Quick Links

SBL Style

for Documenting Sources

(Adapted for GC Bible, Religion and Philosophy Dept. papers)

 

Use the following SBL citation styles for assignments requiring it, even though they may vary slightly from entries in other Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) style reference works available in the library. For specific situations that are not listed here, refer to The SBL Handbook of Style (with other style books in the Reference Room) or the "Student Supplement to The SBL Handbook of Style" (print copy with the style books).

Edited Bible Book

(footnote)

12Bernard M. Levinson, ed. Deuteronomy in The New Oxford Annotated Bible (ed. Michael D. Coogen; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), 253.
19Levinson, Deuteronomy, 201.

(internal citation)

Sentence (Levinson 2001, 301).
According to Bernard M. Levinson, "...quotation..." (2001,301).

(bibliography)

Levinson, Bernard M., ed. Deuteronomy. Pages 240-308 in The New Oxford Annotated Bible. Edited by Michael D. Coogen. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

 

Commentary

(footnote)

4Raymond Brown, The Gospel According to John XII-XXI (Anchor Bible 29A; Garden City: Doubleday, 1966), 980.
32Brown, The Gospel According to John XII-XXI. 1159.

(internal citation)

Sentence (Brown 1966, 1159).
According to Raymond Brown, “...quotation...” (1966, 1159).

(bibliography)

Brown, Raymond. Page 1159 in The Gospel According to John. 2 vols. Anchor Bible 29A.Garden City: Doubleday, 1966.

Dictionary or Encyclopedia Entry

(footnote)

33K. Stendahl, “Biblical Theology, Contemporary,” The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible (G.A. Butterick ed.; Nashville: Abingdon, 1962) 1:422.
39Stendahl, “Biblical Theology, Contemporary,” 1:429-30.

(internal citation)

Sentence (Stendahl 1962, 1:422).
According to K. Stendahl, “...quotation...” (1962, 1:422).

(bibliography)

Stendahl, K. “Biblical Theology, Contemporary.” Pages 418-32 in vol. 1 of The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by G.A. Butterick. 4 vols. Nashville: Abingdon, 1962.

 

Article in an Edited Volume

(footnote)

23P.E Easterling, “Constructing Character in Greek Tragedy.” in Characterization and Individuality in Greek Literature (ed. Christopher Pelling; Oxford: Clarendon, 1990), 83.
29Easterling, “Constructing Character in Greek Tragedy,” 84-85.

(internal citation)

Sentence (Easterling 1990, 84-85).
According to P.E. Easterling, “...quotation...” (1990, 84-85).

(bibliography)

Easterling, P.E. “Constructing Character in Greek Tragedy.” Pages 82-99 in Characterization and Individuality in Greek Literature. Edited by Christopher Pelling. Oxford: Clarendon, 1990.

 

Article in Journal

(footnote)

24Marcus Joel, “Rivers of Living Water from Jesus’ Belly (John 7:38),” Journal of Biblical Literature 117 (1998): 329.
35Joel, “Rivers of Living Water from Jesus’ Belly (John 7:38),” 330.

(internal citation)

Sentence (Joel, 1998, 330).
According to Marcus Joel, “...quotation...” (1998, 330).

(bibliography)

Joel, Marcus. “Rivers of Living Water from Jesus’ Belly (John 7:38).” Journal of Biblical Literature 117 (1998): 328-330.

 

An Internet Publication Without a Print Counterpart

(footnote)

7Joel Green, “Bible, Theology and Theological Interpretation,” SBL Forum, n.p. [cited 16 Sept. 2004]. Online: http://www.sbl-site.org/Article.aspx?ArticleID=308.
15Green, “Bible, Theology and Theological Interpretation.”

(internal citation)

Sentence (Green 2004).
According to Joel B. Green, “...quotation...” (2004).

(bibliography)

Green, Joel B. “Bible, Theology and Theological Interpretation.” SBL Forum. No Pages. Cited 16 September 2004. Online: http://www.sbl-site.org/Article.aspx?ArticleID=308.

Book

(footnote)

12Martin Hengel, The Johannine Question (London: SCM; Philadelphia: Trinity Press, 1989), 132.
19Hengel, The Johannine Question, 152.

(internal citation)

Sentence (Hengel 1989, 152).
According to Martin Hengel, “...quotation...” (1989, 152).

(bibliography)

Hengel, Martin. The Johannine Question. London: SCM; Philadelphia: Trinity Press, 1989.

Standard Biblical Reference Forms:

Mark 7:11-21 means chapter 7 verses 11 through 21
Mark 7:11-21:1 means chapter 7, verse 11 through to chapter 21, verse 1.
Mark 7-10 means chapters 7 through 1
Mark 7, 8 and 10 means chapter 7, chapter 8 and chapter 10
Mark 7:11, 21 means chapter 7 verses 11 and 21
Mark 7:11; 21 means chapter 7 verse 11 and chapter 21

(Normally a colon divides chapter from verse, a semi-colon divides chapter from chapter, and a comma divides verse from verse.)

Abbreviations

Old Testament:

Gen - Genesis
Exod - Exodus
Lev - Leviticus
Num - Numbers
Deut - Deuteronomy
Josh - Joshua
Judg - Judges
Ruth - Ruth
1Sam - 1Samuel
2Sam - 2Samuel
1Kgs - 1Kings
2Kgs - 2Kings
1Chron - 1Chronicles
2Chron - 2Chronicles
Ezra - Ezra
Neh - Nehemiah
Esth - Esther
Job - Job
Ps - Psalms
Prov - Proverbs
Eccl - Ecclesiastes
Song - Song of Solomon
Is - Isaiah
Jer - Jeremiah
Lam - Lamentations
Ezek - Ezekiel
Dan - Daniel
Hos - Hosea
Joel – Joel
Amos - Amos
Obad - Obadiah
Jon - Jonah
Mic - Micah
Nah - Nahum
Hab - Habakkuk
Zeph - Zephaniah
Hag - Haggai
Zech - Zechariah
Mal - Malachi

New Testament:

Matt - Matthew
Mark - Mark
Luke - Luke
John - John
Acts – Acts
Rom - Romans
1Cor - 1Corinthians
2Cor - 2Corinthians
Gal - Galatians
Eph - Ephesians
Phil - Philippians
Col - Colossians
1Thess - 1Thessalonians
2Thess - 2Thessalonians
1Tim - 1Timothy
2Tim - 2Timothy
Titus - Titus
Phlm - Philemon
Heb - Hebrews
Jam - James
1Pet - 1Peter
2Pet - 2Peter
1Jn - 1John
2Jn - 2John
3Jn - 3John
Jude - Jude
Rev - Revelation

Updated 20-Mar-2007 JAB/AMB


Updated 13-Oct-2010 SWH