Professor of History
BA, Goshen College, 1990
MATS, Associated Mennonite Biblical Seminary, 1994
MA, University of Notre Dame, 1996
PHD, University of Notre Dame, 1998
I have been teaching at Goshen College since 1999 and I thoroughly enjoy learning alongside Goshen students and my faculty colleagues. My formal training as an historian is in the areas of U.S. immigration and ethnic history and American religious history. I also have significant personal and professional interest in Mennonite and Amish history and thought.
This year I’ve completed two multi-year collaborative research projects:
- Global Mennonite History Project. Along with Professor Royden Loewen (U. of Winnipeg), I wrote the North America volume for the GMHP, a five-volume (one per continent) series commission by Mennonite World Conference. Our book, Seeking Places of Peace, was published in 2012.
- Amish Diversity and Identity, 1900-2010. Professors Donald B. Kraybill (Elizabethtown College), Karen M. Johnson-Weiner (SUNY-Potsdam), and I undertook a collaborative research project funded, in part, by the National Endowment for the Humanities. A book growing out of this research, entitled The Amish, documents Amish life across the United States and was published in April 2013 by The Johns Hopkins University Press.
[Hist 105] American History I
History of the American colonies and the United States through the Civil War and Reconstruction. Also introduces the study of history as an academic discipline.
[Hist 205] Immigration and American Identity (a Social World Perspectives course in the Goshen Core)
Immigration has been central to personal and national identity in the United States. It has also been a fiercely contested issue. Why has the movement of people across national borders generated both celebration and scorn? How has immigration produced patterns of inclusion, exclusion, assimilation, and discrimination? This course will include debates
and case studies from both the past and the present.
[Hist 321] History of Mennonites in America
Emphasis on Mennonites as a people developing and interacting with the larger American society, using themes such as migration, community formation, theology, acculturation and pacifist citizenship in war and peace.
[Hist 323] Colonial & Revolutionary North America
Focus on cultural encounters and conflicts. Colonialism raises the question: How are cultures transported, replicated, and transformed? A look at contact between Europeans and Native Americans, between Europeans and Africans, between different European colonial projects, and finally between Anglo-American colonists and Britain.
[Hist 324] Slavery, Civil War & Reconstruction
Exploration of the central role of slavery in American society and politics, including its role in the Civil War and in Reconstruction. Other themes include the relationship of religion and war, postwar constructions of race and racism, and the memory of the Civil War.
[Hist 326] Recent United States History
A look at events that shaped the most recent generations of Americans. From grand expectations of the Civil Rights movement, faith in science, and the possibilities of affluence and social reform, U.S. society confronted war in Vietnam, Watergate, environmental destruction, culture wars, and ‘new world orders’ following 1989 and 2001.
[Hist 327] American Immigration & Ethnic History
An examination of the development of ethnic and racial identities in the United States, from the colonial period(s) to the present. Immigration patterns, forced migration, assimilation, ethnicization, nativism, family and gender dynamics, immigration and naturalization law and multicultural debates were important factors in these processes.
[Hist 314] Modern China
Exploration of Chinese history with a view to understanding contemporary political, social, and economic developments. About one-third of the course looks at traditional Chinese society and culture, and the remainder examines developments since 1911 and especially since 1949.
Other courses taught (past and present)
Identity, Culture, and Community
American History II
Old Order Amish: History, Culture, Society
History Seminar: Analysis
History Seminar: Synthesis
U.S. Constitution & Government
Nationalism and War: Nineteenth-century America
War, Peace, and Nonresistance
U.S. History and Culture [for international students]
Lectures & Presentations
“Old Order Mennonites and Mental Health Services,” University of Winnipeg, October 2010.
“Amish Spirituality and Mimesis,” featured address at Transforming Violence: Cult, Culture, and Acculturation. Colloquium on Violence and Religion, University of Notre Dame, July 2010.
Snowden Lecture, Elizabethtown College, November 2009.
Lectures, 15th European Patchwork Conference, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, France, September 2009.
Forester Lectureship, Huntington (Ind.) University, February 2009.
Brooks College-Honors College Lectureship, Baylor University, January 2008.
“World Christianity and North American Mennonites,” American Historical Association/American Society of Church History Annual Convention,Washington, D.C., January 2008.
Plenary address, The Amish in America: An Interdisciplinary Conference, Elizabethtown College, June 2007.
Lectures, 11th European Patchwork Conference, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, France, September 2005.
The Amish, with Donald B. Kraybill and Karen M. Johnson-Weiner. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013. Pp. 520.
The Amish, 3rd ed., with John A. Hostetler and Ann E. Hostetler. Herald Press, 2013. Pp. 56.
Seeking Places of Peace. A Global Mennonite History: North America, with Royden Loewen. Good Books/Pandora Press, 2012. Pp. 400.
The Amish Way: Patient Faith in a Perilous World, with Donald B. Kraybill and David Weaver-Zercher. Jossey-Bass, 2010. Pp. 268. Paperback edition, 2012.
Through Fire and Water: An Overview of Mennonite History, Rev. ed. with Harry Loewen. Herald Press, 2010. Pp. 335. First edition, 1996.
Mennonites, Amish, and the American Civil War, with James O. Lehman. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. Pp. 358.
Amish Grace: How Forgiveness Transcended Tragedy, with Donald B. Kraybill and David Weaver-Zercher. Jossey-Bass, 2007. Pp. 237. Revised paperback edition, 2010. Audiobook, 2008; Japanese edition, 2008; German edition, 2009; Korean edition, 2009. Named Christianity Today 2008 Award of Merit title for Christianity and Culture. Selected as a Best Book of 2007 by Publisher’s Weekly and as a Best Spiritual Book of 2007 by Spirituality & Practice.
Plain Diversity: Amish Cultures and Identities, with Thomas J. Meyers. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. Pp. 244.
An Amish Patchwork: Indiana’s Old Orders in the Modern World, with Thomas J. Meyers. Indiana University Press, 2005. Pp. 192.
Amish Enterprise: From Plows to Profits, 2nd ed., with Donald B. Kraybill. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. Pp. 286. First edition, 1995. Named a Choice “Outstanding Academic Book.”
A History of the Amish, Rev. ed. Good Books, 2003. Pp. 380. First edition, 1992. French edition, 2010.
Foreigners in Their Own Land: Pennsylvania Germans in the Early Republic. Penn State University Press, 2002. Pp. 238. Paperback edition, 2008.
Amish Micro-Enterprises: Models for Rural Development, with Stephen M. Smith, et al. Pennsylvania State University College of Agricultural Sciences, 1994. Pp. 110.
Recent book chapters
“Scholarship Profile: The Soul of the American University,” in American Evangelicalism: George Marsden and the State of American Religious History, ed. by Kurt W. Peterson, Thomas S. Kidd, and Darren Dochuk. Forthcoming from University of Notre Dame Press.
“Activist Impulses Across Time: North American Evangelicalism and Anabaptism as Conversation Partners,” in The Activist Impulse: Essays on the Intersection of Evangelicalism and Anabaptism, ed. by Jared S. Burkholder and David C. Cramer, 11-44. Pickwick Publications, 2012.
“Why the Amish Forgave a Killer,” in An Anthology of Living Religions, 3rd ed., ed. by Mary Pat Fisher and Lee W. Bailey, 258-60. Prentice Hall/Pearson Education, 2012.
“MCC’s Relationship with ‘Plain’ Anabaptists in Historical Perspective,” in A Table of Sharing: Mennonite Central Committee and the Expanding Networks of Mennonite Identity, ed. by Alain Epp-Weaver, 135-66. Cascadia Publishing House, 2011.
“‘Mingle Our Religious Concerns with the Affairs of the State’? Nationalism, Reform, and Pennsylvania Germans in the Early Republic,” in Halle Pietism, Colonial North America, and the Young United States, ed. by Hans-Jürgen Grabbe, 257-72. Stuttgart, Germany: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2008.
“Inscribing Community: The Budget and Die Botschaft in Amish Life,” in The Old Order Amish and the Media, ed. by Diane Zimmerman Umble and David Weaver-Zercher, 181-98. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
Recent journal articles
“Missions in North American Society: Microhistory as Macrohistory,” Mission Focus: Annual Review 19 (2011), 131-39.
“Mennonite Youth Ministry: A Response to Keeler and Yoder,” Journal of Youth Ministry 10 (Fall 2011), 61-65.
“Moving Beyond Stark Options: Old Order Mennonite and Amish Approaches to Mental Health,” Journal of Mennonite Studies 29 (2011), 133-51.
“Sources of Enterprise Success in Amish Communities,” with Donald B. Kraybill and Erik Wesner, Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy 5:2 (2011), 112-30.
“Globalizing a Separate People: World Christianity and North American Mennonites, 1940-1990,” The Mennonite Quarterly Review, 84 (October 2010), 487-506.
“Amish Enterprise: The Collective Power of Ethnic Entrepreneurship,” with Donald B. Kraybill and Erik J. Wesner, Global Business and Economics Review, 12:1/2 (2010), 3-20.
“Who Are the Real Amish? Rethinking Diversity and Identity among a Separate People,” The Mennonite Quarterly Review 82 (July 2008), 357-74.
Memberships & Associations
Organization of American Historians
Society for Historians of the Early American Republic
Immigration and Ethnic History Society
Conference on Faith and History
Mennonite Historical Society
Elkhart County(Ind.) Historical Society
Michiana Anabaptist Historians
Leadership of Study Service Term Units
China (Fall 2008) Our family spent August-December 2008 in Nanchong, a city in eastern Sichuan Province. The twenty-one GC students who comprised our Study-Service Term were a delightful group. Although GC has had a long-standing program in China, ours was the first group to be based in Nanchong. Goshen Students lived with Chinese host families in Nanchong and, later in the semester, moved to smaller towns of Xichong, Nanbu, and Langzhong to teach English in Chinese secondary schools.
My wife Rachel and I have two daughters, Lydia and Esther. We are members of Eighth Street Mennonite Church in Goshen. This summer we visited family in our home states of Michigan and Pennsylvania, and also enjoyed time at Mammoth Cave National Park in Kentucky.
Among the books I read over the summer were Stephen Stein, The Shaker Experience in America: A History of the United Society of Believers (Yale, 1992); Julia Lovell, The Opium War: Drugs, Dreams, and the Making of China (Picador, 2011); and Susan Trollinger, Selling the Amish: The Tourism of Nostalgia (Johns Hopkins, 2012).
- Professor of History
Chair, History and Political Science Department, 2005-2012; Snowden Fellow,Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies, Elizabethtown College, Fall 2009; Faculty director, Goshen College program in Nanchong, China, Fall 2008
- Assistant and Associate Professor of History
- Spring 2003
- Sessional Lecturer
Associated Mennonite Biblical Seminary
- Visiting Assistant Professor of History
University of Notre Dame
- Spring 1997
- Connelly Foundation Fellow and Visiting Instructor