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Chicago Manual of Style

for Documenting Sources

 

The Chicago Manual of Style requires either 1) footnotes and a bibliography or 2) in-text author-date citations and reference list. These examples are for footnotes and a bibliography. See the Manual for the second style. The first time a source appears in a footnote, the full citation is given. The second and subsequent times that source is listed only the author's last name, an abbreviated title and the page number need be included.

 

Book: (single author)

(footnote):

1. George S. McGovern, The Third Freedom: Ending Hunger in Our Time (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001), 100.

(bibliography):

McGovern, George S. The Third Freedom: Ending Hunger in Our Time. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.

 

Book: (two authors)

(footnote):

2. Matthew Gandy and Alimuddin Zumla, The Return of the White Plague : Global Poverty and the "New" Tuberculosis (New York: Verso, 2003), 223.

(bibliography):

Gandy, Matthew and Alimuddin Zumla. The Return of the White Plague : Global Poverty and the "New" Tuberculosis. New York: Verso, 2003.

 

Book: (association as "author")

(footnote):

3. Action Against Hunger, The Geopolitics of Hunger, 2000-2001: Hunger and Power (Boulder: L. Rienner, 2001), 55.

(bibliography):

Action Against Hunger. The Geopolitics of Hunger, 2000-2001: Hunger and Power. Boulder: L. Rienner, 2001.

 

Essay by one author in a book edited by another author:

(footnote):

6. Gordon Straw, "Race, Poverty, and the Environment: The Disadvantaged Face Greater Risks," in The Global Ecology, ed. Edward Moran, 11-30 (New York: Wilson, 1999).

(bibliography):

Straw, Gordon. "Race, Poverty, and the Environment: The Disadvantaged Face Greater Risks." In The Global Ecology, ed Edward Moran, 11-30. New York: Wilson, 1999.

 

Journal article:

(footnote):

4. Bruce Rich, "Still Waiting," Ecologist 30, no. 6 (2000): 15.

(bibliography):

Rich, Bruce. "Still Waiting." Ecologist 30, no. 6 (2000): 8-17.

 

Fulltext journal article from a database:

(footnote):

5. Per Pinstrup-Andersen, "Feeding the World in the New Millennium," Environment 43, no. 6 (2001), http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=4764111&site=ehost-live.

(bibliography):

Pinstrup-Andersen, Per. "Feeding the World in the New Millennium." Environment 43, no. 6 (2001): 22-31. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=4764111&site=ehost-live.

 

Newspaper article:

(footnotes):

2. Mike Royko, "Next Time, Dan, Take Aim at Arnold," Chicago Tribune, sec. 3, September 23, 1992, national edition.

3. Editorial, Lake Forester (Lake Forest, IL), July 30, 1990.

4. Richard Stenger, "Tiny Human-Borne Monitoring Device Sparks Privacy Fears," CNN.com, December 20, 1999, http://www.cnn.com/1999/TECH/ptech/12/20/implant.device/.

(bibliography):

Royko, Mike. "Next Time, Dan, Take Aim at Arnold." Chicago Tribune, September 23, 1992, national edition, sec. 3.

Stenger, Richard. "Tiny Human-Borne Monitoring Device Sparks Privacy Fears." CNN.com, December 20, 1999. http://www.cnn.com/1999/TECH/ptech/12/20/implant.device/.

 

Web site:

(footnote):

8. Anup Shah, "Causes of Poverty," Global Issues That Affect Everyone, http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Poverty.asp.

(bibliography):

Shah, Anup."Causes of Poverty." Global Issues That Affect Everyone. http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Poverty.asp (accessed October 16, 2001).

 

Reference work:

Well-known reference books are normally cited in notes rather than in bibliographies. The facts of publication are often omitted, but the edition (if not the first) must be specified. References to an alphabetically arranged work cite the item (not the volume or page number) preceded by s.v. (sub verbo, "under the word"; pl. s.vv.)

(footnote):

1. Dictionary of American Biography, s.v. "Wadsworth, Jeremiah."

2. The Times Guide to English Style and Usage, rev. ed., comp. Tim Austin (London: Times Books, 1999), s.vv. "police," "postal addresses."

(bibliography):

The Encyclopedia of Women's History in America. New York: Facts on File, 1996.

 

Video:

(footnote):

5. Adrian Malone, "Tightrope of Power," part 9 of Millennium: Tribal Wisdom and the Modern World, VHS, prod. Michael Grant & Richard Meech (Alexandria, VA : Distributed by PBS Video, 1992).

(bibliography):

Malone, Adrian. "Tightrope of Power." Part 9. Millennium: Tribal Wisdom and the Modern World. VHS. Produced by Michael Grant & Richard Meech. Alexandria, VA : Distributed by PBS Video, 1992.


Lecture notes:

(footnote):

7. Jan Bender Shetler, "Tanzania" (lecture, Goshen College, Goshen, IN, January 23, 2000).

(bibliography):

Shetler, Jan Bender. "Tanzania." Class lecture, Goshen College, Goshen, IN, January 23, 2000.

Biblical citation:

(footnote):

1. Ps. 139:13-16 NAB.

(bibliography):

You do not need to include the Bible in your bibliography.

More Resources

The books below are in the Reference Room of the Good Library. These, plus more, are located on the counter top at the north end of the room and are labeled "Style Guides."
  • The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2003. (Ref PN 147 .U69 2003)
  • Keene, Michael L and Katharine H. Adams. Easy Access. New York: McGraw Hill, 2006 (Ref PE1408 .K425 2006)
  • Maimon, Elaine. P., Janice H.Peritz, & Kathleen. B. Yancey. 2nd ed. A Writer's Resource: A Handbook for Writing and Research.. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007. (Ref PE 1408 .M3366 2007)

 

 

Updated 17-Dec-2009 AMB