological and Literary Perspective.” MQR 36 (1962): 36-60.

Schwartz, Christian and Elizabeth. Schwartz’s Song-Book. Geneva, IN: The Author, 1981. Includes Swiss yodels.

Shoemaker, Alfred L. Traditional Rhymes and Jingles of the Pennsylvania Dutch. Lancaster, PA: The Pennsylvania Dutch Folklore Center, 1951.

Siemens, Reynoldt. Meditative Ballads; Sehnsuchtsballaden. Vancouver: Mennonite Classics Enterprises, 1994.

Showalter, Samuel. “Musical Heritage of the Shenandoah Valley.” Mennonite Life (Jan. 1963): 38-40.

Singers Glen Music and Heritage Festival. Singers Glen, VA: Singers Glen, 1978.

Slough, Rebecca and Shirley Springer King, eds. Nurturing Spirit Through Song: The Life of Mary K. Oyer. Telford, PA:  Cascadia, 2007.

Smucker, David Rempel. “Lifting the Joists: How German-Speaking Mennonites Became English Hymn Singers.” Christian Living 48.8 (Dec. 2001): 24-26.

__________. “Review of Museum Exhibit ‘Harps of Zion: Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Music’ at Mennonite Historians of Eastern Pennsylvania, Harleysville, PA, May 98-Nov 98.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 22:4 (Oct 1999): 40-41.

Snyder, C. Arnold. “Was the Bread Only Bread and the Wine Only Wine? Sacramental Theology in Five Anabaptist Hymns.” Conrad Grebel Review 24.3 (Fall 2006):  26-44.

Stoltzfoos, Katie. Ausbund Tunes for Lancaster County. Quarryville, PA: The Author, 1980.

Thompson, Chad L. “Yodeling of the Indiana Swiss Amish.” Anthropological Linguistics (Fall 1996): 495-520.

Translation Committee. Songs of the Ausbund: Vol. 1. History and Translation of Ausbund Hymns. Millersburg, OH: Ohio Amish Library, 1998.

Umble, John. “The Old Order Amish, Their Hymns and Hymn Tunes.” Journal of American Folklore 52 (1939), 93.

Weiler, Lloyd M., et al. “The Unpartheyisches Gesang - Buch: Two Hundred Yeard of a Mennonite Hymnal.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 27:4 (October 2004): 20-29.

Wiebe, Margie. “Hymns Used by the General Conference.” Mennonite Life (April 1948): 36, 38.

Yoder, Don. Pennsylvania Spirituals. Lancaster, PA: Pennsylvania Folklife Society, 1961.

Yoder, Joseph. Amisch & Lieder. Huntingdom, PA: Yoder Publishing Co., 1942.

Yoder, Olen. Ausbund Melodies. Goshen, IN: The Author, 1980.

__________. Ausbund Songs with Notes. Burr Oak, MI: S. Chupp, 1994.

Yoder, Paul Marvin. “Nineteenth Century Sacred Music of the Mennonite Church in North America.” MQR 38 (July 1964): 304.

Yoder, Paul Marvin, et al. Four Hundred Years with the Ausbund. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1962.

Yoder, Willis. Suitable Lieder Sammlung Tunes. Kalona, IA: W. E. Yoder family, 1994.

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S. Names

Augsburger, David W. “Mennonames and Mennogames.” Festival Quarterly (May-July 1980): 31.

Barry, Bill. Ukrainian People Places: The ... Mennonites ... and the Names They Brought to Saskatchewan. Regina, SK: People Places, 2001.

Cross, John A. “Amish Surnames, Settlement Patterns and Migrations.” Names 51:3-4 (Sept.-Dec. 2003): 193-214.

Duerksen, Jacob A. “Prussian and Polish Mennonite Hutterite and Borderline Names.” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1981): 8.

Enninger, Werner. “Amish By-Names.” Names (Dec. 1985): 243-58.

Krahn, Cornelius. “Mennonite Names of Persons and Places.” Mennonite Life (Jan. 1960): 36-38.

Kreider, Rachel W. “A Yoder Patron Saint?” Mennonite Life (July 1968): 103-105.

__________. “The Yoders’ Saint Theodore.” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1971): 155, 165-66.

“Mennonites Like ‘First,’ ‘Bethel:’ Trees in Names.” Christian Century 1 June 1, 2004, 15.

Mook, Maurice A. “Nicknames among the Amish.” Pennsylvania Folklife 17 (Summer 1968): 20-23.

Peters, Victor, and Jack Thiessen. Mennonitische Namen / Mennonite Names. Marburg: N.G. Elwert Verlag, 1987.

Preheim, Naomi. “Schweizer Mennonite Nicknames.” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1974): 85-87, 92.

Schelbert, Leo, and Sandra Luebking. “Swiss Mennonite Family Names: An Annotated Checklist.” Pennsylvania Folklife 26 (Summer 1977): 2-24.

Schmidt, Mrs. Herbert R. “Nicknames among the Mennonites from Russia.” Mennonite Life (July 1961): 132.

Schrock, Alta. “Axie Yoder of Yetter Stadt.” The Casselman Chronicle (Winter 1962): 9.

Smith, Elmer. “Amish Nicknames.” Journal of the American Names Society 16.2 [date?]: 105.

Smucker, David Rempel.  ”Grins and Grimaces:  Odds and Ends from My Genealogical Research.” Mennonite Family History 29.4 (Oct. 2010): 180-81.

Troyer, Lester O. “Amish Nicknames from Holmes County, Ohio.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Summer 1968): 24.

Warkentin, Larry. “What’s in a Name [Warkentin]?” Pacific Journal 2 (2007): 73-92.

Wengerd, Kathleen Miller. “‘Posey Sam’ Miller.” The Casselman Chronicle (Summer- Autumn 1962): 12.

Yoder, Don, ed. “Nicknames from a Mennonite Family.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Spring 1967): 42-43.

Yoder, Eleanor. “Nicknaming in an Amish-Mennonite Community.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Spring 1974): 30-37.

Zurcher, Isaac. “Anabaptist-Mennonite Names in Switzerland.” MQR 62 (Oct. 1988): 461-95.

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T. Needlework

Burke, Susan. Stitching for Pretty: Mennonite Embroidered Towels. Kitchener, ON: Joseph Schneider Haus, 1988. Catalogue.

Burnham, Harold K., and Dorothy K. Burnham. Keep Me Warm One Night: Early Handweaving in Eastern Canada. Toronto: U. of Toronto Press, 1972.

Decorative Needlework of the Pennsylvania Germans. Hershey, PA: Hershey Museum of American Life, 1979.

Frederick, Anna H. “Earnestine Mary Agnew’s Sewing Book.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 27:1 (January 2004): 26-27.

Gehret, Ellen J. “‘O Noble Heart:’ An Examination of a Motif of Design from Pennsylvania German Embroidered Hand Towels.” Quarterly of the Pennsylvania German Society (July 1980): 1-14.

__________. This is the Way I Pass My Time. Publications of the Pennsylvania German Society, 8. Birdsboro, PA: The Pennsylvania German Society, 1985.

Gehret, Ellen J., and Alan Keyser. The Homespun Textile Tradition of the Pennsylvania Germans. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1976.

Henry, Jean. “Hmong and Pennsylvania German Textiles: Needlework Traditions in Transition in Lancaster County.” Folk Art (Summer 1995): 40-46.

Hersh, Tandy. “Decorated Aprons.” Der Reggeboge (Jan. 1988): 33-43.

__________. “The Evolution of the Pennsylvania German Pillowcase.” Bits and Pieces. Ed. Jeannette Lasansky. Lewisburg, PA: Oral Traditions Project, 1991. Pp. 38-47.

__________. “Pennsylvania German Decorated Handkerchiefs.” Der Reggeboge 20 (1986): 1- 15.

__________. Samplers of the Pennsylvania Germans. Kutztown: The Pennsylvania-German Society, 1991.

Hess, Clarke E.  Lancaster County Privy Bags.  Journal of the Historicl Society of the Cocalico Valley, Vol. 35.  Ephrata, PA:  Historical Society of the Cocalico Valley, 2010.

Janzen, Reinhild Kauenhouen. “Deciphering Seventeenth-Century Napkins: Testimony to a Mennonite Family’s Way of Life.” Mennonite Life (Sept. 1988): 21-29.

Mattem, Adele. “Mennonite Hand Towels and Samplers.” Souderton, PA: Mennonite Heritage Center, 1988. Catalogue.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou. “The Iconography of the Show Towel.” Waterloo Historical Society Annual Report (1976): 49-69.

Ring, Betty. Girlhood Embroidery: American Samplers and Pictorial Needlework 1650-1850, 2. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993.

Schiffer, Margaret B. Historical Needlework of Pennsylvania. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1968.

Swan, Susan Burrows. “Household Textiles.” Arts of the Pennsylvania Germans. New York: Norton, 1983.

__________. Plain and Fancy: American Women and Their Needlework, 1700-1850. New York.: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1977.

Wenger, Carolyn C. “Heritage Focus: A Sampler by Lydia Freed.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 25.4 (October 2002).

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U. Painting

Beck, Ervin. “Glass Painting by Plain People.” Folklife Annual. Washington, D.C.: American Folklife Center, 1988. Pp.112-25. Photographs by Jeff Hochstedler.

_________. “Indiana Amish Family Records.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Winter 1989-90): 73-81.

_________. “Mennonite and Amish Painting on Glass.” MQR 63:2 (April 1989): 115-49.

Bronner, Simon. “Investigating Identity and Expression in Folk Art.” Winterthur Portfolio 16 (1981): 65-83.

__________. “‘We Live What I Paint and I Paint What I See:’ A Mennonite Artist in Northern Indiana.” Indiana Folklore 12 (1979): 5-17.

Friesen, Steve. “Emil ‘Maler’ Kym, Great Plains Folk Artist.” The Clarion (Fall 1978): 34-9.

__________. “The Life and Times of Emil Kym.” Thesis, Cooperstown, 1978.

Genzinger, Peter George. “Mennonite Representations of Nature in the Nineteenth Century.” Thesis, U. of Waterloo, 1995.

Guyer, Joan. “Edward J. Linscheid Artist-Farmer.” Mennonite Life (July 1953): 113-17.

Janzen, Reinhild Kauenhoven. “Keeping Faith and Keeping Time: Old Testament Images on Mennonite Clocks.” Mennonite Life 55:4 (Dec. 2000).  Online.

Jost, Lora and Dave Loewenstein.  Kansas Murals:  A Traveler’s Guide.  Lawrence, KS:  U. Press of Kansas, 2006.

Krahn, Cornelius. “From Plow to Brush: Alexander Harder.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1953): 147-50.

Luthy, David. “Amish Folk Artist: Barbara Ebersol (1846-1922).” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage (April 1991): 2-7.

McCauley, Daniel J. “The Paintings of Henry and Elizabeth Lapp.” Folk Art (Fall 1994): 53-61.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou. “‘I See the Vernal Landscape Glowing:’ The Symbolic Landscape of the Swiss-German Mennonite Settlers in Waterloo County.” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1983): 8-16.

Rosenak, Chuck and Jan. Contemporary American Folk Art: A Collector’s Guide. New York: Abbeville Press, 1996.  Includes Anthony Yoder, Joetown, Iowa.

Stoltzfus, Louise. Two Folk Artists: The Story of Henry Lapp and Barbara Ebersol. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1995.

Stoudt, John Joseph. Consider the Lilies, How They Grow:  An Interpretation of the Symbolism of Pennsylvania German Art.  (rev. ed). Allentown, PA: Schlecter’s, [c. 1966].

Strauch-Nelson, Wendy. “Drawing Amish.” Art Education 52:1 (Jan. 1999): 13-19.

Froese-Tiessen, Hildi, and Paul Gerard Tiessen, eds. A Sunday Afternoon: Paintings by Henry Pauls. Waterloo, ON: Institute of Anabaptist-Mennonite Studies, Sand Hill Books, 1991.

Wiens, B. B. “Cup Readings on a Pitcher.” Mennonite Life (Jan. 1952): 13.

Watson, Kim. “Miss Emma Schrock’s World.” Heritage Country (Spring-Summer 1985): 5-6.

Witmer, Margaret A. “Henry and Elizabeth Lapp: Amish Folk Artists.” Antique Collectindg (May 1979): 22.

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V. Papercutting

Patterson, Nancy-Lou. “The Flowers in the Meadow: The Paper Cuttings of Elizabeth Johns Stahley.” Mennonite Life (March 1979): 16-20.

 

W. Pottery

Bird, Michael S. “Jacob Bock (1978-1867): Early Germanic Potter of Waterloo County.” The Upper Canadian (Nov.-Dec. 1980): 30-31.

Comstock, H. E. The Pottery of the Shenandoah Valley Region. Winston-Salem: Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts, 1994.

Good, Reginald. “J. Jacob Bock: His Folk Art.” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1980): 21-23.

Kaufman, Stanley. Heatwole and Suter Pottery. Harrisonburg, VA: Eastern Mennonite College, 1978. Catalogue.

Suter, Scott Hamilton. The Importance of Making Progress: The Potteries of Emanuel Suter, 1851-1897. Diss., George Washington U., 1994.

Webster, Donald B. The William Eby Pottery: Conestogo, Ontario: 1855-1907. Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1971.

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X. Preaching

Dow, James R. “Chiasmus, Structural Symmetry, and Nonverbal Communication: Toward an Understanding of the Old Order Amish Gemee.” Zeitschrift fur Dialektologie und Linguistik 64 (1989): 125-136.

___________. “Old Order Amish Preaching Style: Ring Construction, Structural Symmetry, and Nonverbal Communication.” Internal and External Perspectives on Amish and Mennonite Life, II. Ed. Werner Enninger, et al. Essen: Unipress, 1986. Pp.18-38.

Greiser, David. “The Franconia Conference Pulpit: Evolution of a Mennonite Preaching Tradition.” Diss., Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1996.

Klopfenstein, Joseph. “A Sermon, ca. 1830.” MQR 58 (July 1984): 296-317.

Miller, Harry H. “The Sleeping Preachers: An Historical Study of the Role of Charisma in Amish Society.” Pennsylvania Folklife 18 (Winter 1968-69): 19-31.

Umble, Roy. “Mennonite Preaching, 1864-1944.” Diss., Northwestern U., 1949.

Yoder, Don. “Trance-Preaching in the United States.” Pennsylvania Folklife 18 (Winter 1968-69): 12-18.

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Y. Proverbs

Fisher, Suzanne Woods.  Amish Proverbs: Words of Wisdom for the Simple Life.  Grand Rapids:  Revell, 2010.

Fogel, Edwin Miller. Proverbs of the Pennsylvania Germans (2nd rev. ed.). Millersville, PA.: Center for Pennsylvania German Studies, Millersburg U., 1995.

Friesen, Victor Carl. The Windmill Turning: Nursery Rhymes, Maxims, and Other Expressions of Western Canadian Mennonites. Edmonton: U. of Alberta, 1988.

Kliewer, Warren. “Collecting Folklore Among Mennonites: Have You Heard These Sayings?” Mennonite Life 16 (July 1961): 109-12.

__________. “Low German Proverbs.” Mennonite Life (April 1960): 77-80.

__________. “Collecting Folklore Among Mennonites.” In Readings in American Folklore. Ed. Jan Harold Brunvand. New York: Norton, 1979. Pp. 22-30.

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Z. Proxemics

“Addressing the Amish by Name.” Country Living 15:4 (Apr 1992): 144.

“The Archaeological Significance of Counting Houses: Ethnoarchaelogical Evidence.” In Modern Material Culture: The Archaeology of U.S. Ed. Richard A. Gould and Michael B. Schiffer. New York: Academic, 1981. Pp. 225-33.

Day, Katie.  “The Construction of Sacred Space in the Urban Ecology.”  Cross Currents 58:3 (September 2008): 426-40.

Enninger, Werner, and Michele Wolff. “Anabaptist Burial Places: A Proxemic Approach.” In Old and New World Anabaptists: Studies on the Language, Culture, Society and Health of the Amish. Ed. James R. Dow, et al. Essen: U. of Essen, 1994. Pp.155-203.

Everitt, John C. “Mennonites in Belize.” Journal of Cultural Geography (Spring-Summer 1983): 82-93.

Gallagher, Thomas E. J. “Causes of Diversity between Old Order Amish Settlements.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Autumn 1993): 2-7.

Harper, Glenn A., and Leslie A. Smight. “They Chose Land Wisely: Settlement Patterns and Land Use among Mennonite Settlers in Southern Adams County, Indiana.” Pioneer America Society Transactions 11 (1988): 73-81.

Hopple, Lee C. “European Religious and Spatial Origins of the Pennsylvania Plain Dutch.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Summer 1979): 2-11.

__________. “Spatial Development of the Southeastern Pennsylvania Plain Dutch Community to 1970.” Pennsylvania Folklife 21 (Winter 1971): 18-40.

__________. “Spatial Development of the Southeastern Pennsylvania Plain Dutch Group Culture Region to 1975.” Pennsylvania Folklife 29 (Autumn 1979): 13-26.

Lamme, Ary J. III, and Douglas B. McDonald. “The ‘North Country’ Amish Homeland.” Journal of Cultural Geography 13 (1993): 107-18.

__________. “Recent Amish Settlement in the North Country.” Material Culture (Summer 1984): 77-91.

Loewen, Royden. “New Themes in an Old Story: Transplanted Mennonites as Group Settlers in North America, 1874-1879.” Journal of American Ethnic History 11 (Winter 1992): 3-26.

Long, Amos J. The Pennsylvania German Family Farm. Breinigsville, PA: Pennsylvania German Society, 1972.

Noble, Allen G. “German-Russian Mennonites in Manitoba.”  In To Build a New Land: Ethnic Landscapes in North America. Ed. Noble. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U. Press, 1992. Pp. 268-84.

Rechlin, Alice T. M. “The Utilization of Space by the Nappanee, Indiana, Old Order Amish: A Minority Group Study.” MQR 46 (Jan. 1972): 84-85.

Sawatzky, Roland M. “The Control of Social Space in Mennonite Housebarns of Manitoba, 1874-1940.” Diss., Simon Fraser U., 2005.

__________. “Ideology, Space, and Social Control:  The Russian-Mennonite Family in Historic Manitoban Domestic Architecture.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 26 (2008):  95-110.

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AA. Quilts

Amish Abstractions: Quilts from the Collection of Faith and Stephen Brown. San Francisco:  Pomegranate, 2009. Essays by Janneken Smucker, Robert Shaw, Joe Cunningham.

“Amish Quilts: Simply Beautiful.” Americana 18:3 (Aug. 1990): 65.

Bale-Becker, Luanne and Bob Becker. Unraveling the Stories: Quilts as Reflections of Our Lives. Video. BB Sound and Light. Cleveland 1997. [Ohio Mennonite Relief Sale].

Bearley, Darwin O. (with Jonathan Holstein).  Antique Ohio Amish Quilts: The Darwin D. Bearley Collection.  [Stuttgart:]  Bernina, 2006.  Text in English, French, German.

Bishop, Robert Charles. A Gallery of Amish Quilts: Design Diversity from a Plain People. New York: Dutton, 1976.

Born, Daniel. “From Cross to Cross-Stitch: The Ascendancy of the Quilt.” MQR  79.2 (April 2005): 179-90.

Bower, Terry. “Quilting: An Amish and Mennonite Tradition.” Collage 4 (1984): 85-93.

Boyer, Lisa. That Dorky Homemade Look: Quilting Lessons from a Parallel Universe. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 2002.

Boynton, Linda. “The Quilting Anabaptists: Amish and Mennonite Designs.” Craft Range (Sept.-Oct. 1983): 1-4.

__________. “Recent Changes in Amish Quiltmaking.” Uncoverings, ed. Sally Garoutte. San Francisco: American Quilt Study Group, 1986: 41-42.

Brachman, Barbara, et al. Kansas Quilts and Quilters. Lawrence, Kan.: U. Press of Kansas, 1993.

__________. “The Strip Tradition in European-American Quilts.” The Clarion (Fall 1989): 44- 51.

Burnham, Dorothy K. Pieced Quilts of Ontario. Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1975.

Burrows, Ann S. “Quilts and Quilt Marking.” Pennsylvania Folklife 33 (Summer 1984): 29-31, 173-75.

Cheek, Cheryl. “Quilting as Age Identity Expression in Traditional Women.” International Journal of Aging and Human Development 15.1 (May 2008): 13-24.

__________. and Kathleen Piercy. “Quilting as a Tool in Resolving Erikson’s Adult Stage of Human Development.” Journal of Adult Development 15:1 (May 2008):  13-24.

Conroy, Mary. Canada’s Quilts. Toronto: Griffin House, 1976.

__________. “Canada Quilts Today.” Crafts Dimensions Artisanales (Dec. 1974 - Jan. 1975): 3-5.

__________. “Mennonite Quilts.” Canada Quilts 5 (1974): 15.

__________. “Mennonite Quilts.” Canada Quilts 6 (April 1975): 3.

Cunningham, Joe. Amish Quilts 1880 to 1940 from the Collection of Faith and Stephen Brown. Ann Arbor: U. of Michigan Museum of Art, 2000. 80 pp.

Dawson, Kathleen, ed.  Quilting Traditions: The Art of the Amish.  [Athens, OH:  Dairy Barn Arts Center [2010]].

Eckhardt, Allison Ledes. “Amish Quilts.” Antiques 156:3 (Sept. 1999): 234-35.

Einstein, Susan and David Pottinger. “Amish Interiors.” The Quilt Digest, rev. ed. San Francisco: Quilt Digest Press, 1985:  Pp. 14-23.

Farley, Sara Reimer. “The Developing Mennonite Quilting Tradition: A History of Culture and Faith.” In Kansas Quilts and Quilters. Ed. Barbara Brachman. Lawrence, KS: U. of Kansas Press, 1993. Pp. 126-55.

Faubion, Trish. “The Amish and the Hmong: Two Cultures and One Quilt.” Piecework 1 (1993): 26-35.

Folsom, Jan. “The Amish and the Hmong: A Personal Perspective.” Piecework 1 (1993): 36-38.

Forrest, John. “Visual Aesthetics for Five Senses and Four Dimensions: An Ethnographic Approach to Aesthetic Objects.” Digging into Popular Culture: Theories and Methodologies in Archaeology, Anthropology and Other Fields. Ed. Ray B. and Pat Browne. Bowling Green, O.: Popular, 1991. Pp. 48-57.

“A Gallery of Amish Quilts.” Good Housekeeping (May 1980): 125.

Gardens of Spring: Indiana Amish Quilts. Indianapolis: Indiana State Museum, 1992. Catalogue.

Geigley, Miller B. “My Mother’s Quilting Bees.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1961): 186-87.

__________. “Quilts Are Like a Family Album.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1962): 187-88.

Gibson, Heather. “Embroidered History and Familiar Patterns:  Textiles as Expressions of Hmong and Mennonite Lives.” Thesis, U. of Toronto, 2006.

Gilberg, L. S. Needlepoint Designs from Amish Quilts. New York: Scribners, 1997.

Glick, Maggie. “They Call Her the Quilt Lady.” Heritage Country (Fall-Winter 1983): 24-25.

Goldsmith, Becky and Linda Jenkins. Amish-Inspired Quilts:  Tradition with a Piece O’Cake Twist: Lafayette, CA: C & T Publishers, 2006.

Granick, Eve Wheatcroft. The Amish Quilt. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1989.

__________. “A Century of Old Order Amish Quiltmaking in Mifflin County.” In In the Heart of Pennsylvania: Symposium Papers. Ed. Jeanette Lasansky. Lewisburg, PA: Oral Traditions, 1986.

__________. “Change and Tradition in Lancaster County Quilt Making.” Antiques (Oct. 1990): 766-75.

__________. “Fabric and the Amish Quilt: Traditions, Sources and Change.” On the Cutting Edge: Textile Collectors, Collections and Traditions. Ed. Jeanette Lasansky. Lewisburg, PA: Oral Traditions Project, 1994. Pp. 48-55.

Gustafson, Eleanor H. “Museum Accessions.” Antiques 124 (1983) : 226-32.

Haarer, Rebecca. “Anna’s Quilt.” Heritage Country (Fall-Winter 1983): 22-23.                     

Habegger, LaVeta and David L. “A Forgotten Friendship Quilt Creates Family Connections.” Mennonite Family History 27.3 (July 2008):  Pp. 116-23.

Haders, Phyllis. “Quilts: The Art of the Amish.” In America’s Glorious Quilts. Ed. Dennis Duke and Deborah Harding. New York: Hugh Lauter Levin Association, 1987. Pp. 108-31.

__________. Sunshine and Shadow: The Amish and their Quilts. New York: Universe Books, 1976.

Hanson, Marin F. “Quilts as Manifestations of Cross-Cultural Contact: East-West and Amish-”English” Examples.” Uncoverings 24 (2003): 99-129.

Harshbarger, Eva. “Grandmother’s Quilt.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1948): 12-13, 46.

Havig, Bettina Baker. Amish Kinder Komforts. Paduca, KY: American Quilter’s Society, 1996.

__________. “A Dominion of Quiet: The Amish Quiltmaker’s World.” Missouri Folklore Society Journal 5 (1983): 19-24.

Hayes, Connie, and Evelyn Gleason. “Nebraska Quilts: The Discovery of a Distinctive Style of Amish Quilts.” Antique Collecting (Jan. 1979): 21-28.

Heller, Karen. “The Fancy Quilts of the Plain People.” Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine. Jan. 25, 1987, p. 22.

Henry, Jean. “Hmong and Pennsylvania German Textiles: Needlework Traditions in Transition in Lancaster County.” Folk Art (Summer 1995): 40-46.

Herr, Patricia T. Amish Quilts of Lancaster County. Atglen, PA:  Schiffer, 2004.

__________.  Quilting Traditions: Pieces from the Past. Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 2000.

__________. “Quilts Within Amish Culture.” In A Quiet Spirit: Amish Quilts from the Collections of Cindy Tietze and Stuart Hodosh. Los Angeles: UCLA Museum of Cultural History, 1996. Pp. 60-62.

__________. Selected Quilts from the Landis Valley Museum Collection, April 2002. [Lancaster, PA: Landis Valley Museum], 2002.

__________.”What Distinguishes a Pennsylvania Quilt.” In In the Heart of Pennsylvania Symposium Papers. Ed. Jeannette Lasansky. Lewisburg, PA: Oral Traditions Project, 1986.

Hess, Clark.  Lancaster County Privy Bags.  Ephrata, PA:  Historical Society of Cocalico Valley, 2009 [exhibit catalog].

Holstein, Jonathan. Abstract Design in American Quilts: A Biography of an Exhibition. Louisville, KY: Kentucky Quilt Project, 1991.

__________. The Pieced Quilt: An American Design Tradition. New York: Galahad Books, 1973.

__________. American Pieced Quilts. New York: Viking, 1973.

Holstein, Sara Laurel, “In Plain Sight: The Aesthetics of Amish Quilts. In A Quiet Spirit: Amish Quilts from the Collection of Cindy Tietz and Stuart Hodosk. Los Angeles: UCLA Fowler Museum, 1996. Pp. 243-59.

__________. “Sewing and Sowing: Cultural Contenuity in an Amish Quilt.” In American Artifacts: Essays in Material Culture. Ed. Jules David and Kenneth Haltman. E. Lansing: Michigan State U., 2000.

Hughes, Robert. Amish: The Art of the Quilt. New York: Knopf, 1990.

J.W. “How to Buy an Amish Quilt.” National Geographic Traveler 10:4 (Jul/Aug. 1993): 65.

Jenkins, Mary and Clare Claridge.  Making Welsh Quilts:  The Textile Tradition That Inspired the Amish?  Newton Abbot, UK:  David and Charles, 2005. 

Kaethler, Marjorie, and Susan D. Shantz. Quilts of Waterloo County. Waterloo, ON: Johanns Graphics, 1990.

The Kalona Heritage: Amish and Mennonite Culture, Religion, Recipes, Quilts, Country Scenes. Iowa City: Penfield Press, 1983.

Karlins, N.F. “American Folk Art in Corporate Collections.” The Clarion 13:2 (Spring 1988):  33-47.

Kauffman, Connie. Piecefully Amish. Paducah, KY: American Quilter’s Society, 2002.

Kraybill, Donald B., and Patricia T. Herr. A Quiet Spirit: Amish Quilts from the Collection of Cindy Tietze and Stuart Hodosh. Los Angeles: UCLA Fowler Museum, 1996.

Keller, Patricia J. The Quilts of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania:  Production, Context, and Meaning. 1750-1884.  Diss., U. of Delaware, 2007.

Kreider, Robert. “Windows to the Mennonite Experience in America: A Photographic Essay.” Mennonite Life (June 1978): 24-46.

Lahoda, Shirley, and Kay Sayers. “Mennonite Quilts.” Canada Quilts (June 1975).

Lasansky, Jeannette. Bits and Pieces: Textile Traditions. Lewisburg, PA: Oral Traditions Project, 1991.

__________. In the Heart of Pennsylvania. Lewisburg, Pa.: Oral Traditions Project of the Union County Historical Society, 1985.

__________, ed. On the Cutting Edge: Textile Collectors, Collections and Traditions. Lewisburg, PA: Oral Traditions Project, 1995.

Legret, Jacques. Quilts Amish & Quelques Autres Patchworks Mennonites. Geneva: Labor et Fides, 2001.

Lithgow, Marilyn. Quiltmaking & Quiltmakers. New York.: Funk and Wagnall’s, 1974.

Marr, Lucille. “‘The Time for the Distaff and Spindle’: The Ontario Women’s Sewing Circles and the Mennonite Central Committee.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 17 (1999): 130-51.

Martin, Lori. Heirloom Quilt Designs for Today. Atglen, PA:  Schiffer, 2007.

McKendry, Ruth. Quilts and Other Bed Coverings in the Canadian Tradition. Toronto: Van Norstrand Reinhold, 1979.

McLary, Kathleen, and David Pottinger. Amish Style: Clothing, Home Furnishings, Toys, Dolls, and Quilts. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1993.

McLaughlin, Elizabeth.  “Quiltmaking as Living Metaphor:  A Study of the African AIDS Quilt as a Visual Parable of the Peaceable Kingdom.”  JCR 27 (Nov 2004): 141-68.

“Mennonite Quilts Are a Comfort and Joy.” Victorian Homes (Winter 1983): 51, 71-72.

Milspaw, Yvonne J. “Regional Style in Quilt Design.” Journal of American Folklore 110 (Fall 1997): 363-90.

Morioka, Michiyo, and William Jay Rathbun. “Tsutsugaki and Katazome.” In Beyond the Tanabata Bridge: Traditional Japanese Textiles. Ed. Rathbun. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1994.

Musee d’art et d’histoire Geneve. Amish Quilts, 1870-1920. Geneva: Musee d’art et d’histoire, 1975.

Musee des Arts Decoratifs de la Ville de Lausanne, Villamont 4. Quilts des Amish, 1870- 1930. Zurich: Musee des Arts Decoratifs Lausanne, 1988.

Nassau County Museum of Fine Arts. Amish Quilts. Roslyn Harbor, NY: Nassau County Museum of Fine Arts, 1985.

Nomura, Nao and Janneken Smucker. “From Fibers to Fieldwork:  A Multi-Faceted Approach to Re-examining Amish Quilts.” Uncoverings 27 (2006):  127-30, 146-47.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou. “Colour in Mennonite Quilts.” Canada Quilts (Sept. 1975): 15.

__________. “Quilts.” Quilts by Waterloo Region Mennonites. Dundas, ON: St. James Anglican Church, 1974. Catalogue.

__________. “Quilts in Mennonite Life.” Canada Quilts (March 1975): 1, 3.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou et al. “Mennonite Quilts.” Canada Quilts (Sept. 1975): 10.

Patton, Phil. “The Amish Quilt.” Portfolio: The Magazine of the Visual Arts (Aug./Sept. 1979): 14-19.

Peck, Amelia. American Quilts and Coverlets in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York.: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1990.

Pellman, Rachel and Kenneth. Amish Crib Quilts. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1985.

__________. Amish Doll Quilts, Dolls and Other Playthings. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1986.

__________. A Treasury of Amish Quilts. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1990.

__________. A Treasury of Mennonite Quilts. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1992.

__________. The World of Amish Quilts. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1984.

Pellman, Rachel T., and Joanne Ranck. Quilts Among the Plain People. Lancaster, PA: Good Books, 1981.

Piercy, Kathleen W. “Tending and Befriending: The Intertwined Relationships of Quilters.” Journal of Women and Aging 16:1-2 (2004): 17-34.

Plett, Lynette. “Thinking Back Through Our Mothers:  A Sampler Quilt of Kleine Gemeinde Mennonite Women and Country Homemakers.” Diss., U. of Toronto, 2006.

Pottinger, David. Quilts from the Indiana Amish: A Regional Collection. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1983.

Prochnow, Dave and Kathy.  Quilts Sold!: A Guide to Heirloom and Antique Quilts.  Gretna, LA: Pelican, 2006.

Quilt Collections: A Directory for the United States and Canada. Washington, D.C.: Acropolis Books, 1987.

Rake, Valerie S. “A Thread of Continuity: Quiltmaking in Wayne County, Ohio, Mennonite Churches, 1890s-1990s” Uncoverings: Research Papers of the American Quilt Study Group 20 (1999): 31-62.

Safanda, Elizabeth M. “The Amish Quilts of Lancaster County 1860 to 1930.” Pennsylvania Folklife 33 (Winter 1983-84): 67-75.

Safford, Carleton L, and Robert Bishop. America’s Quilts and Coverlets. New York: Dutton, 1972.

Schorsch, Anita. Plain and Fancy: Country Quilts of the Pennsylvania Germans. New York: Sterling/Main Street, 1992.

Shaw, Robert.  American Quilts:  The Democratic Art, 1780-2007.  New York:  Sterling, 2009.

Siemens, Ruth Derksen. “Quilt as Text and Text as Quilt: The Influence of Genre in the Mennonite Girls’ Home of Vancouver, 1930-1960.” Journal of Mennonite Studies 17 (1999): 118-29.

Silber, Julie. Amish Quilts of Lancaster County. San Francisco: Esprit de Corps, 1990.

__________. The Esprit Quilt Collection. San Francisco: Esprit de Corps, 1985. Catalog.

Smucker, Janneken, et al. Amish Crib Quilts from the Midwest: The Sara Miller Collection. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 2003.

­­__________. "Destination Amish Quilt Country: The Consumption of Quilts in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania."  MQR 80:2 (April 2006): 185-206.

__________. “Pieced in the Plains: Kansas Amish Quilts and Cultural Adaptation.” Great Plains Quarterly 24:1 (Winter 2004): 3-15.

Steward, James Christen. “Foreword.” Amish Quilts 1880 to 1940 from the Collection of Faith and Stephen Brown. Ann Arbor: U. of Michigan Museum of Art, 2000.

Tanenhouse, Ruth Amdur. “Pennsylvania German Quilts.” In Americana: Folk and Decorative Arts. New York: Art and Antiques Billboard, 1982. Pp. 104-13.

Thirlwall, Lynda McIntosh. “Mennonite Quilts of Fresno County, California: 1900- 1940.” Thesis, California State U., Fresno, 1994.

Tomlonson, Judy Schroeder. Mennonite Quilts and Pieces. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1985.

“The Tracks in the Sand: The Quilt Collection of Nancy-Lou and E. Palmer Patterson.” Waterloo, ON: Joseph Schneider Haus, [date?].

Trifonoff, Karen M. “Amish Culture as Preserved in Quilts.” Journal of Cultural Geography (Winter 1989): 63-73.

Walker, Michael, and Virginia Eckard. “Electric Quilts.” Metropolitan Home (March 1984): 77-80.

Warren, Elizabeth V. “Amish Quilts in the Museum of American Folk Art.” Antiques (Sept. 1987): 514-23.

__________. “Color and Design in Amish Quilts.” Quilt Connection 11.2 (Spring 1999): 2+

Wass, Janice Tauer. Illinois Amish Quilts: Sharing Threads of Tradition. Springfield: Illinois State Museum, 2002.

Weintraub, Boris. “Amish Quilts: The Key is Geography.” National Geographic 188:5 (Nov. 1995): 1.

Whitcomb, Claire. “Travel / Indiana Antiques.” House Beautiful (June 1984): 54, 56-58, 199-201.

Youngs, Rosemary.  The Amish Circle Quilt: 121 Quilt Block Patterns that Tell a Story.  Iola, WI: Kp Books, 2004.

Back to Outline

 

BB. Rhymes

Friesen, Victor Carl. The Windmill Turning: Nursery Rhymes, Maxims, and Other Expressions of Western Canadian Mennonites. Edmonton: U. of Alberta, 1988.

Harder, Bertha Fast. “Low German for Children Rhymes and Poems.” Mennonite Life (Sept. 1981): 12-16.

Haury, David A. “Bethel College Centennial: Lizzie Wirkler’s Autograph Book.” Mennonite Life (Dec. 1983): 27.

Kliewer, Warren. “Low German Children’s Rhymes.” Mennonite Life (July 1959): 141- 42.

__________. “More Low German Children’s Rhymes.” Mennonite Life (Oct. 1960): 173-74.

Back to Outline

 

CC. Tales and Jokes

Beck, Ervin. “Amish Joking.” Journal of the Center for Mennonite Writing (July 2009).  Online.

______.“Menno’s Children: Tricksters All.” Goshen College Bulletin (May 1983): 6-7.

______. “Stories Mennonites Tell.” Gospel Herald (31 Jan. 1984): 68-71.

Brendle, Thomas R., and William S. Trofell. Pennsylvania German Folk Tales. Publication Series, Vol. 50. Norristown, PA: Pennsylvania German Society, 1944.

Bruvand, Jan Harold. “The Taming of the Shrew Tale in the United States.” In Bruvand, ed. The Study of American Folklore. New York: Norton, 1978. Pp. 360-71.

Chornoboy, Eleanor Hildebrand. Faspa with Joy:  A Snack of Family Stories Told by Family and Guests. [Canada:  The author], 2007.

Good, Merle, Rebecca Good and Kate Good. Menno-lite: A Humorous Look at Mennonite Life. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 2001.

Lancaster, O.S.S. “‘All’ Stories.” Pennsylvania Dutchman (Feb. 1954): 2.

Loeb, Louisa, ed. Down Singing Centuries: Folk Literature of the Ukraine. Winnipeg: Hyperion Press, 1981.

McCabe-Juhnke, John. “Enacting Gemeinde in the Language and Style of Swiss Volhynian Mennonite Storytelling.” Heritage of the Great Plains 27:2 (Summer 1994): 21-38.

Mumaw, John R. “Mennonite Folklore.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Spring 1960): 38-40.

Reimer, Al, et al, eds. A Sackful of Plautdietsch: A Collection of Mennonite Low German Stories and Poems. Winnipeg: Hyperion Press, 1983.

Schlabach, Kyle. The Cow in Science Hall and Other Goshen College Folklore. Goshen, IN: Pinchpenny Press, 1994.

Smith, Elmer Lewis. “Amish Stories.” The Almanac of Pennsylvania Dutch Folklore (1960): 33-34.

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DD. General Works

“Amish Weather Vanes.” Country Living (Sept. 1988): 108-09.

Beck, Ervin. MennoFolk: Mennonite and Amish Folk Traditions. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2004.

            Ch. 1, “Stories and Functions,” 25-35.

            Ch. 2, “Inter-Mennonite Ethnic Slurs,” 36-52.

            Ch. 3, “Origin Tales and Beliefs,” 53-75.

            Ch. 4, “Trickster Tales,” 76-95.

            Ch. 5, “The Reggie Jackson Urban Legend,” 96-122.

            Ch. 6, “CPS Protest Songs,” 123-148.

            Ch. 7, “Painting on Glass,” 149-171.

            Ch. 8, “Indiana Amish Family Records,” 172-187.

            Ch. 9, “The Relief Sale Festival,” 188-209.

__________. MennoFolk 2: A Sampler of Mennonite and Amish Folklore. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2005.

            Ch. 1,  John Liechty, “Erblore,” 17-30.

            Ch. 2, Marilyn Graber, “Nicknames in the Lockport Church,” 31-43.

            Ch. 3, Martin Franke, “Arthur Emmert’s Horse-Trading Stories,” 44-56.

            Ch. 4, Phyllis Miller, “Amish Powwow Accounts,” 57-65.

            Ch. 5, Julia Friesen, “Low German Insults and Proverbs,” 66-79.

            Ch. 6, Jeanette Moreau, “Lyal Steckly’s Homesteading Stories,” 80-90.

            Ch. 7, Peter Blum, “Mennonite Foot-Washing Accounts,” 91-102.

            Ch. 8, Reba Smoker Beeson, “Three Amish Folktales,” 103-13.

            Ch. 9, Joy Frey, “Three Generations of Frey Auctioneers,” 114-29.

            Ch. 10, Jane Hiebert-White, “Allen White’s Bedtime Stories,” 130-46.

            Ch. 11, Leah Mullet Hershberger, “Courtship Stories,” 147-57.

            Ch. 12, Marcy Leaman Sims, “Adoption Stories,” 158-66.

            Ch. 13, Paula Brunk Kuhns, “Summer Camp Skits,” 167-80.

            Ch. 14, Gina Leichty, “SST Stories,” 181-201.

            Ch. 15, Ann Helmuth Leaman, “Howell House Lore,” 202-211.

            Ch. 16, Chris Cummings, “College Pranks,” 212-29.

            Ch. 17, Ervin Beck, “Alice Ipps and Sammy Blitz,” 230-42.

__________. “Plain and Fancy: A Review of Research in Mennonite Folk Arts.” MQR 71:1 (Jan. 1997): 69-91.

__________. “The Study of Mennonite Folklore and Folklife.”  MQR 81:1 (Jan. 2007): 107-24.

Bird, Michael S., and Terry Kobayashi. A Splendid Harvest: Germanic Folk and Decorative Arts in Canada. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1981.

Brandt, Mindy and Thomas E. Gallagher. “Tourism and the Old Order Amish.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Winter 1993-94): 71-75.

Brednich, Rolf. Mennonite Folklife and Folklore: A Preliminary Report. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1977.

Burd, Gene.  “Amish Enterprise: From Plows to Profits.”  Utopian Studies 15:2 (2004): 246-50

Burke, Susan M. and Matthew H. Hill, eds. From Pennsylvania to Waterloo: Pennsylvania-German Folk Culture in Transition. Kitchener, ON: Friends of the Joseph Schneider Haus, 1991.

—Susan M. Burke and Clarke E. Hess, “A Word from the Curators,” 14-15.

—”Exhibit Folio of Coloured Plates,” 16-24.

—Frederick S. Weiser, “Two Plus Two Makes Three,” 15-34.

—Kenneth McLaughlin, “Waterloo County: A Pennsylvania-German Homeland,” 35-46.

—David R. Johnson, “The Fraktur of Northeastern Lancaster County,” 47-54.

—Michael S. Bird, “Taking It and Leaving It: Fraktur in Waterloo County,” 55-66.

—Tandy Hersh, “Pennsylvania-Mennonite Foodways,” 97-108.

—Mara Hollands, “Garden to Table: Continuity and Change in the Gardens of Waterloo’s Mennonites,” 109-16.

—Edna Staebler, “Foodways of the Waterloo County Relatives,” 117-24.

—Matthew H. Hill, ed., “Folkways: Personal Views,” 125-40. “Continuity and Change in Context,” 141-44.

Canas Bottos, Lorenzo, “Transformations of Old Colony Mennonites:  The Making of a Trans-Statal Community.” Global Networks 8.2 (April 2008):  214-31.

Chkabra, Deepa, “How They See Us:  Perceived Effects of Tourist Gaze on the Old Order Amish.” Journal of Travel Research 49:1 (Feb. 2010): 93-105.

Cong, Dachang. “The Roots of Amish Popularity in Contemporary U. S. A.Journal of American Culture 17:1 (Spring 1994): 59-66.

Conrad, Toni.  Der Reggebogge 26.1 (1992).  On Amish men’s diaries.

DeVries, George Jr. “Lessons from an Alternative Culture: The Old Order Amish.” Christian Scholar’s Review 10:3 (1981): 218-28.

Dow, James R. “Toward an Understanding of Some Subtle Stresses on Language Maintenance Among the Old Order Amish of Iowa.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language 69 (1988): 19-31.

Dutcher, Vi. “ ‘Hurry Back’: The Circle Letter as Communal Liaison in Women’s Literary Practice.” Journal of the Center for Mennonite Writing (July 2009). Online.

Dow, James R. et al, eds. Old and New World Anabaptists: Studies on the Language, Culture, Society and Health of the Amish and Mennonites. Essen: U. of Essen, 1994.

Einaisson, Magnus and Helga Taylor, ed. Just for Nice: German-Canadian Folk Art. Gatineau, QC, Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1993.

Enninger, Werner. “On the Organization of Sign-Processes in an Old Order Amish (OOA) Parochial School.” Research on Language and Social Interaction 21 (1987): 143-70.

__________. “The Theme of Ethnicity in the Literature of the Old Order Amish,” In Their Own Words 3:1 (Spring 1986): 3-35.

Fishman, Andrea R. “Because This is Who We Are: Writing in the Amish Community.” In Writing in the Community. Ed. David Barton, et al. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1991. Pp. 14-37.

Folk and Decorative Art of the Shenandoah Valley. Elkton, Va.: Shenandoah Valley Folklore Society, 1993.

Forrest, John. “Visual Aesthetics for Five Senses and Four Dimensions: An Ethnographic Approach to Aesthetic Objects.” In Digging into Popular Culture: Theories and Methodologies in Archeology, Anthropology and Other Fields. Ed. Ray and Pat Brown. Bowling Green, OH: Popular, 1991. Pp. 48-57.

Friesen, Victor Carl.  Forever Home:  Good Old Days on the Farm.  Fifth House, 2004. 

__________.  The Gift of Country Life.  Toronto: Natural Heritage Books, 2005.

Fuchs, Tracy Ruta. Beauty and Sustenance:  A History of Mennonite Gardens and Orchards in Russia and Manitoba.  Steinbach, MAN:  Mennonite Heritage Village, 2007.

Garvan, Beatrice B., and Charles F. Hummel. The Pennsylvania Germans: A Celebration of Their Arts 1683-1850. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1982.

Harden, Mike. “End of an Era in Amish Country” (The Budget). Editor & Publisher, Nov. 6, 2000: 55-7.

Hartman, Joel A. “Old Order Amish and Old Order Mennonites in Missouri.” In The German-American Experience in Missouri. Ed. Howard Wight Marshall and James W. Goodrich. Columbia: U. of Missouri, 1986. Pp. 140-57.

Hasek, Glenn. “Amish Artistry.” Ohio Magazine 26:6 (Sept. 2003): 40-46.

Heisey, D. Ray. “A Rhetorical Analysis of the Personal Letters of Henry L. Heisey at Age Nineteen.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 32:2 (April 2009): 2-7.

Herr, Patricia L. Amish Arts of Lancaster County. Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 1998.

Hurwitz, Laural Holmespun: An Intimate Portrait of an Amish and Mennonite Community. Belleview, WA: Eaglemont Press, 2002.

Hess, Clarke E. Mennonite Arts. Atglen, PA: Schiffer, c. 2001.

Hinz-Penner, Raylene.  Searching for Sacred Ground:  The Journey of Chief Lawrence Hart, Mennonite. Telford, PA:  Cascadia, 2007.

Hostetler, John A. “The Old Order Amish on the Great Plains: A Study in Cultural Vulnerability.” In Ethnicity on the Great Plains. Ed. Frederick C. Luebke. Lincoln: U. of Nebraska, 1980. Pp. 92-108.

____________. Amish Roots: A Treasury of History, Wisdom and Lore. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U. Press, 1989.

Johnson-Weaver, Karen M. Train up a Child: Old Order Amish and Mennonite Schools. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 2007.

__________ “Reinforcing a Separate Amish Identity: English Instruction and the Preservation of Culture in Old Order Amish Schools.” In Language and Lives. Ed. James R. Dow and Michele Wolff. New York: Peter Lang, 1997.

Kasdorf, Julia Mae. “Fixing Tradition: The Cultural Work of Joseph W. Yoder and His Relationship with the Amish Community of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania.” Diss., New York U., 1988.

Kaufman, Stanley, and Leroy Beachy. Amish in Eastern Ohio. Walnut Creek, OH: German Culture Museum, 1990.

Kaufman, Stanley, and Ricky Clark. Germanic Folk Culture in Eastern Ohio. Walnut Creek, OH: German Culture Museum, 1986.

Kline, David. Great Possessions: An Amish Farmer’s Journal. San Francisco: North Point, 1990. Foreword by Wendell Berry.

Kraybill, Donald and James P. Hurd.  Horse-and-Buggy Mennonites—Hoofbeats of Humility in a Postmodern World.  University Park, PA:  Pennsylvania State University Press, 2006.

Kulig, Judith C. “Being a Woman:  Perspectives of Low-German-Speaking Mennonite Women.” Health Care for Women International 30:4 (April 2009): 324-38.

Lee, Daniel B. “Black Hats and White Bonnets: Religious Ritual and Belief among Weaverland Conference Mennonites.” Diss., Syracuse U., 1995.

Lehman, Daniel W. “Graven Images and the (Re)Presentation of Amish Trauma.” MQR 72:4 (Oct. 1998): 577-78.

Lehman, Marilyn E. “Writing Women’s Lives. Self-representation in Amish Women’s Diaries.” Thesis, U. of Texas, Austin, 2006.

Locher, Paul G., et al. Decorative Arts of Ohio’s Sonnenberg Mennonites. Kidron, OH: Kidron Community Historical Society, 1994.

Loewen, Royden. Diaspora in the Countryside:  Two Mennonite Communities and Mid-Twentieth Century Rural Disjunction. Urbana: U. of Illinois Press, 2006.

______. From the Inside Out:  The Rural Worlds of Menno Diarists, 1663 to 1929. Winnipeg: U. of Manitoba, [c. 1999].

McCauley, Daniel and Kathryn. Decorative Arts of the Amish of Lancaster County. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1988.

McLary, Kathleen. Amish Style: Clothing, Home Furnishing, Toys, Dolls and Quilts. Bloomington: Indiana U. Press, 1993.

The Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1-4 and Supplement. Scottdale, Pa.: Mennonite Publishing House, 1955-1990. Contains entries on many of the topics in this bibliographic outline. In the Supplement, especially, see articles by Ervin Beck on Furniture and Woodworking, Folklore, Folk Arts, Ballads, Clocks.

Meyers, Thomas J. “Social Change in the Amish Communities of Northern Indiana.” In Old and New World Anabaptists: Studies on the Language, Culture, Society and Health of the Amish and Mennonites. Ed. James R. Dow, et al. Essen: U. of Essen, 1994. Pp. 10-20.

Mills, Rachel Joanne. “Communicating Community:  Russian and Canadian Mennonite Correspondence, 1850-1900.” Libraries and the Cultural Record. 44.1 (2009): 124-37.

Muddy Creek Farm Library.  Catalog of Museum Exhibit.  Ephrata, PA:  Muddy Creek Farm Library, 2009.

Neufeldt, Reina C. “Tolerant Exclusion:  Expanding Constricted Narratives of Wartime Ethnic and Civic Nationalism.” Nations and Nationalism 15:2 (April 2009): 206-26.

Nolt, Steve. “Ethnicity and the Faithful Church.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 26:4 (October 2003): 2-9.

__________. “Plain People and the Refinement of America.” Mennonite Historical Bulletin 60:4 (Oct. 1999): 1-11.

Olshan, Marc A. “Freedom vs. Meaning: Aichinger’s ‘Bound Man’ and the Old Order Amish.” Rural Sociology 42:2 (1981): 297-309.

___________. “Modernity, the Folk Society, and the Old Order Amish: An Alternative Interpretation.” Rural Sociology 42:2 (1981): 297-309.

Parsons, William T. “The Modernizing Effect of the Marketplace upon Old Order Society, 1727-1987.” Pennsylvania Folklife (Autumn 1989): 37-46.

__________. “The Pernicious Effects of Witness upon Plain-Worldly Relations.” In Internal and External Perspectives on Amish and Mennonite Life, II. Ed. Werner Enninger, et al. Essen: Unipress, 1986. Pp. 93-124.

Patterson, Nancy-Lou. Swiss-German and Dutch-German Mennonite Traditional Art in the Waterloo Region, Ontario. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1979.

__________. Wreath and Bough: Decorative Arts of Amish-Mennonite Settlers in Waterloo County. Waterloo: Ontario German Folklife Society, 1983.

Plancke, Frits. “The Amish Way: A Taoist Approach.” In Internal and External Perspectives on Amish and Mennonite Life, II. Ed. Werner Enninger, et al. Essen: Unipress, 1986. Pp. 225-40.

Platte, Petra and Joanne F. Zelten. “Body Image in the Old Order Amish: A People Separate from ‘The World.’” International Journal of Eating Disorders 28:4 (Dec. 2000); 408-.

Pratt, Dorothy Ann Overstreet. “A Study in Cultural Persistence: The Amish in Lagrange County, Indiana, 1841-1945.” Diss., U. of Notre Dame, 1997.

Prystupa, Steve. “Diversity and Flux in Manitoba Mennonite Material Culture. In Just for Nice: Germano-Can adian Folk Art. Ed. Magnus Einoisson and Helga Taylor. Hull: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1993. Pp. 28-34.

Ratzlaff, Gerald.  Humor and Mennonitische Art in Paraguay.  Asuncion:  G. Ratzlaff, 2008.

Redekop, Magdalen. “Charms & Riddles in the Mennonite Barnyard.” English Studies in Canada 19:2 (June 1993): 209-27.

Richman, Irvin. Pennsylvania German Arts: More than Hearts, Parrots, and Tulips. Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 2001.

__________.  Pennsylvania German Farms, Gardens, and Seeds:  Landis Valley in Four Centuries.  Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 2007.

Rubin, Cynthia Elyce. “Swiss Folk Art: Celebrating America’s Roots.” The Clarion (Fall 1991): 4-12.

Siemens, Ruth Derksen. Remember Us:  Letters from Stalin’s Gulag (1930-37). Vol. 1, The Regehr Family. Kitchener, ON:  Pandora Press. 2008.

__________.  “’Writing through the Flowers’:  Masked Messages in Letters from Siberian Special Settlements, 1930-1938.”  Journal of Mennonite Studies 30 (2012): 217-36.

Smucker, David J. Rempel “Image Icons of Pennsylvania Mennonite and Amish History.” Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage 26:1 (Jan. 2003): 18-29.

Smucker, Jannehen.  “Mennonite (Folk) Culture [Response to Ervin Beck].” MQR 81:1 (Jan. 2007): 129-30.

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Edited by Linda Rouch, June 2012