If you are getting ready for the first test, be sure to see study sheet for
STUDY PAGE for Clay and Clay Artists.
What to read and study for second test: In Hands in Clay Speight&Toki, 4th edition, text, study Chapters 14 and 15, Appendixes 1A, B, C, D, E, F, 2A, 3A, B, C, D, E. Study list of questions below.
Review clay artists from last test and the following new artists and potters whose work you should study from text, from the Internet, and/or from videos in class. Recognize their work and attempt to find out how they fire their work.
Search his sight to find pictures of his recent
work. On the left you will find links numbered #01, #02, etc.
The pots appear to have been named.
Questions to Study.
As you read the text, see if you can find answers for these questions. Take notes in class for items you can't find in the book. Ask questions in class. E-mail the instructor with your questions. Answers to e-mail questions are sent to the whole class, but are not identified as the one asking. E-mail and these web pages extend our classroom and give you 24 hour access to information you can't find in the book.
2. What temperature converts clay to bisqueware?
3. Why use kiln wash? What are the ingredients?
4. Can pieces touch or not in kiln during bisque firing and/or during glaze firing?
5. What are stilts and why are they used?
6. What is dryfooting and why is it done?
7. How can pieces be placed in/on each other - or not?
8. What is the difference between physical water and chemical water?
9. What are safety hazards related to - fumes, electrical shock, explosion, fire hazards?
10. How many potters are seriously injured and/or die each year from these hazards?
11. Ways to set kiln furniture, shelves?
12. What might cause shelves to break and/or fall during firing?
13. What temperature is needed for vitrification?
14. How fast should pots be fired?
15. At what temperatures do you have steam explosions in the kiln?
16. How do you control the firing speed? In electric kiln? Gas kiln.
17. What are the pros and cons of single firing vs twice firing?
18. Know about firing atmospheres (oxidation, reduction, neutral).
19. Why do potters care about oxidation and reduction firing?
20. How do potters manipulate the firing atmosphere?
21. Why don't all potters heat their kilns with the same type of fuel?
22. List common ways to waste fuel when firing.
23. How is work heat different than temperature?
24. What can go wrong during kiln cooling? Why?
25. What is the cause of glaze that has crawling?
26. What are the possible causes of glaze that runs off the pot during firing?
27. What are some reasons glazes may not turn out smooth after firing?
28. What would cause glaze to have bubbles or blisters?
29. What would cause glaze to have pinholes?
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