A Bibliography for Art Education
These are some of the offerings in the Goshen College Good Library. Browse the stacks for others.

Periodicals Reference work Art Ed Links Books Curriculum Library Internet

This drawing is based on the memory of an actual experience. It is the "visual journal" of a child.  The loft includes hay bales and a cat.  Below is the horse stall and, most importantly, Beth riding Rhoda the horse.

Subject matter content or topics for children's art is mainly based on three sources:
  • Remembered experience
  • Imagined experience
  • Actual observation

    Drawing © Beth Bartel, age 10 felt tip on newsprint paper

18 x 18 inches

Photos of artwork © Marvin Bartel - 1999.

Periodicals Reference wor ks Books Curriculum Library Internet


Alexander and Day, editors, Discipline-Based Art Education: A Curriculum Sampler . 1991. Has sample lesson plans.

Armstrong, Thomas. Multiple intelligences in the classroom. c1994. LB1025.3 .A76   Covers Teaching, Cognitive styles,  Learning, and  Intellect.

Arnheim, Rudolf, Thoughts on Art Education . 1990. N 85 .A64 17 very articulate short essays, easy to read. Examples: "No Art without Function," "The Values of Expression," and "Materials Have Character." (noted in ch 2 of text)

Arnheim, Rudolf. Visual thinking . 1969. N70 .A693  Covers visual perception and the philosophy of art. (noted in ch 6, 9 of text)

Armstrong, Carmen L., Designing Assessment in Art. 1994. How to evaluate art and art programs.
Art Education: Middle/Junior High School - NAEA

Armstrong, T. Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom . 1994. A description of strategies for using multisensory processes for teaching, learning, and assessment. (noted in ch 4 of text)

Art Education: Senior High School - NAEA top of this page

Battin et.al. Puzzles about Art : An Aesthetics Casebook. 1990. St. Martin's Press, Inc.

Battock, ed., New Ideas in Art Education , N 85 B 393

Beal, Nancy and Miller, Gloria Bley  (Contributor). The Art of Teaching Art to Children : In School and at Home  (August 2001)
Behavioral Emphasis in Art Education, NAEA Examples of behavioral objectives (learning goals) and how to write them.

Brigham, Don L. Focus on Fine Arts: Visual Arts. 1989. Describes good art learning methods.

Brittain, W. Lambert, Creativity and Art Education , N 85 B7 An anthology of articles. You can become a more creative person and help your students do the same.

Brooke,  Sandy. Hooked on Painting! : Illustrated Lessons & Exercises for Grades 4 and Up (March 2000)

Brooke,  Sandy. Hooked on Drawing! : Illustrated Lessons & Exercises (June 1996)

Carson, Janet, It's Art Time - Awareness Activities , N 350 C3.8 Multisensory motivation. Examples of discussing famous art with children. Answers questions children (and many adults) ask about art.

Chapman, Laura. Instant Art, Instant Culture: The Unspoken Policy for American Schools. 1982. N 108.C47

  • Chapman, Laura. Approaches to Art in Education . 1978

  • Chomsky, N. Language and Mind . 1972. (noted in ch 9 in text)
  • Clark, Gilbert. Understanding Art Testing: Past Influences, Norman C. Meier's Contributions, Present Concerns, and Future Possibilities. NAEA 1987 N340 .c52

    Dewey, John. Art as Experience . 1934. (noted in ch 9 of text)

    Dewey, Joh n. (1910/1991) How We Think. (noted in ch 1 of text)

    Dobbs, Stephen Mark. Learning In and Through Art: A Guide to Discipline Based Art Education 1998

    Cohen, Elaine Pear & Ruth Straus Gainer. Art: Another Language for Learning. 1976. N 350.C54

    Dissanayake, E. What is Art For? 1988.  Explains art as a distinctly human form of expression. (noted in text, ch 1 &  8)

    Dorn, Charles M. Thinking in Art: A Philosophical Approach to Art Education. 1994.

    Dunn, Phillip C. Creating Curriculum in Art . 1995.

    • Edwards, Betty. Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain . 1979. NC730 .E34  Explains the physiological (brain theory) rationale for problems encountered when attempting to draw realistically. Explains ways anybody can develop drawing skill. We've had her book for quite a few years. She now (1998) believes our brains have an L-mode and an R-mode. She argues that unless we learn observation drawing, our R-mode thinking may be retarded. (noted in ch 3 of text)
    Rex Ellsworth, student teacher discusses artwork with students at Concord Jr Hi, Elkhart IN, Fall 1998
    In Fall, 2000, Mr. Ellsworth began teaching art at Concord High School
      Edwards, Betty. Drawing on the Artist Within. 1987 Makes a case for he connection between visual perception, drawing and creativity. Many ideas for teaching drawing.

      Edwards, Betty. The new drawing on the right side of the brain. 2nd rev.ed.  New York : Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam, c1999.                               NC730 .E34 1999

      Eisner, Elliot W. The Role of Discipline-Based Art Education in America's Schools , 1988 N 353 .E37

      Eisner and Ecker. Readings in Art Education , N 85 L3.6

      Eisner, Educating of Artistic Vision , N 85 E4.8

      Feldman, Edmund, Becoming Human Through Art , N 85 F3.7

      Fein, S. Heidi's Horse. 1991. One child's symbol development. (noted in ch 2 of text)

      Gaitskell, Charles and Al Hurwitz, Children and their Art , N 350 G3.2, 2nd & 3rd ed. A comprehensive general reference. Chapter on appreciation describes the Description-Analysis-Interpretation-Judgment method of art criticism. Describes a discovery method for discussing art.

      Gardner, Howard. Art, mind, and brain : a cognitive approach to creativity / Howard Gardner. c1982.      Goshen Circ - 2nd N    BF411 .G37 1982

      Gardner, Howard. Art education and human development / Howard Gardner. c1990. Goshen Circ - 2nd S    N350 .G37 1990

      Gardner, Howard. Artful scribbles : the significance of children's drawings / by Howard Gardner. c1980.      Goshen Circ - 2nd N    BF723.D7 G36

      Gardner, Howard. Creating minds : an anatomy of creativity seen through the lives of Freud, Einstein, Picasso, Stravinsky, Eliot, Graham, and Gandhi / Howard Gardner. c1993.
      Goshen Circ - 2nd N    BF408 .G33 1993

      Gardner, Howard. The arts and human development : a psychological study of the artistic process / Howard Gardner ; with a new introduction by the author. c1994.
      Goshen Circ - 2nd S    NX165 .G37 1994

      Gardner, Howard. The disciplined mind : beyond facts and standardized tests, the K-12 education that every child deserves /     Howard Gardner. 2000.      Goshen Circ - 2nd S    LB885.G37 W45 2000

      Gaudelius, Yvonne and Speirs, Peg (Editors). Contemporary Issues in Art Education. 2001

      Gardner, Howard. Frames of mind : the theory of multiple intelligences / Howard Gardner ; [with a new introduction by the author]. c1993.

      Gouma-Peterson, Thalia. Miriam Schapiro : shaping the fragments of art and life. New York : Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers in association with the Polk Museum of Art, 1999.                             N6537.S34 G68 1999

      Greenburg, Pearl, Art and Ideas for Young People , N 350 G7.3

      Hanks, Kurt, Draw : a visual approach to thinking, learning, and communicating. 1977. BF456.D7 H27   SUBJECTS: Drawing, Psychology of.   Thought and thinking.   Learning,            Psychology of.   Interpersonal communication. (noted in ch 6 of text)

      Hatfield, Thomas A. An Art Teacher in Every School. An art specialists guide to getting more help. Useful for classroom teachers who want like a break from doing everything.

      Hoffman, Donald H., Pearl Greenberg, Dale H. Fitzner. Lifelong Learning and the Visual Arts: A Book of Readings. 1980. N 85.L530x

      Hubbard, Ruth. Authors of Pictures, Draughtsmen of Words. 1989.

      Hume, Helen D. The art teacher's book of lists. Paramus, NJ : Prentice Hall, c1998.   N7438 .H86

    Hume, Helen D. A Survival Kit for the Elementary/Middle School Art Teacher (May 2001)

    Hume, Helen D. Survival Kit for the Secondary School Art Teacher (April 1990

    Hurwitz, Al, Collaboration in Art Education. 1993
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    Hurwitz, Al, Programs of Promise: Art in the Schools. 1972. N 353 P7

      Jalongo, Mary Renck. Teachers' stories : from personal narrative to professional insight. c1995. LB1029.B55 J35 SUBJECTS: Education--Biographical methods.   Teaching--Case studies. (noted in ch 5 of text)

      Johnson, Andra, editor, Art Education: Elementary . 1992.

      Kaelin, E. F. An Aesthetics for Art Educators , 1989. N 88.3 .K34 Challenging. For those willing to work at understanding art in order to teach it.

      Kauppinen, Heta and Read Diket, editors, Trends in Art Education From Diverse Cultures . 1995.

      Kellogg, R. Analyzing Children's Art . 1970. (noted in ch 2 of text)

      Kepes, Gyorgy, ed., Education of Vision , N 7435 K4 top of this page

      Krone, Ann. Art Education for Handicapped Children . 1978. N 350 K7x

      Lankford, E. Louis, Aesthetics: Issues and Inquiry. 1992. Explains theories and gives class activities.
      Lansing, Kenneth, Art, Artists and Art Education , N 85 L3.6

      Lawson, Bryan. How designers think : the design process demystified. Completely rev. 3rd ed.  Oxford ; Boston : Architectural Press, c1997.      NK1510 .L4 1997

      Linderman, Earl, Invitation to Vision , N 71 L5.9

      Lippard, Lucy R. Mixed blessings : new art in a multicultural America . c1990. N6537.5 .L5
      SUBJECTS: Minority artists--United States.   Intercultural communication--United States.   Ethnic art--United States. (noted in ch 4 & 5 of text)

      Little, Bruce E., editor, Secondary Art Education: An Anthology of Issues . 1990.

      London, Peter. Step Outside: Community-Based Art Education. 1994. top of this page

      Lord, Lois. Collage and Construction in Elementary Schools . Only helpful for the media portion of art lessons. Lacks art heritage, art in society, aesthetics, and criticism.

      Lowenfeld, Viktor and Lambert Brittain, Creative and Mental Growth , 4th ed. , N85 L6  Probably the best known art education book. Good treatment of children's developmental stages in art. Useful chapters on Creativity and Aesthetic Criteria . A good source of topics for subject matter motivation appropriate for each age. (noted in ch 2 of text)

      Manzella, David, Educationists and the Evisceration of the Visual Arts , N 350 M2.6 A very thought-provoking indictment. Must reading for anybody who feels he has the right methods of teaching art. A small book of only 97 pages. Probably started a revolution in art education.

      McFee, June, Creative Problem-Solving Abilities in Art of Academically Superior Adolescents , N 350 M3.1

      Michael, John A., ed., Art Education in the Junior High School , N 350 M5.

      Moore, Ronald, editor, Aesthetics For Young People . 1995. 9 essays.

      National Visual Arts Standards, The . 1994.

      Pappas, George, ed., Concepts in Art and Education

      Readings in discipline-based art education : a literature of educational reform. Reston, Va. : National Art Education Assoc., c2000.    N87 .R43 2000

      Rueschhoff, Phil H. ; Swartz, M. Evelyn. Teaching Art in the Elementary School: Enhancing Visual Perception. 1969. The Ronald Press Company, New York, NY, U. S. A. ISBN: 0471068799 , 339 pgs. Innovative in its advocacy of building-a-frame-of-reference to understand real art and art history through the classroom media experiences. Uses a simple-to-complex structured curriculum sequence. Gives rationale and many good example lessons. Has good ideas for the museum visit field trip.

      Paston, Herbert J., Learning to Teach Art , N 88.3 P37 A useful guide to observing, field teaching, and student teaching in art.

      Routman, Regie. Invitations : changing as teachers and learners K-12. c1991. SUBJECTS: Reading (Elementary)--United States--Language experience approach. (noted in ch 6 of text)

      Sawyer and deFrancesco, Elementary School Art for Classroom Teachers . Explains and gives example lessons of Creative-Evaluative teaching. The strategy involves: (1) setting up comparable contrasting qualities, (2) asking divergent questions (3) guided evaluation.

      Schwartz, Fred, Structure and Potential in Art Education

      Secondary Art Education, An Anthology of Issues, NAEA, 1990 Has 18 authors and 18 issues. Practical ideas and solutions to common problems.

      Saccardi, Marianne.  Art in story : teaching art history to elementary school children.  North Haven, Conn. : Linnet Professional Publications, 1997.       N350 .S23 1997

      Shahn, Ben, The Shape of Content . Chapter on the education of an artist.

      Simpson, Judith, et. al. Creating meaning through art : teacher as choice-maker. Upper Saddle River,  NJ : Merrill, c1998.    N88.3 .C74 1998

      Smith, Nancy R., et. al. Experience and Art: Teaching Children to Paint New York : Teachers College, Columbia University, 1983.             N350 .S67

      Smith, Nancy. Observation Drawing With Children. 1997

      Smith, Ralph A., ed., Aesthetics and Criticism in Art Education , N 87 S 52

      Smith, Ralph A., Excellence II: The Continuing Quest in Art Education. 1995.

    Sproul, Adelaide, With a Free Hand , N 361 S6.5

    Susi, Frank D., Student Behavior in Art Classrooms: The Dynamics of Discipline . 1995. Teacher Resource Series. Gives causes, symtoms, prevention, and remedies for behavior problems.

    Thompson, Beatrice, Drawings by High School Students , N 352 T5.4

    Thompson, Christine Marmé, The Visual Arts and Early Childhood Learning . 1995.

    Tritten, Gottfried. Teaching color and form. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold, c1981.    N87 .T7313 1981

    Tufte, Edward R., Envisioning information . c1990. P93.5 .T84 SUBJECTS: Visual communication.   Communication. (noted in ch 6 of text)

    Wachowiak, Frank and David Hodge, Art in Depth . Written for junior high. Good project ideas for intermediate and senior high also.
    • Young, Bernard, editor, Art, Culture, and Ethnicity. 1990. Has 20 contributors.
    The dictionary of art top of this page

    See this new reference set of over 30 volumes in the Reference Room of the Goshen College Library. It is a good place to start looking for information on most any artist.

    The Curriculum Library

    See Elementary Art textbooks in Good Library, lower level. A set of graded classroom art textbooks by Laura Chapman is recommended.


    Art Education . Covers major issues art in art education. Has teaching ideas and helps.

    Arts and Activities. Has teaching ideas and helps. top of this page

    Educational Leadership. See 1990, vol 48, issue 2, for "Learning Styles." See 1997, vol 54, issue 6, for "How Children Learn." (noted in text, ch 6)

    School Arts. Has teaching ideas and helps.

    The New Yorker see Art World Section. "The Escape Artist" by Calvin Tomkins in, Sept 28, 1998 pages 102 and 103 is an example about artist, Mark Rothko.

    Critique. This is a periodical of contemporary graphic design. A relevant article is: "Drawing Out the Modern Mind" by Betty Edwards,  Autumn, 1997, pp 39-44 explains the R-mode/L-mode theory of the mind. "The modern mind achieves power by combining logic and intuition. And you can sharpen the perceptual skills that underlie intuition by strengthening your drawing skills." page 39. If this is a valid theory, it has serious implications for the way most teachers teach art in elementary schools.

    The Internet
    This is a constantly changing and growing source of new information for teaching art. Learn to use a search engine to find resources on virtually any artist, any topic, or even any way of teaching.  For example: You can go to http://www. google. com OR http://www. metacrawler .com/
    Type in art lessons then click the search button. It will find some advertisements for books of art lessons, but it will also point to some sites with art lessons posted by art teachers or universities. Here is an example of what you can find in a few minutes of searching: http://www.kinderart.com/drawing/blind.htm .

  • some titles MAY BE PLACED ON CLOSED RESERVE FOR Art for Children and/or Secondary School Art CLASS

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    Contour line drawing

    These three examples are from Concord Junior High School. Body action drawing using ovals

    Contour line drawing

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    Neal Boston, art instructor, and Rex Ellsworth, Goshen College student teacher.
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    Marvin Bartel contact page

    Updated JAN 2001 BIBLI2.html