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Turabian Style

There are two common forms of citation in the Turabian Style

  • bibliography-style (used mainly in humanities and some social sciences)
  • reference list style (used in most social sciences and natual and physical science)

The following are examples for the bibliography-style. This style requires footnotes (or endnotes) and a bibliography. The first time a source appears in a footnote, the full citation is given. The second and subsequent times that source is listed only the author's last name, an abbreviated title and the page number need to be included.

Book:(single author)

(footnote):

1. George S. McGovern, The Third Freedom: Ending Hunger in Our Time (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001), 100.

(bibliography):

McGovern, George S. The Third Freedom: Ending Hunger in Our Time. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.

Book: (association as "author")

(footnote):

2. Action Against Hunger, The Geopolitics of Hunger, 2000-2001: Hunger and Power (Boulder: L. Rienner, 2001), 55.

(bibliography):

Action Against Hunger. The Geopolitics of Hunger, 2000-2001: Hunger and Power. Boulder: L. Rienner, 2001.

Journal article in print:

(footnote):

3. Bruce Rich, "Still Waiting," Ecologist 30, no. 6 (2000): 15.

(bibliography):

Rich, Bruce. "Still Waiting." Ecologist 30, no. 6 (2000): 8-17.

Fulltext journal article from a database:

Include the stable URL listed with the article.

(footnote):

4. Per Pinstrup-Andersen, "Feeding the World in the New Millennium," Environment 43, no. 6 (2001): 27, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=4764111&site=ehost-live (accessed October 16, 2001).

(bibliography):

Pinstrup-Andersen, Per. "Feeding the World in the New Millennium." Environment 43, no. 6 (2001): 22-31. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=4764111&site=ehost-live (accessed October 16, 2001).

Video:

(footnote):

5. Adrian Malone, "Tightrope of Power", part 9 of Millennium: Tribal Wisdom and the Modern World, VHS, prod. Michael Grant & Richard Meech (Alexandria, VA: PBS Video, 1992).

(bibliography):

Malone, Adrian. "Tightrope of Power." Part 9. Millennium: Tribal Wisdom and the Modern World. VHS. Produced by Michael Grant & Richard Meech. Alexandria, VA: PBS Video, 1992.

Essay by one author in a book edited by another author:

(footnote):

6. Gordon Straw, "Race, Poverty, and the Environment: The Disadvantaged Face Greater Risks," in The Global Ecology, ed. Edward Moran (New York: Wilson, 1999), 30.

(bibliography):

Straw, Gordon. "Race, Poverty, and the Environment: The Disadvantaged Face Greater Risks." In The Global Ecology, ed. Edward Moran. 11-30. New York: Wilson, 1999.

Lecture notes:

(footnote):

7. Jan Bender Shetler, "Tanzania," (class lecture, Goshen College, January 23, 2000).

(bibliography):

Shetler, Jan Bender. "Tanzania." Class lecture, Goshen College, January 23, 2000.

Web site:

(footnote):

Anup Shah, "Causes of Poverty," Global Issues That Affect Everyone, http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Poverty.asp (accessed October 16, 2001).

(bibliography):

Shah, Anup."Causes of Poverty." Global Issues That Affect Everyone. http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Poverty.asp (accessed October 16, 2001).

Biblical citation

(footnote):

1. Ps. 139:13-16 NAB.

(bibliography):

You do not need to include the Bible in your bibliography.

More Resources

The books below are in the Reference Room of the Good Library. These, plus more, are located on the counter top at the north end of the room and are labeled "Style Guides."
  • The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2003. (Ref PN 147 .U69 2003)
  • Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th ed. University of Chicago Press, 2007. (Ref LB 2369 .T8 2007)

 


Updated 15-Apr-2010 MBS