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Religion

Places to Begin: Reference Resources

General

A Concise Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Religion   Ref BL51 .T4274 2002
The Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion   Ref BL65.P7 .E53 1998
The Encyclopedia of Religion, 2nd ed. (15 vols.)   Ref BL31 .E46 2005
The Encyclopedia of Religion and War   Ref BL80.3 .E53 2004
Encyclopedia of Religious Freedom   Ref BV741 .E47 2003
Encyclopedia of Religions Rites, Rituals, and Festivals   Ref BL31 .E47 2004
Encyclopedia of Science and Religion   Ref BL240.3 .E53 2003
Encyclopedia of Women and World Religion   Ref BL458 .E53 1999
The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions   Ref BL31 .O84 1997

United States

Contemporary American Religion   Ref BL2525 .C65 2000
The Encyclopedia of African and African-American Religions   Ref BL2462.5 .E53 2001 
Encyclopedia of American Religion and Politics   Ref BL2525 .D58 2003
The Encyclopedia of American Religious History   Ref BL2525 .Q44 19 1996
Encyclopedia of American Women and Religion   Ref BL2525 .B45 1998
Encyclopedia of Religious Controversies in the United States   Ref BR515 .E53 1997
Handbook of the Denominations in the United States   Ref BL2525 .M425 2001
Religion and American Law: An Encyclopedia   Ref KF4783.A68 R45 2000

Christianity

Encyclopedia of Christianity (4 vols.)   Ref BR95 .E8913 1990
Encyclopedia of Protestantism   Ref BX4811.3 .E53 2004
Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online (GAMEO)
(Includes the 5-vol. print Mennonite Encyclopedia, plus articles continually added)
   
The Mennonite Encyclopedia   Ref BX8106.M37 (1955-90)
World Christian Encyclopedia: A Comparative Survey of Churches and Religions in the Modern World   Ref BR157 .W67 2001

Islam

The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam   Ref BP40 .G42 1989
Encyclopedia of Islam (1960, 12 vols.)  

Ref DS37 E5.23

The Muslim Almanac: A Reference Work on the History, Faith, Culture, and Peoples of Islam   Ref BP40 .M83 1996

Judaism

Dictionary of Judaism in the Biblical Period: 450 B.C.E. to 600 C.E.

  Ref BM50 .D525 1996
Encyclopedia of Judaism   Ref BM50 .E63 1999
The New Encyclopedia of Judaism   Ref BM50 .E63 2002
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Call Numbers to Browse

BL Religions. Mythology. Rationalism.   BR Christianity
BM Judaism   BS The Bible
BP Islam. Bahai. Theosophy   BT Doctrinal Theology
BQ Buddhism   BV Practical Theology
    BX Christian Denominations
   

BX4929 Anabaptists

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Subject Headings

Anabaptism   Christianity and art
Anabaptist women   Christianity and atheism
Art and religion   Christianity and culture
Buddhism, <country>   Communism and Christianity
Buddhism and state, <country>   Islam, <country>
Catholics, <state or country>  

Mennonites, <state or province or country>

Christianity, <country>   Religion
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Databases

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Web Resources

General
United States
Religous Documents
Christianity
Islam
Judaism
Other Religions

General

Adherents.com
Includes numbers of adherents for 4,200 religions, churches, denominations, religious bodies, faith groups, tribes, etc., as well as members of branches of larger groups. Uses data from both primary research sources such as government census reports, statistical sampling surveys and organizational reporting, as well as citations from secondary literature.

The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA)
"The ARDA allows you to interactively explore the highest quality data on American and international religion using online features for generating national profiles, GIS maps, church membership overviews, denominational heritage trees, tables, charts, and other reports. Over 450 surveys and other data collections are available for online preview and virtually all can be downloaded free of charge."

Hartford Institute for Religion Research
The institute focuses on research, communication, education, and consultation.

Harvard Pluralism Project
Mission is “to help Americans engage with the realities of religious diversity through research, outreach, and the active dissemination of resources.” Includes lists of the names and addresses of different religious groups in various states in the U.S.

Judaism, Christianity, Religious Studies, and Mysticism
A resource for teaching "ABOUT religions and how to understand them, without crossing the line that separates church and state and without entering into the parochial domain of teaching students to profess and practice religions." Includes annotated links to documents and articles.

The Mystica
" . . . past and present ideas, concepts, beliefs, and practices in the worlds of the occult, mysticism and paranormal."
Categories are Alchemy, Ancient beliefs, Buddhism, Christianity, Divination, Goddess and Witchcraft, Great mysteries, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Magic, Neo-paganism, Other, Paranormal, Past and present beliefs, People, Religions and Sects, Rituals and Texts, Shamanism, Stones, and Theosophy:

Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Group specifically devoted to promoting understanding between various religions without claiming any particular one tradition.

Religion and Ethics (BBC)
Includes information on Atheism, Baha'i, Buddhism, Candomble, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Jehovah's Witness, Judaism, Mormon, Paganism, Rastafari, Santeria, Shinto, Sikhism, Taoism, Unitarianism, Zoroastrianism.

The Religious Movements Homepage Project
A site maintained by a religious studies and sociology professor.

Virtual Religion Index (Rutgers)
This site indexes content of religion-related websites, organized by subject.

World Religions (Internet Sacred Text Archive)
" This site has no particular agenda other than promoting religious tolerance and scholarship. ... From the start, we have had a special focus on remedying the under-representation of traditional cultures on the Internet. The site has one of the largest collections of transcriptions of complete books on Native American, Pacific, African, Asian and other traditional people's religion, spiritual practices, mythology and folklore." Site organized by over 100 topics. Bibliography available of complete books scanned.

United States

Academic Info: Religion in America.
Directory of Online Resources for the Study of Religion in the United States

This is an excellent site, and really the place to start. The site has links with a dozen other legitimate, frequently updated sites addressing contemporary religious experience in the U.S.

American Ethnic Geography: A Cultural Geography of the United States and Canada.
Map Gallery of Religion in the United States
.
This site is a map gallery of religious affiliation in the U.S., identifying where higher and lower percentage of people from different denominational groups live.

American Religion Data Archive
Contains data such as membership, number of religious leaders, etc. on American religions including Judaism, Buddhism and Islam, though most of the studies focus on Christian denominations.

  • All data sets can be downloaded or viewed online.
  • Files are fully-documented, carefully checked for accuracy, and user friendly.
  • The site facilitates comparisons across data files allowing you to search for specific words or topics.

The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA)
"The ARDA allows you to interactively explore the highest quality data on American and international religion using online features for generating national profiles, GIS maps, church membership overviews, denominational heritage trees, tables, charts, and other reports. Over 450 surveys and other data collections are available for online preview and virtually all can be downloaded free of charge."

Harvard Pluralism Project
Mission is “to help Americans engage with the realities of religious diversity through research, outreach, and the active dissemination of resources.” Includes lists of the names and addresses of different religious groups in various states in the U.S.

Making of America
Making of America (MoA) is a digital library of primary sources in American social history around the time of the Civil War. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. The collection currently contains approximately 10,000 books and 50,000 journal articles.

Resources for American Christianity
Designed for leaders and participants in Christian communities, as well as scholars and interested publics, to better understand the impact, trends, and trajectories of Christianity in U.S. society.

Religous Documents

Internet Christian Library
Particularly useful for links to early church documents (creeds, writings of early leaders, etc.)

The Jewish Virtual Library
Sponsored by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE), established in 1993. "The most comprehensive online Jewish encyclopedia in the world, covering everything from anti-Semitism to Zionism. So far, more than 13,000 articles and 6,000 photographs and maps have been integrated into the site. The Library has 13 wings: History, Women, The Holocaust, Travel, Israel & The States, Maps, Politics, Biography, Israel, Religion, Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress, Vital Statistics and Reference. Each of these has numerous subcategories. Under Religion, for example, we have the complete text of the Tanakh, information on Jewish holidays and material on relations between Jews and Christians and Muslims. The Politics wing includes collections on U.S.-Israel relations, the United Nations and the peace process. The Reference section has bibliographies of more than 1,000 books and 1,000 web sites, and a glossary of more than 1,000 words and a time-line for the history of Judaism."

Making of America
Making of America (MoA) is a digital library of primary sources in American social history around the time of the Civil War. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. The collection currently contains approximately 10,000 books and 50,000 journal articles.

Papal Encyclicals On-Line

World Religions (Internet Sacred Text Archive)
" This site has no particular agenda other than promoting religious tolerance and scholarship. ... From the start, we have had a special focus on remedying the under-representation of traditional cultures on the Internet. The site has one of the largest collections of transcriptions of complete books on Native American, Pacific, African, Asian and other traditional people's religion, spiritual practices, mythology and folklore." Site organized by over 100 topics. Bibliography available of complete books scanned.

Christianity

Internet Christian Library
Particularly useful for links to early church documents (creeds, writings of early leaders, etc.)

Judaism, Christianity, Religious Studies, and Mysticism
A resource for teaching "ABOUT religions and how to understand them, without crossing the line that separates church and state and without entering into the parochial domain of teaching students to profess and practice religions." Includes annotated links to documents and articles.

Resources for American Christianity
Designed for leaders and participants in Christian communities, as well as scholars and interested publics, to better understand the impact, trends, and trajectories of Christianity in U.S. society.

Islam

Islam and Islamic Studies Resource for Studying Islam and the Diverse Perspectives of Muslims
Website of Professor Alan Godlas at the University of Georgia. "At the core of this website are short introductory essays on various aspects of Islam containing numerous annotated links. Regarded by scholars as the most comprehensive academic website on Islam, this website was nominated as one of top five websites worldwide in the category of "spirituality" for the year 2002 Webby Awards which are the equivalent of the Oscars for websites.--Athens Banner-Herald, June 16, 2002. 

Virtually Islamic: Research and News about Islam in the Digital Age
A broad range of materials associated with Gary R. Bunt's research on Islam and Muslims in cyberspace. The site includes online bibliographies, research archives, and Islamic Studies Pathways - an Academic Guide to Islamic Studies Resources on the Internet.

Judaism

The Jewish Virtual Library
Sponsored by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE), established in 1993. "The most comprehensive online Jewish encyclopedia in the world, covering everything from anti-Semitism to Zionism. So far, more than 13,000 articles and 6,000 photographs and maps have been integrated into the site. The Library has 13 wings: History, Women, The Holocaust, Travel, Israel & The States, Maps, Politics, Biography, Israel, Religion, Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress, Vital Statistics and Reference. Each of these has numerous subcategories. Under Religion, for example, we have the complete text of the Tanakh, information on Jewish holidays and material on relations between Jews and Christians and Muslims. The Politics wing includes collections on U.S.-Israel relations, the United Nations and the peace process. The Reference section has bibliographies of more than 1,000 books and 1,000 web sites, and a glossary of more than 1,000 words and a time-line for the history of Judaism."

Judaism, Christianity, Religious Studies, and Mysticism
A resource for teaching "ABOUT religions and how to understand them, without crossing the line that separates church and state and without entering into the parochial domain of teaching students to profess and practice religions." Includes annotated links to documents and articles.

 

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Updated 16-Apr-2009 AMB